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  1. › wiki › Jasper_TudorJasper Tudor - Wikipedia

    Jasper Tudor, Duke of Bedford and Earl of Pembroke (c. November 1431 – 21/26 December 1495), also called Jasper of Hatfield, was the uncle of King Henry VII of England and a leading architect of his nephew's successful accession to the throne in 1485.

  2. › jasper-tudor-1431-1495Jasper Tudor 1431 - 1495

    • Childhood
    • Margaret Beaufort
    • Richard Duke of York
    • Support For The King
    • Wanted by King Edward IV
    • Restoration of Henry Vi
    • Restoration of Edward IV
    • Exile
    • Support For Henry Tudor
    • Marriage

    Jasper was born in 1431 the third son of Henry V’s widow, Catherine of Valoisand Owen Tudor, the keeper of her wardrobe. Both he and his brother Edmund were half-brothers to King Henry VI. Jasper’s parents had secretly married around 1429 but had kept the marriage secret because Owen was a Welshman and a commoner. Jasper’s mother should have asked the King’s permission to marry since she was Dowager Queen. Furthermore, it was illegal for marriages to be made between the English and the Welsh. Jasper’s mother died when he was six years old, shortly after giving birth to a daughter at Bermondsey Abbey. Jasper’s father, Owen, was arrested and imprisoned. Jasper and his older brother, Edmund, were then sent to live with Katherine de la Pole, abbess of Barking. In 1442 Henry VI began to take an interest in his half-brothers and took charge of their upbringing. He created Edmund Earl of Richmond in 1449 and on 23rd November 1452 Jasper was created Earl of Pembroke and given Pembroke Castl...

    In 1453 Jasper and Edmund were jointly given the wardship of Margaret Beaufortthe only child of John Beaufort, heiress to the Beaufort fortune. Two years later, Jasper’s brother, Edmund married 12 year old Margaret and she became pregnant the following year.

    In late Summer 1453, Henry VI suffered a bout of mental instability which left him unable to rule the country. Henry’s chief adviser, the Duke of Somerset, took charge of government but he ruled badly and Henry’s heir, Richard Duke of York, believed that he should take control. In Spring 1454 both Jasper and his brother Edmund backed Richard of York’s request to be proclaimed Protector of England. When Henry recovered his mental faculty and re-appointed the Duke of Somerset, Richard of York raised a force against Henry. Jasper and Edmund had to choose which side to support.

    Jasper fought in the first battle of the Wars of the Roses, the First Battle of St Albans, for Henry VI on the Lancastrianside. The Lancastrians lost the battle and Henry VI was captured but Jasper and Edmund declared their support for Henry VI and remained on the Lancastrian side. Richard Duke of York captured Jasper’s brother Edmund in November 1456 and he died while in prison. Jasper took in his brother’s pregnant widow, Margaret Beaufort and her son, Henry, was born at Pembroke Castle on 28th January 1457. For his continued loyalty to Henry VI, Jasper was made constable of a number of castles in Wales, including Aberystwyth and Carmarthen. He was made a Knight of the Garter in 1459.

    In 1461 Jasper and his father, Owen Tudor, led a Welsh force against Edward Duke of York at the Battle of Mortimer’s Cross. They lost the battle and although Jasper escaped, his father was captured and executed. When Edward took the throne as King Edward IV, he declared Jasper a traitor. Jasper’s lands and titles were forfeited and Edward wanted him captured. Jasper fled to Ireland and then to Scotland before going to Brittany in 1462. There he joined forces with Margaret of Anjou and together they petitioned Louis XI of France for support. In the Autumn of 1462 Jasper invaded the north of England at the head of an invasion force. He managed to capture Bamburgh Castle but was unable to progress south. By December he realised his situation was hopeless and surrendered in exchange for safe passage to Scotland. Jasper then spent the next few years travelling between Scotland and Brittany trying to raise support for Henry VI’s son, Edward, to mount an invasion and remove Edward IV. In 1...

    In the Autumn of 1470 Jasper was part of an invasionary force that included Henry VI’s son, Edward, Edward IV’s brother, George Duke of Clarence and Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick. Rather than fight, Edward IV fled to Burgundy where he raised support. Henry VI returned as King, Jasper was restored as Earl of Pembroke and given back Pembroke Castle. Jasper took Henry Tudor to court and presented him to Henry VI.

    In 1471 Edward IV returned and after winning the Battle of Tewekesbury, regained the throne on 22nd May 1471. Henry VI was captured and probably murdered on the same day. Henry VI’s son, Edward, had died during the battle and so Henry Tudor became the sole remaining Lancastrian heir to the throne.

    Shortly after re-taking the throne Edward IV instructed Roger Vaughan to capture Jasper and Henry Tudor. However, Jasper captured Vaughan and executed him before fleeing to Brittany taking Henry Tudor with him. In late 1471 Edward IV unsuccessfully petitioned Duke Francis II of Brittany for the extradition of Jasper and Henry Tudor. Undeterred Edward sent spies to Brittany to seek them out. In 1474 Jasper and Henry Tudor agreed to separate in order to make it harder for them to be found by Edward’s spies. They both lived separately on the continent for the next eight years. In April 1483 Edward IV died and his son became King Edward V. In June, Edward IV’s brother, Richard Duke of Gloucester, declared that Edward’s marriage to Elizabeth Woodville was invalid and as such their children were illegitimate. Edward V and his younger brother were placed in the Tower of London and Richard took the throne as Richard III.

    The Duke of Buckingham rose in rebellion against Richard III in October 1483 and Jasper and Henry Tudor attempted to cross the Channel to support the rebellion. Due to unfavourable weather their ships were blown off course. The rebellion was suppressed and Buckingham was executed as a traitor. Back in France, Jasper and Henry raised finances and troops for an invasion and on 7th August 1485 they landed at Milford Haven in Wales. After raising support they met the forces of Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field on 22nd August 1485. Richard was killed during the battle and Henry Tudor was proclaimed King Henry VII. King Henry VII restored Jasper to the Earldom of Pembroke and gave him back Pembroke Castle. Henry showed his gratitude to Jasper by giving him the honour of carrying the crown during Henry’s coronation. Henry kept Jasper close at hand as an adviser, particularly in military matters. Later, Henry created him Duke of Bedford, a title previously held by the brother of K...

    Jasper married Catherine Woodville, widow of the Duke of Buckingham, sister of Edward IV’s queen, Elizabeth Woodville in November 1485.

  3. Jasper Tudor, Duke of Bedford, was a Lancastrian who played an important role in the Wars of the Roses and in the establishment of the Tudor dynasty upon the throne of England. Tudor was the son of Owen Tudor and Queen Catherine, the widow of King Henry V of England and daughter of King Charles VI of France. He...

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  4. Jasper Tudor, duke of Bedford, leader of the Lancastrians in Wales, uncle and guardian of Henry, earl of Richmond, afterward Henry VII of England. The second son of Owen Tudor, founder of the family’s fortunes, he was knighted in 1449 and created earl of Pembroke about 1452.

  5. Aug 10, 2018 · Jasper Tudor was the second son born to Owen Tudor and Catherine of Valois born in 1431. He was the brother of Edmund Tudor and half- brother of King Henry VI. After his mother’s death on January 3, 1437, Jasper and Edmund were sent to Barking Abbey where they were raised and educated by Katherine de la Pole from July 1437 until March 1442.

    • Jasper was born out of a secret marriage. His mother had been the Queen of England, Katherine of Valois. After her husband (Henry V) died, she secretly married a member of her household, a Welshman called Owen Tudor, and bore him two sons – Edmund and Jasper.
    • It was from this wardship that the future Henry VII would be born. Edmund married Lady Margaret, and got her pregnant right away. She had a son, Henry. Edmund died, but his brother, Jasper, would spend the rest of his life protecting his nephew from the civil wars known as the Wars of the Roses.
    • Jasper was a bit like a 007 character. There was one time when a castle was being besieged that he snuck in to be able to fight. He once escaped another castle by dressing as a peasant and leaving in full daylight.
    • He only married very late in life, after his nephew became King. There have been rumors of an alleged relationship with Lady Margaret (see the White Queen series, for example).
  6. Jan 22, 2019 · About Jasper Tudor. "Jasper Tudor, 1st Duke of Bedford, 1st Earl of Pembroke, KG (Welsh: Siasbar Tudur) (c. 1431 – 21/26 December 1495) was the uncle of King Henry VII of England and the architect of his successful conquest of England and Wales in 1485. He was from the noble Tudor family of Penmynydd, North Wales.

    • Helen Tudor, Joan Tudor, Helen Gardiner
    • November 1429
    • Catherine of Valois, Owen Tudor
    • Keynsham Abbey, Keynsham, Somerset, England
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