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  1. Mar 19, 2024 · Juan Gris (born March 23, 1887, Madrid, Spain—died May 11, 1927, Boulogne-sur-Seine, France) was a Spanish painter whose lucidly composed still lifes are major works of the style called Synthetic Cubism. Gris studied engineering at the Madrid School of Arts and Manufactures from 1902 to 1904, but he soon began making drawings for newspapers ...

    • The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
    • Childhood
    • Early Training
    • Mature Period
    • Late Period
    • The Legacy of Juan Gris

    The man who would become Juan Gris, one of the leading figures in Cubist painting, was born José Victoriano Carmelo Carlos González-Pérez in Madrid in 1887. The thirteenth of fourteen children, he attended Madrid's Escuela de Artes y Manufacturas from 1902 to 1904, where he studied mathematics, physics, and mechanical drawing. Though he was a stron...

    After leaving school, he studied painting under the tutelage of José Moreno Carbonero, a respected and sucessful artist in Madrid who had himself taught Salvador Dalíand Picasso. It was in 1905, while working under Carbonero, that González-Pérez changed his name to Juan Gris. He sold all his possessions and moved to Paris in 1906, shortly after the...

    Though many recognized his talent in its own right, his work followed the austere monochromatic style of Analytic Cubism in the early 1910s, and moved in the direction of Synthetic Cubism - a subsequent phase, distinguished by a broader, bolder use of color and a collage-like approach to composition - from 1914 onward. Departing from Picasso and Br...

    He had been painting prolifically during and after the war, though in 1920 he became ill with pleurisy, a lung inflammation then often confused with tuberculosis. In an attempt to recuperate, he spent the winter at Bandol, on the southeastern coast of France. While there, he spent time with the Russian ballet impresario Sergei Diaghilev, and the tw...

    He established himself as one of the most distinctive figures in Cubism during his relatively short life. His paintings combine different viewpoints of a subject in one image, calling attention to the limitations of traditional perspective and striving toward a new way of seeing that reflects the complexity of the modern age. Though primarily assoc...

    • Spanish
    • March 23, 1887
    • Madrid, Spain
    • May 11, 1927
  2. Spanish Cubist Painters. Childhood & Early Life. Jose Victoriano Gonzalez Perez, better known as Juan Gris, was born on 23 March 1887 to Gregorio Gonzalez and Isabel Perez in Madrid, Spain. His father Gregorio was a successful and prosperous paper manufacturer. Juan Gris was the second youngest among fourteen children in the Gonzalez family.

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  4. Jun 19, 2020 · Published on June 19, 2020 / Updated on October 14, 2023. Email: tomgurney1@gmail.com / Phone: +44 7429 011000. Discover the path to worldwide fame from his early life in Madrid with this extensive biography of the life of Juan Gris. It follows his path to become a key contributor to the Cubist art movement as well as covering the many fellow ...

  5. Jul 31, 2019 · In the months following the end of World War I in 1919, Juan Gris became ill from the lung disease pleurisy. He traveled to Bandol on the southeastern coast of France to recuperate. There, he met Russian ballet patron Serge Diaghilev, founder of the Ballets Russes. Juan Gris designed sets and costumes for the dance troupe from 1922 through 1924.

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  6. www.moma.org › artists › 2349Juan Gris | MoMA

    José Victoriano González-Pérez (23 March 1887 – 11 May 1927), better known as Juan Gris (Spanish: [ˈxwaŋ ˈɡɾis]; French: [gʀi]), was a Spanish painter born in Madrid who lived and worked in France for most of his active period. Closely connected to the innovative artistic genre Cubism, his works are among the movement's most distinctive.

  7. Biography. José Victoriano González-Pérez (23 March 1887 – 11 May 1927), better known as Juan Gris ( Spanish: [ˈxwaŋ ˈɡɾis]; French: [gʀi] ), was a Spanish painter born in Madrid who lived and worked in France for most of his active period. Closely connected to the innovative artistic genre Cubism, his works are among the movement's ...

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