Jorge Ubico Castañeda (10 November 1878 – 14 June 1946), nicknamed Number Five or also Central America's Napoleon, was a Guatemalan dictator. A general in the Guatemalan army, he was elected to the presidency in 1931, in an election where he was the only candidate.
Jorge Ubico Castañeda (lahir 10 November 1878 – meninggal 14 Juni 1946 pada umur 67 tahun), berjuluk Nomor Lima (berdasarkan pada jumlah huruf dari nama Jorge) atau juga Napoleon dari Amerika Tengah, adalah penguasa otoriter Guatemala dari 14 Februari 1931 sampai 4 Juli 1944.
People also ask
Who is Jorge Ubico?
What is the Spanish name for Ubico?
Who is General Ubico Urruela?
Jorge Ubico là con trai của Arturo Ubico Urruela, một luật sư và chính trị gia của đảng Tự do Guatemala. Ubico Urruela là một thành viên của cơ quan lập pháp đã viết Hiến pháp Guatemala năm 1879 và sau đó là chủ tịch Quốc hội Guatemala trong chính phủ Manuel Estrada Cabrera (1898-1920).
Editing the Jorge Ubico article was my responsibility and more information on the Revolution will follow. -- Brad84 19:23, 14 April 2006 (UTC) Using the rather biased "Ten Years of Spring" term for the decade of leftist rule in Guatemala tells readers all we need to know about you.
The Guatemalan Revolution (Spanish: Revolución de Guatemala) was the period in Guatemalan history between the popular uprising that overthrew dictator Jorge Ubico in 1944 and the United States-orchestrated coup d'état in 1954 that overthrew the democratically elected President Jacobo Árbenz.
Jorge Ubico y Castañeda (10. marraskuuta 1878 Guatemala City, Guatemala – 14. kesäkuuta 1946 New Orleans, Louisiana) oli Guatemalan diktaattori 1931–1944.
- Early Years
- Guatemalan Instability
- See Also
Jorge Ubico was the son of Arturo Ubico Urruela, a lawyer and politician of the Guatemalan liberal party. Ubico Urruela was a member of the legislature that wrote the Guatemalan Constitution of 1879, and was subsequently the president of the Guatemalan Congress during the government of Manuel Estrada Cabrera (1898-1920). Jorge Ubico was privately tutored, and attended some of Guatemala's most prestigious schools, as well as receiving further education in the United States and Europe. By 1897 Ubico received his commission into the Guatemalan army as a second lieutenant, a commission which was largely due to his political connections. He rapidly established himself in the army and rose through the ranks, and, after a military campaign against El Salvador, held the rank of colonel at the age of 28. A year later, he was made the governor (jefe politico) of the province of Alta Verapaz, followed four years later as governor of Retalhuleu. During his tenure, he oversaw im...
On December 1930, President Lazaro Chacón was forced to resign after having a stroke. By that time, Guatemala was in the midst of the Great Depression and bankrupt; Chacón's successor, Baudilio Palma, was deposed by a coup de' etat after only four days in office and was replaced by Gral. Manuel María Orellana. The United States opposed the new government and demanded Orellana resign; he was forced to leave the presidency in favor of José María Reina Andrade.
The Liberal Party allied with the Progressives to nominate Ubico as Andrade's successor, in an election where Ubico was the only candidate on the ballot. In February 1931 he was elected with 305,841 votes.In his inaugural address, he pledged a "march toward civilization". Once in office, he began a campaign of efficiency which included assuming dictatorial powers.
Ubico's rule has been characterized as totalitarian; John Gunther, who visited the country during 1941, described Guatemala as "a country 100 per cent dominated by a single man." Added Gunther: "He [Ubico] has spies and agents everywhere, and knows everyone's private business to an amazing degree. Not a pin drops in Guatemala without his knowing it."Guatemala under Ubico was likened to "a modern jail." He militarized numerous political and social institutions—including the post office, school...
UFCO and relations with the US
Ubico considered Guatemala to be the closest ally of the United States in the Caribbean. Adopting a pro-USA stance to promote economic development and recovery from depression, the United Fruit Company under Ubico became the most important company in Guatemala. It received import duty and real estate tax exemptions from the government and controlled more land than any other group or individual. It also controlled the sole railroad in the country, the sole facilities capable of producing elect...
Relations with Germany
As part of a goodwill worldwide tour promoting the Berlin 1936 Summer Olympics, in January of that year the German light cruiser Emdenarrived to Guatemala. Its crew travelled by train to Guatemala City where they paraded in front of Ubico's Army staff and the general public.
History of Guatemala 1. Obelisco (Guatemala City) 2. Guatemalan Revolution 3. President of Guatemala 4. German cruiser Emden
Jorge Ubico Castañeda (Ciudad de Guatemala, 10 de noviembre de 1878– Nueva Orleans, 14 de junio de 1946) fue un militar y político guatemalteco, que se desempeñó como Dictador de Guatemala entre 1931 a 1944. Previamente fungió como jefe político de la Verapaz y de Retalhuleu durante el gobierno de Manuel Estrada Cabrera.