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      • From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Karafuto Prefecture (樺太庁, Karafuto-chō), commonly called South Sakhalin, was the Japanese administrative division corresponding to Japanese territory on southern Sakhalin island from 1905 to 1945. Through the Treaty of Portsmouth, the portion of the island south of 50°N became a colony of Japan in 1905. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Karafuto Prefecture (樺太庁,,50°N became a colony of Japan in 1905.
  1. Karafuto Prefecture - Wikipedia

    Karafuto Prefecture, commonly known as South Sakhalin, was a prefecture of Japan located in Sakhalin from 1907 to 1949. Karafuto became territory of the Empire of Japan in 1905 after the Russo-Japanese War when the portion of Sakhalin south of 50°N was ceded from the Russian Empire in the Treaty of Portsmouth. Karafuto was established in 1907 as an external territory until being upgraded to an "Inner Land" of the Japanese metropole in 1943. Ōtomari was the capital of Karafuto from 1905 to ...

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    The Japan­ese name Kara­futo(樺太) comes from Ainu kamuy kar put ya mosir (カムイ・カラ・プト・ヤ・モシリ), which means "the is­land a god has cre­ated on the es­tu­ary (of Amur River)". It was for­merly known as Kita Ezo(北蝦夷), mean­ing North­ern Ezo (Ezo is the for­mer name for Hokkaido). When the Japan­ese ad­min­is­tered the pre­fec­ture, Kara­futo usu­ally meant South­ern Sakhalin only. For con­ve­nience, the north­ern part of the is­land was some­times called Sagaren(薩哈嗹). In Russ­ian, the en­tire is­land was named Sakhalin (Сахалин) or Saghalien. It is from Manchu sa­haliyan ula angga hada, mean­ing "peak of the mouth of Amur River".[citation needed] The south­ern part was sim­ply called Yuzhny Sakhalin (Южный Сахалин, "South Sakhalin"). In Ko­rean, the name is Sa­hallin (사할린) or Hwataedo (화태도, 樺太島), with the lat­ter name in use dur­ing Korea under Japan­ese rule.

    Japan­ese set­tle­ment on Sakhalin dates to at least the Edo pe­riod. Ōtomari was es­tab­lished in 1679, and car­tog­ra­phers of the Mat­sumae do­main mapped the is­land, and named it "Kita-Ezo". Japan­ese car­tog­ra­pher and ex­plorer Mamiya Rinzō es­tab­lished that Sakhalin was an is­land through his dis­cov­ery of what is now named Mamiya Strait (Strait of Tar­tary) in 1809. Japan uni­lat­er­ally pro­claimed sov­er­eignty over the whole is­land in 1845, but its claims were not rec­og­nized by the Russ­ian Em­pire, fear­ing that Qing dy­nasty China might re­claim Vladi­vos­tok (Chi­nese: 海參崴) and Outer Manchuria (known in China as the Sixty-Four Vil­lages East of the River). The 1855 Treaty of Shi­moda ac­knowl­edged that both Rus­sia and Japan had joint rights of oc­cu­pa­tion to Sakhalin, with­out set­ting a def­i­nite ter­ri­to­r­ial de­mar­ca­tion. As the is­land be­came set­tled in the 1860s and 1870s, this am­bi­gu­ity led to in­creas­ing fric­tion be­tween set­tlers. At­tem...

    The pre-war econ­omy of Kara­futo was based on fish­ing, forestry and agri­cul­ture, to­gether with ex­trac­tion of coal and pe­tro­leum. In terms of in­dus­try, the paper in­dus­try and the char­coal pro­duc­tion in­dus­try were well de­vel­oped. Kara­futo suf­fered from a labor short­age through most of its his­tory, and tax in­cen­tives were pro­vided to en­cour­age immigration.Dur­ing World War II, a large num­ber of Ko­re­ans were also forcibly re­lo­cated to Kara­futo. An ex­ten­sive rail­way net­work was con­structed in Kara­futo to sup­port the ex­trac­tion of nat­ural re­sources. The Kara­futo Rail­way Bureau(樺太鉄道局, Karafuto Tetsudōkyoku)main­tained 682.6 kilo­me­ters of track in four main lines, and an ad­di­tional 58.2 kilo­me­ters of track.

    Kara­futo was ad­min­is­tered from the cen­tral gov­ern­ment in Tokyo as the Kara­futo Agency(樺太庁, Karafuto-chō) under the Col­o­niza­tion Bureau(拓務局, Takumukyoku) of the Home Min­istry. The Col­o­niza­tion Bu­reau be­came the Min­istry of Colo­nial Af­fairs(拓務省, Takumushō) in 1923 at which time Kara­futo was of­fi­cially des­ig­nated an over­seas ter­ri­tory of the Em­pire of Japan. When the Min­istry of Colo­nial Af­fairs was ab­sorbed into the new Min­istry of Greater East Asia in 1942, the ad­min­is­tra­tion of Kara­futo was sep­a­rated, and Kara­futo be­came an in­te­gral part of the Japan­ese home is­lands.

    As of 1945, Kara­futo was di­vided into four sub­pre­fec­tures, which in turn were sub­di­vided into 11 dis­tricts, in turn di­vided into 41 mu­nic­i­pal­i­ties (one city, 13 towns, and 27 vil­lages) Kara­futo's largest city was Toy­ohara. Other major cities in­cluded Es­u­toru in the north cen­tral and Maokain the south cen­tral re­gion. The list below are the towns and the city of the pre­fec­ture. These in ital­ics are the cor­re­spond­ing cur­rent Russ­iannames. Es­u­toru Subprefecture (恵須取支庁) 1. Towns 1. 1.1. Chinnai (珍内町, Krasnogorsk) 1.2. Esutoru (恵須取町, Uglegorsk) 1.3. Nayoshi (名好町, Lesogorsk) 1.4. Tōro (塔路町, Shakhtyorsk) Maoka Subprefecture (真岡支庁) 1. Towns 1. 1.1. Honto (本斗町, Nevelsk) 1.2. Maoka (真岡町, Kholmsk) 1.3. Naihoro (内幌町, Gornozavodsk) 1.4. Noda (野田町, Chekhovo) 1.5. Tomarioru (泊居町, Tomari) Shikuka Subprefecture (敷香支庁) 1. Towns 1. 1.1. Shirutoru (知取町, Makarov) 1.2. Shikuka, Shisuka (敷香町, Poronaysk) Toy­ohara Subprefecture (豊原支庁) 1. City 1. 1.1. Toyohara (豊原市, Yuzhno-Sa...

    Sevela, Marie, "Sakhalin: The Japanese under Soviet rule". History and Memory, January 1998, pp. 41–46.
    Sevela, Marie, "Nihon wa Soren ni natta toki. Karafuto kara Saharin e no ikô 1945–1948". Rekishigakukenkû, 1995, no. 676, pp. 26–35, 63.
  2. Political divisions of Karafuto Prefecture - Wikipedia

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Between 1905 and 1945, the Japanese Empire administered the southern half of Sakhalin, using the name Karafuto (樺太). The area was designated a chō (廳), the same term given to Hokkaidō at the time. It is commonly referred to as Karafuto Prefecture in English.

  3. Sakhalin - Wikipedia

    Its Japanese name, Karafuto (樺太), supposedly comes from Ainu kamuy kar put ya mosir (カムイ・カラ・プト・ヤ・モシリ, shortened to Karput カラ・プト), which means "the island a god has created at the estuary (of the Amur River)".

  4. Karafuto Prefecture - The Reader Wiki, Reader View of Wikipedia

    The Japanese name Karafuto comes from Ainu kamuy kar put ya mosir, which means "the island a god has created on the estuary (of Amur River)". It was formerly known as Kita Ezo, meaning Northern Ezo (Ezo was the former name for Hokkaido). When the Japanese administered the prefecture, Karafuto usually meant Southern Sakhalin only.

  5. Karafuto Prefecture : definition of Karafuto Prefecture and ... Prefecture/en-en

    Karafuto Prefecture (樺太庁 Karafuto-chō?), commonly called South Sakhalin, was the Japanese administrative division corresponding to Japanese territory on Sakhalin from 1905 to 1945. Through the Treaty of Portsmouth, the portion of Sakhalin south of 50°N became a colony of Japan in 1905.

    • December 1 1945
    • Coat of arms
    • 1905 (-1907)
    • Toyohara
  6. Karafuto Fortress - Wikipedia

    The Karafuto Fortress was the defensive unit formed by the Karafuto fortification installations, and the Karafuto detachment of Japanese forces, the 88th Division. The headquarters was in Toyohara, capital of the province, based on the Suzuya plain, in the Southern Karafuto area, not far from the ports of Otomari and Maoka.

  7. Prefectures of Japan - Wikipedia

    Today, in turn, Japan uses its word ken (県), meaning "prefecture", to identify Portuguese districts while in Brazil the word "Prefeitura" is used to refer to a city hall. Those fiefs were headed by a local warlord or family.

  8. Sakhalin - Wikipedia

    Sakhalin (/ ˌ s æ k ə ˈ l iː n, ˌ s æ x-/ or / s ə ˈ k eɪ l ɪ n,-ˈ x eɪ-/; Russian: Сахали́н, tr. Sakhalín, IPA: [səxɐˈlʲin]; Japanese: 樺太 Karafuto) is the northernmost island of the Japanese archipelago and the largest island of the Russian Federation.

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