Sturm und Drang (/ ˌ ʃ t ʊər m ʊ n t ˈ d r æ ŋ,-ˈ d r ɑː ŋ /, German: [ˈʃtʊʁm ʔʊnt ˈdʁaŋ]; literally "storm and desire", though usually translated as "storm and stress") was a proto-Romantic movement in German literature and music that occurred between the late 1760s and early 1780s.
Of the seven children born to Johann van Beethoven, only Ludwig, the second-born, and two younger brothers survived infancy. Caspar Anton Carl was born on 8 April 1774, and Nikolaus Johann, the youngest, was born on 2 October 1776. Beethoven’s first music teacher was his father.
Alexander von Humboldt was born in Berlin in Prussia on 14 September 1769. He was baptized as a baby in the Lutheran faith, with the Duke of Brunswick serving as godfather. Humboldt's father, Alexander Georg von Humboldt, belonged to a prominent Pomeranian family.
Benjamin Franklin's chopped-up snake, urging union of the colonies with the caption 'Join or Die', is the first American political cartoon Go to Franklin, Benjamin (1706–90) in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)
Altenstadt, A. von Schmidt auf; Reisherinneringen uit Korea en China De Aarde en haar Volken, 1904 (Dutch) (as Author) Schmidt, Erich, 1853-1913 ¶ Vertheidigung des Herrn Wieland gegen die Wolken, von dem Verfasser der Wolken Deutsche Litteraturdenkmale des 18. und 19. Jahrhunderts, No. 121, Dritte Folge No. 1 (German) (as Editor)
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Faust: Ein Fragment (play) 1790 Faust—Der Tragödie erster Teil [Faust. Part I.; published in Faust: A Drama by Goethe and Schiller's "Song of the Bell"] (play) 1808 Marquis von Grosse Genius [Horrid Mysteries] (short stories) 1796 Nathaniel Hawthorne "The Birthmark" (short story) 1843; published in the journal Pioneer
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