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  1. Harmony Society - Wikipedia › wiki › Harmony_Society
    • Origins in Germany
    • Settlements in The United States
    • Characteristics
    • Rise and Fall of Harmony Society
    • See Also
    • Bibliography
    • External Links

    Johann Georg Rapp (1757–1847), also known as George Rapp, was the founder of the religious sect called Harmonists, Harmonites, Rappites, or the Harmony Society. Born in Iptingen, Duchy of Württemberg, Germany, Rapp was a "bright but stubborn boy" who was also deeply religious. His "strong personality" and religious convictions began to concern local church authorities when he refused to attend church services or take communion. Rapp and his group of believers began meeting in Iptengen and eventually emigrated to the United States, where they established three communities: Harmony, Butler County, Pennsylvania; Harmony (later named New Harmony), Posey County, Indiana; and Economy, Beaver County, Pennsylvania. Rapp became inspired by the philosophies of Jakob Böhme, Philipp Jakob Spener, Johann Heinrich Jung, and Emanuel Swedenborg among others, and later wrote Thoughts on the Destiny of Man, published in German in 1824 and in English a year later, in which he outlined his ideas and ph...

    In 1804, while Rapp and his associates remained in the United States looking for a place to settle, his followers sailed to America aboard several vessels and made their way to western Pennsylvania, where they waited until land had been selected for their new settlement. Rapp was able to secure a large tract of land in Pennsylvania and started his first commune, known as Harmonie or Harmony, in Butler County, Pennsylvania, where the Society existed from 1804 to 1815. It soon grew to a population of about 800, and was highly profitable. Ten years later, the town was sold and the Harmonists moved westward to the Indiana Territory, where they established the town of Harmony, now called New Harmony, Indiana, and remained there from 1815 to 1825. The Indiana settlement was sold to Robert Owen and was renamed New Harmony. Ten years after the move to Indiana the commune moved again, this time returning to western Pennsylvania, and named their third and final town Economy ('Ökonomie' in Ger...

    Religious views

    In 1791 George Rapp said, "I am a prophet, and I am called to be one" in front of the civil affairs official in Maulbronn, Germany, who promptly had him imprisoned for two days and threatened with exile if he did not cease preaching. To the great consternation of church and state authorities, this mere peasant from Iptingen had become the outspoken leader of several thousand Separatists in the southern German duchy of Württemberg. By 1802 the Separatists had grown in number to about 12,000 an...


    The Harmony Society's architecture reflected their Swabian German traditions, as well as the styles that were being developed in America during the 19th century. In the early days of the Society, many of the homes were initially log cabins and later, Harmonist craftsmen built timber-frame homes. At Economy, their homes were mostly two-story brick houses "that showed the influence of their American neighbors."In general, Harmonist buildings, in addition to being sturdy and functional, were cen...

    Living styles

    At Harmony, Pennsylvania, four to six members were assigned to a home, where they lived as families, although not all those living in the household were related. Even when the house contained those that were married, they would live together as brother and sister, since there was a suggestion and custom of practicing celibacy. In Indiana, Harmonists continued to live in homes, but they also built dormitories to house single men and women. Society members woke between 5 a.m. and 6 a.m. They at...

    George Rapp had an eloquentstyle, which matched his commanding presence, and he was the personality that led the group through all the different settlements. After Rapp's death in 1847, a number of members left the group because of disappointment and disillusionment over the fact that his prophecies regarding the return of Jesus Christ in his lifetime were not fulfilled. However, many stayed in the group, and the Harmony Society went on to become an even more profitable business community that had many worldly financial successes under the leadership of Romelius L. Baker and Jacob Henrici. Over time the group became more protective of itself, did not allow many new members, moved further from its religious foundation to a more business-oriented and pragmatic approach, and the custom of celibacyeventually drained it of its membership. The land and financial assets of the Harmony Society were sold off by the few remaining members under the leadership of John Duss and his wife, Susanna...

    Arndt, Karl J. R. A Documentary History of the Indiana Decade of the Harmony Society 1814–1824. 2 vols. Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Society, 1975–78.
    Arndt, Karl J. R. Economy on the Ohio, 1826–1834: The Harmony Society During the Period of its Greatest Power and Influence and its Messianic Crisis; George Rapp's Third Harmony: A Documentary Hist...
    Arndt, Karl J. R. George Rapp's Harmony Society, 1785–1847. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1965.
    Arndt, Karl J. R. George Rapp's Re-Established Harmony Society: Letters and Documents of the Baker-Henrici Trusteeship, 1848–1868. New York: P. Lang, 1993.
    Old Economy Village museum in Old Economy, Pennsylvania, administered by the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, interpreting the history of the Harmony Society.
    The Harmony Museum of Harmony, Pennsylvania, operated by Historic Harmony, Inc.
    Historic New Harmony of New Harmony, Indiana, administered by the University of Southern Indiana and the Indiana State Museumand Historic Sites.
  2. Karl Rapp - Wikipedia › wiki › Karl_Friedrich_Rapp

    Karl Rapp and Julius Auspitzer founded Karl Rapp Motorenwerke GmbH with a capital stock of RM 200,000 on 29 April 1913 on the site of Flugwerke Deutschland (after the company went into liquidation). General Consul Auspitzer was the company's sole shareholder, with the operational side of the company managed by Karl Rapp.

  3. Karl Rapp Obituary - Knoxville, Tennessee - › obituary › show

    Karl Edwin Rapp, III of Knoxville, TN passed away on Wednesday March 14th, 2012. Karl was born May 14, 1941 in Lexington, Kentucky to Martha Wood Lee Rapp and Karl Edwin Rapp, II. He was preceded in death by his parents, his step-mother, Helen Stone Rapp, and his brother, Lane Jameson Rapp.

    • March 14, 2012
  4. Nov 01, 2018 · View Karl Rapp’s profile on LinkedIn, the world’s largest professional community. Karl has 4 jobs listed on their profile. See the complete profile on LinkedIn and discover Karl’s ...

    • Bosch Rexroth Corporation
  5. Joslyn Art Museum Omaha Nebraska | Art Museum, Art Classes ... › art-of-the-american-west

    Karl Bodmer (Swiss, 1809–1893), Mandan Buffalo Robe , n.d., watercolor on paper, 12 x 16 ¾ in.; 30.48 x 42.55 cm Gift of Enron Art Foundation, 1986.49.309 This watercolor is a copy by Bodmer of a robe painted by the Mandan chief Mató-Tópe.

  6. Karl Rapp Rotterdam Bv | See Recent Shipments | ImportGenius › suppliers › karl-rapp

    Jun 03, 2021 · US Customs Records Notifications available for Karl Rapp Rotterdam Bv, a supplier based in Dominican Republic. See exports to Henkel Loctite P.r., Inc.. Join ImportGenius to see the import/export activity of every company in the United States. Track your competitors, get freight forwarding leads, enforce exclusivity agreements, learn more about ...

  7. The BigRep PRO Makes its North American Premiere at AMUG ... › 2019/03/28 › the-bigrep

    Mar 28, 2019 · Tuesday, April 2 from 1:30 – 2:30 pm (Wilford A/B), “Speed, Precision and Connectivity for Factory 4.0” by Stephan Beyer, PhD, BigRep CEO, and Karl Rapp, Bosch Rexroth. Thursday, April 4 from 3 – 4 pm (Wilford C), “How Large-Scale Additive is Transforming Industries” by Frank Marangell, BigRep CBO, Ajmal Aqtash, Boyce Technologies ...

  8. Artist Biographies, Auction Results & Works for Sale › features › selectArtist

    Invaluable's Artist Database is the ultimate resource for art enthusiasts and collectors, offering you informational pages on over 500,000 international artists. The Fine Art database represents over 2 million works of art sold, or Upcoming at auction.

  9. History of BMW - Wikipedia › wiki › BMW_logo

    BMW's origins can be traced back to three separate German companies: Rapp Motorenwerke, Bayerische Flugzeugwerke and Automobilwerk Eisenach. The history of the name itself begins with Rapp Motorenwerke, an aircraft engine manufacturer which was established in 1913 by Karl Rapp.

  10. Vibrations – Chapter One of a History of BMW › 2016/01/13 › vibrations-chapter

    Jan 13, 2016 · The Rapp six cylinder would have been powerful enough for a Type III classification and there are existing pictures, taken in late 1916, of a group of Austro-Hungarian Marines standing in what ...

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