John George succeeded to the electorate on 23 June 1611 on the death of his elder brother, Christian II.The geographical position of the Electorate of Saxony rather than her high standing among the German Protestants gave her ruler much importance during the Thirty Years' War.
- Formation and Ascanian rule
- Wettin rule
- Protestant Reformation
- Schmalkaldic War
- Thirty Years' War
The Electorate of Saxony was a state of the Holy Roman Empire established when Emperor Charles IV raised the Ascanian duchy of Saxe-Wittenberg to the status of an Electorate by the Golden Bull of 1356. It comprised a territory of some 40,000 square kilometers. Upon the extinction of the House of Ascania, it was feoffed to the Margraves of Meissen from the Wettin dynasty in 1423, who moved the ducal residence up the river Elbe to Dresden. After the Empire's dissolution in 1806, the Wettin Elector
After the dissolution of the medieval Duchy of Saxony, the name Saxony was first applied to a small territory midway along the river Elbe, around the city of Wittenberg, which had formerly belonged to the March of Lusatia. Around 1157 it was held by Albert the Bear, the first Margrave of Brandenburg. When Emperor Frederick Barbarossa deposed the Saxon duke, Henry the Lion in 1180, the Wittenberg lands belonged to Albert's youngest son, Count Bernhard of Anhalt, who assumed the Saxon ducal title.
The Ascanian line of Saxe-Wittenberg became extinct with the death of Elector Albert III in 1422, after which Emperor Sigismund granted the country and electoral privilege upon Margrave Frederick IV of Meissen, who had been a loyal supporter in the Hussite Wars. The late Albert's Ascanian relative, Duke Eric V of Saxe-Lauenburg protested in vain. Frederick, one of the seven Prince-electors, was a member of the House of Wettin, which since 1089 had ruled over the adjacent Margravate of Meissen up
The Protestant movement of the 16th century largely spread under the protection of the Saxon rulers. Ernest's son, Elector Frederick the Wise established in 1502 the University at Wittenberg, where the Augustinian monk, Martin Luther, was appointed professor of philosophy in 1508. At the same time he became one of the preachers at the castle church in Wittenberg. On 31 October 1517, he enclosed in a protest letter to Albert of Brandenburg the Archbishop of Mainz, The Ninety-five Theses against t
Meanwhile, in the Albertine lands Duke Albert's son, George, founder of the Catholic League of Dessau, was a strong opponent of the Lutheran doctrine and had repeatedly sought to influence his Ernestine cousins in favour of the Catholic Church. However, George's brother and successor, Duke Henry IV of Saxony, was finally won over to Protestantism under the influence of his wife, Catherine of Mecklenburg, and thus the Catholic diocese of Meissen came to be abolished. Henry's son and successor, Du
The Thirty Years' War occurred during the reign of Elector John George. In this struggle, the Elector was at first neutral, and for a long time he would not listen to the overtures of King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden. Not until the Imperial General Johann Tserclaes of Tilly advanced into Saxony did the Elector join the forces of the Swedish Empire. However, after the 1634 Battle of Nördlingen, the Elector concluded the Peace of Prague with Emperor Ferdinand II in 1635. By this treaty ...
Nine years after the Treaty of Westphalia, John George II (1657-1680) ascended the throne as Elector of Saxony. He engineered a rapprochement with both the Roman Catholic Louis XIV of France (1643-1715) and the Habsburg emperor Leopold I (1658-1705) of Austria and made his court at Dresden a haven to artists. Scope and Content Note
- Early life
- Career as elector
Johann George III was Elector of Saxony from 1680 to 1691. He belonged to the Albertine line of the House of Wettin.
Johann Georg III was born in Dresden, the only son of Johann George II and Magdalene Sybille of Brandenburg-Bayreuth. John George succeeded his father as Elector of Saxony when he died, in 1680; he was also appointed Marshal of the Holy Roman Empire. Because of his courage and his enthusiasm for the War he gained the nickname of the "Saxonian Mars". From his childhood, he learned the typical duties and manners of an heir to the throne. That included not only a strictly Lutheran education but als
After his accession as Elector, he reduced the size of the royal household and began with the establishment of a small standing army of 12,000 men, after the model of the Margraviate of Brandenburg and managed to extract from the states of the realm a commitment to contribute funds. The Privy War Chancellery was set up as the highest military authority. Extreme pressure was used to obtain recruits for the new army. He always neglected home affairs. Arms of Saxony In foreign policy, he was less i
John George married Anne Sophie, daughter of King Frederick III of Denmark and Norway, in Copenhagen on 9 October 1666. They had two sons
Elector of Saxony; ruled during the Thirty Years' War, during which he was at times allied with the Emperor and at times with the King of Sweden. John George II, Elector of Saxony (1613–1680)
Sep 06, 2019 · Er war der zweite Sohn des Kurfürsten von Sachsen Christian I. und folgte seinem kinderlosen Bruder Christian II. am 23. Juni 1611 in der Regierung nach. English: John George I (German: Johann Georg I; 5 March 1585 - 8 October 1656) was Elector of Saxony from 1611 to 1656.
John George II, Elector of Saxony. Johann George II (31 May 1613 – 22 August 1680) was the Elector of Saxony from 1656 to 1680. New!!: John George III, Elector of Saxony and John George II, Elector of Saxony · See more » John George IV, Elector of Saxony
Because they were still underage, the regency of his duchy was taken by Christian II, Elector of Saxony (1603–1611) and later by his brother and next Elector, John George I (1611–1618). Countess Palatine Anna Maria of Neuburg Friedrich Wilhelm I, Duke of Saxe-Weimar Friedrich Wilhelm II, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg Torgau Johann II, Duke of Saxe ...
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