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Torah, in Judaism, in the broadest sense, the substance of divine revelation to Israel, the Jewish people: God’s revealed teaching or guidance for humankind. The meaning of ‘Torah’ is often restricted to signify the first five books of the Bible, also called the Law (or the Pentateuch, in Christianity).
Judaism can be thought of as being simultaneously a religion, a nationality and a culture.. Throughout the middle ages and into the 20th century, most of the European world agreed that Jews constituted a distinct nation.
The most famous works where golems appear are Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, Karel Capek's R.U.R. (where the word "robot" comes from), Isaac Bashevis Singer's The Golem and The X-Files. There is also a character named Golem in J.R.R. Tolkien's classic series The Lord of the Rings .
Judaism is the oldest surviving monotheistic religion, arising in the eastern Mediterranean in the second millennium B.C.E. Abraham is traditionally considered to be the first Jew and to have made ...