Children are natural mathematicians. They push and pull toys, stack blocks, and fill and empty cups of water in the bathtub. All of these activities allow young children to experience math concepts as they experiment with spatial awareness, measurement, and problem solving (ETFO 2010; NAEYC 2010).
To complete the cluster, “ Mathematical Structure and Error in Kindergarten ” by E. Paul Goldenberg, Sharon J. Miller, Cynthia J. Carter, and Kristen E. Reed helps teachers see children’s errors as clues not only to their misconceptions but also to their current and growing understandings.
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Mar 08, 2019 · Recent estimates of the comorbidity of mathematics and reading disorders report that, of the 7% of children who experience mathematics disorders, 17% to 66% experience a comorbid occurrence of reading disorders ( Koepke & Miller, 2013 ). However, the reasons for comorbidity may differ across individuals.
- David J. Purpura, Ellen C. Litkowski, Valerie Knopik
child’s early understanding of math. Children exposed to more math-related words as toddlers have a stronger understanding of math by the time they are preschool age.29-31 Likewise, when caregivers engage young children in math-related activities, children learn more readily and are more likely to succeed in school.29-30, 32
- The High 5S Program
- The Study
- Student Achievement Effects
We describe the findings from a randomized evaluation of a one-year kindergarten math enrichment program, the High 5s program. The program was designed to provide small-group math enrichment in a fun, club-like format to children who had received enriched math instruction the prior year. Participants included 655 kindergarten students in 24 low-inc...
Over the last few decades there has been a heavy emphasis on increasing literacy skills among low-income children, with federal and state initiatives designed to ensure that all children can read by grade 3. State and federal dollars have been spent to improve reading curricula, hire reading coaches and provide tutoring and small group support for ...
The High 5s program was developed in the context of a larger MDRC project to evaluate Building Blocks, a 30-week, pre-K math curriculum designed to take into account children’s natural developmental progression in math. Developed by researchers at the University of Michigan with support from MDRC and the developers of Building Blocks, the goal o...
Students were eligible to participate in the High 5s program if they had attended one of the 24 public preschools that participated in the Making Pre-K Count project described above and the student stayed in the same school between pre-K and kindergarten. These schools served predominantly low-income, Black and Hispanic students. With the exception...
The study analyzed two different measures of math achievement: the Woodcock-Johnson applied problems subscale and the REMA-K. The Woodcock-Johnson is a widely used standardized assessment of mathematical thinking that provides a global measure of math ability. The REMA-K was adapted from an assessment designed by the developers of the Building Bloc...
The research identified several potential mechanisms through which High 5s may have enhanced children’s math skills. First, students in the High 5s program received substantially more math instruction than control students. Kindergarten teachers spent an average of 52 minutes per day on math, for a total of about 4 hours and 20 minutes per week. Hi...
Small group reading instruction is ubiquitous in elementary schools. This type of intervention provides the opportunity for more tailored, individualized instruction, which may help to motivate as well as instruct students. It also provides greater opportunities for conversation and interaction among teachers and students. Prior research has demons...
Jul 01, 2022 · “Mathematics Learned by Young Children in an Intervention Based on Learning Trajectories: A Large-Scale Cluster Randomized Trial.” Journal for Research in Mathematics Education 42, no. 2 (March): 127 – 66. Crossref