Jagdgeschwader 77 Herz As was a Luftwaffe fighter wing during World War II. It served in all the German theaters of war, from Western Europe to the Eastern Front, and from the high north in Norway to the Mediterranean. All three gruppen within the unit operated variants of the Messerschmitt Bf 109. II. Gruppe was the only German unit entirely equipped, albeit only during November–December 1943, with the Macchi C.205, a highly regarded Italian fighter.
- Formation and Unit Restructures
- Service in World War II
- Commanding Officers
- Pilots Attached to JG 77
JG 77 was formed in May 1939 with I. and II. Gruppe. III./JG 77 was formed on 5 July 1940 in Trondheim from the II(J)./JG 186. I./ JG 77 was reorganized on 21 November 1940 into IV./JG 51 and a new I./JG 77 was established. In January 1942 I./JG 77 was transferred to I./JG 5 and a new I./JG 77 was created. In April 1942 1. Staffel was transferred to Romania and designated the defence unit for the Ploieşti oil fields at Mizil. (This staffel was redesignated 1./JG 4in August 1942.)
Invasion of Poland, campaign in the West and the Balkans
I./JG 77 took part in the Invasion of Poland on 1 September 1939, while attached to Luftflotte 3. II./JG 77 took part in the first Jagdwaffe victories in the West, which occurred on 4 September 1939, when II./JG 77 shot down 2 RAFbombers over the North Sea. In April 1940 JG 77 took part in Operation Weserübung, the invasion of Norway. A third Gruppe was created in Norway in July, while the original two Gruppen took part in the Battle of France from 10 May 1940. After the successful invasion o...
Invasion of the Soviet Union
Following the operations in Crete, JG 77 was withdrawn to Romania in order to prepare for Operation Barbarossa. During this time, III. Gruppe was in the process of converting to the new Bf 109F, a process that would be completed shortly after the attack on the Soviet Union began. As Operation Barbarossa, the invasion of the Soviet Union, started on 22 June 1941, II. and III. Gruppe plus Stab supported the advance East as part of Army Group South, while I. Gruppe served on the Finland front. T...
Service in the Mediterranean
I. Gruppe, which was still based in Norway, was reorganized into I. Gruppe/JG 5in January 1942, and the entire JG 77 (with a newly created I. Gruppe) was then transferred south to the Mediterranean area from June - December 1942. During operations against Malta from June-Oct 1942, I./JG 77, still commanded by Bär, claimed 99 aircraft shot down to add to the 900 claimed in Russia. Oblt. Siegfried Freytag claimed 25 kills over Malta, Obfw. Walter Brandtclaiming 14. III./JG 77, with Geschwaderko...
1. Oberstleutnant Eitel Roediger von Manteuffel, 1 October 1939 2. Major Bernhard Woldenga, 22 December 1940 3. Major Gotthard Handrick, 23 June 1941 4. Major Gordon M. Gollob, 16 May 1942 5. Major Joachim Müncheberg, 1 October 1942 6. Oberstleutnant Johannes Steinhoff, 1 April 1943 7. Major Johannes Wiese, 1 December 1944 8. Major Siegfried Freytag, 26 December 1944 9. Major Erich Leie, 29 December 1944 10. Major Siegfried Freytag, 7 March 1945 11. Major Fritz Losigkeit, 1 April 1945Bergström, Christer (2007). Barbarossa - The Air Battle: July–December 1941. London: Chervron/Ian Allen. ISBN 978-1-85780-270-2.Jochen Prien: Geschichte des Jagdgeschwaders 77(1992–95, Struve)
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Formation and unit restructures. JG 77 was formed in May 1939 with I. and II. Gruppe. III./JG 77 was formed on 5 July 1940 in Trondheim from the II(J)./JG 186. I./ JG 77 was reorganized on 21 November 1940 into IV./JG 51 and a new I./JG 77 was established. In January 1942 I./JG 77 was transferred to I./JG 5 and a new I./JG 77 was created. In ...
Jagdgeschwader 77 (JG 77) Herz As (Ace of Hearts) was a Luftwaffe fighter wing during World War II. It served in all the German theaters of war, from Western Europe to the Eastern Front, and from the high north in Norway to the Mediterranean. Jagdgeschwader 77 (JG 77) Herz As (Ace of Hearts) was a Luftwaffe fighter wing during World War II.
III./JG 77 Jagdfliegerschule 4, Fürth In spring 1941 the German Luftwaffe agreed to sell some of their war booty Frencb and Norwegian Hawk 75A:s. The Espenlaub Flugzeugbau,Wuppertal, installed german equipment.
Staffel of Jagdgeschwader 77 (JG 77—77th Fighter Wing) was transferred to reinforce I./JG 1, becoming 4./JG 1. From mid-1943, the gruppe sported unique checkered cowlings; each of the three staffeln had its own colour combination.
This is a unit I have studied as it was the first unit equipped with single engine fighters sent to Norway after the invasion on April 9. 1940. Illustration 176 was not the unit insignia for 2./JG 77, but rather the emblem for 2./LG 2 as seen on their Bf 109 E's in 1939-40.
Gruppe of JG 5. The 13. Staffel of JG 77 was renamed to 4./JG 5. The 5. Staffel was officially created from 15. Staffel of JG 77, a squadron which had just been created. Creation of 6. Staffel was deferred until mid-March 1942. On 21 March, 1./JG 5 was renamed and became 6./JG 5. Shortly later, a new 1./JG 5 was created from 10. Staffel of Jagdgeschwader 1 (JG 1—1st Fighter Wing). III. Gruppe
Expected price $35.95. We have looked at a few of Erik’s books so far – and although his unit history books often come in other languages, this English language unit history “Special” book features the history of just one unit. JG 77 – which saw combat right through the Second World War from Poland to the channel and France, The Mediterranean and Afrika and Russia ‘till lastly the skies over Germany.