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  1. Joseph Lister, in full Joseph Lister, Baron Lister of Lyme Regis, also called (1883–97) Sir Joseph Lister, Baronet, (born April 5, 1827, Upton, Essex, England—died February 10, 1912, Walmer, Kent), British surgeon and medical scientist who was the founder of antiseptic medicine and a pioneer in preventive medicine.

  2. Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister, OM, PC, PRS, FRCS, FRS (5 April 1827 – 10 February 1912 [1]) was a British surgeon, medical scientist, experimental pathologist and a pioneer of antiseptic surgery [2] and preventative medicine. [1]

  3. Oct 14, 2018 · Joseph Lister, 1827–1912. Joseph Lister found a way to prevent infection in wounds during and after surgery. He was the first to apply the science of Germ Theory to surgery. Lister's Antisepsis System is the basis of modern infection control. His principles made surgery safe and continue to save countless lives.

    • Early Years
    • Research and Personal Life
    • Implementation of Antisepsis
    • Lifesaving Antiseptic Success
    • Later Life and Honors
    • Death and Legacy
    • Joseph Lister Fast Facts
    • Sources

    Born on April 5, 1827 in Essex, England, Joseph Lister was the fourth of seven children born to Joseph Jackson Lister and Isabella Harris. Lister's parents were devout Quakers, and his father was a successful wine merchant with scientific interests of his own: he invented the first achromatic microscopelens, an endeavor that earned him the honor of...

    In 1854, Lister went to the University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh Royal Infirmary in Scotland to study under the famous surgeon James Syme. Under Syme, Lister's professional and personal life flourished: he met and married Syme's daughter, Agnes, in 1856. Agnes was invaluable as a wife and partner, assisting Joseph with his medical research and labora...

    By 1861, Lister was leading the surgical ward at the Glasgow Royal Infirmary. During this time in history, surgery was performed only when absolutely necessary due to high death rates associated with infections. With little understanding of how germs like bacteriacaused disease, surgical procedures were regularly performed in unsanitary conditions....

    Lister's first success case was an eleven year old boy who had suffered injuries from a horse cart accident. Lister employed antiseptic procedures during treatment, then found that the boy's fractures and wounds healed without infection. Further success ensued as nine of eleven other cases where carbolic acid was used to treat wounds showed no sign...

    In 1877, Lister assumed the chair of Clinical Surgery at King's College in London and began practicing at King's College Hospital. There, he continued to research ways to improve his antiseptic methods and develop new methods for treating injuries. He popularized the use of gauze bandages for wound treatment, developed rubber drainage tubes, and cr...

    Joseph Lister retired in 1893 following the death of his beloved wife Agnes. He later suffered a stroke, but was still able to consult on treatment for King Edward VII's appendicitis surgery in 1902. By 1909, Lister had lost the ability to read or write. Nineteen years after the passing of his wife, Joseph Lister died on February 10, 1912 at Walmer...

    Full Name:Joseph Lister
    Also Known As:Sir Joseph Lister, Baron Lister of Lyme Regis
    Known For:First to implement antiseptic method in surgery; father of modern surgery
    Born:April 5, 1827 in Essex, England
    Fitzharris, Lindsey. The Butchering Art: Joseph Lister's Quest to Transform the Grisly World of Victorian Medicine. Scientific American / Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2017.
    Gaw, Jerry L. A Time to Heal: the Diffusion of Listerism in Victorian Britain. American Philosophical Society, 1999.
    Pitt, Dennis, and Jean-Michel Aubin. "Joseph Lister: Father of Modern Surgery." National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, Oct. 2012, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc...
    Simmons, John Galbraith. Doctors and Discoveries: Lives That Created Today's Medicine. Houghton Mifflin, 2002.
    • Regina Bailey
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    • Early life and family
    • Background and education
    • Education
    • Marriage
    • Origin
    • Criticisms
    • Titles
    • Awards and honours
    • Later years

    Acknowledged as the Father of Antiseptic Surgery, Joseph Listers contributions paved the way to safer medical procedures. His introduction of the antiseptic process dramatically decreased deaths from childbirth and surgery and changed the way the medical industry looked at sanitation and proper hygiene.

    Joseph Lister was born on April 5, 1827 in Upton, Essex, England. His father, Joseph Jackson Lister, was not only a wine merchant, but was also an amateur scientist. He was the second among three children.

    Coming from a family of Quakers, the young Joseph Lister also attended Quaker Schools in London and Hertfordshire. Quaker Schools put in a great amount of emphasis in the sciences, giving him a strong foundation in what was to be his chosen profession.

    He observed the first surgical procedure that used anesthesia in 1846. He then attended the University of London where he earned his Bachelor of Arts degree in 1847. Later on, he qualified to become a medical student and earned his Bachelors degrees in Medicine and Surgery. Because of his exceptional performance, he was awarded with two university ...

    He married Symes daughter, Agnes, who became his laboratory partner because of her great interest in medical research.

    Looking at research done by Louis Pasteur, a French chemist and microbiologist known for his vaccination, fermentation and pasteurization principles, he agreed with the latters belief that germs are usually contracted from the air. Because Lister was a wine merchants son, he knew that wine went bad because the fermentation process was not done prop...

    As expected, it took a long time for other people in the medical field to accept Listers findings. A lot of them were incredulous at the thought that organisms too small to be seen were causing all the post-operation deaths. Some found it tiring to have to go through the sterilization process before performing an operation. And although some of the...

    Queen Victoria dubbed him Sir Joseph Lister in 1883. He became Lord Lister of Lyme Regis in 1897, and was the first to become a British peer for services to medicine. He was given the Order of Merit in 1902, and was made Privy Councilor.

    He became the Vice President of the Royal College of Surgeons and President of the Royal Society. He was also President of the British Association for the Advancement of Science. He helped establish the British Institute of Preventative Medicine in 1891, which was later on called The Lister Institute in his honor.

    With all his achievements, he finally retired in 1893, shortly after his wife died in 1892. He still entertained requests for his advice and services from time to time, although he was left a bit melancholic after losing his life partner. Joseph Lister died in Walmer, Kent, England on February 10, 1912 at the age of 84.

  4. Feb 10, 2018 · When surgeon Joseph Lister died at the age of 84 on February 10, 1912, he left behind a drastic reduction in the mortality of surgical patients due to infections. According to statistics collected by himself, the decrease went from almost 50% of those operated on to only 15%.

  5. Sep 12, 2017 · This changed in the 19th century with a British physician named Joseph Lister (1827-1912), who dedicated his life to learning what caused infections and how to prevent them. Get to know the...

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