Edward IV (28 April 1442 – 9 April 1483) was King of England from 4 March 1461 to 3 October 1470, then again from 11 April 1471 until his death. He was a central figure in the Wars of the Roses, a series of civil wars in England fought between the Yorkist and Lancastrian factions between 1455 and 1487.
Edward IV, also called (until 1459) Earl of March, (born April 28, 1442, Rouen, France—died April 9, 1483, Westminster, England), king of England from 1461 until October 1470 and again from April 1471 until his death in 1483. He was a leading participant in the Yorkist-Lancastrian conflict known as the Wars of the Roses. Read More on This Topic
Edward IV of England was a king of England. He was born on April 28, 1442. He was King of England from March 4, 1461 until his death on April 9, 1483. Edward was the eldest of the four sons of Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York.
Jan 22, 2019 · "Edward IV (28 April 1442 – 9 April 1483) was King of England from 4 March 1461 until 3 October 1470, and again from 11 April 1471 until his death in 1483. He was the first Yorkist King of England.
Edward IV Plantagenet of York, King of England, 4th Duke of York, 9th Earl of Ulster, 7th Earl of March, 5th Earl of Cambridge, was born 28 April 1442 in Rouen, France to Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York (1411-1460) and Cecily Neville (1415-1495) and died 9 April 1483 in Westminster, England, United Kingdom of unspecified causes.
- 28 April 1442 Rouen, France
- Cecily Neville (1415-1495)
- 18 April 1483
- Battle of Towton and Edward’s ‘First’ Reign as King
- A King Overthrown
- The Battles of Barnet and Tewkesbury and Edward’s ‘Second’ Reign
- Overview of Edward The King
- The Final War of The Roses and A New Royal House
Having imprisoned the ineffectual Henry in March 1461, Edward and his supporters faced a formidable army raised by Margaret and the Lancastrians at the Battle of Towton, a small Yorkshire village, on 29th March 1461. Whilst Edward had gathered support from those nobles who were furious that Margaret had so openly defied the Act of Accord, the Yorkists were still heavily outnumbered. In the largest, bloodiest battle to take place during the War of the Roses, it was reputed that over half of the 50,000 Yorkist and Lancastrian soldiers lost their lives. In the end, Edward’s men were only able prevail in the battle when the Yorkist archers used the strong winds caused by the overhead snow storm to outdistance their opponents and eventually clinch victory, with Edward forcibly seizing the throne from the fleeing Henry. He would remain on the throne for the next nine years.
Whilst Edward had successfully claimed the throne, Margaret was still determined that Henry or his son should be reinstated as King. The Queen had been initially exiled to Scotland but following her move to France – and aided by King Louis XI – she hatched a plot to overthrow Edward with the unlikely allegiance of Edward’s previously staunch supporter, Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick. Warwick’s initially strong bond with Edward had deteriorated throughout the latter’s reign, particularly when Edward married Elizabeth Woodville, the widow of a Lancastrian supporter, rather than a queen of Neville’s choosing. Edward’s younger brother George, Duke of Clarence, was also recruited to the cause when his father-in-law Neville promised that he would be next in line to the throne after Edward of Westminster, should he support the Lancastrians against his brother. However, Neville had his own agenda for the throne and after marrying his daughter to Edward of Westminster he managed to overthr...
Henry’s restoration to the throne was unsurprisingly brief. Having unwisely provoked a war with Burgundy, the current Duke of Burgundy, Charles the Bold, resolutely sided with Edward and provided the support he needed to reclaim his throne less than six months later. With the support of Charles, his brother Richard, Duke of Gloucester and the once again ‘loyal’ George, Edward achieved a resounding victory at the Battle of Barnet, which was then a small town north of London, on 14th April 1471. It was here that Warwick fell, and less then a month later Henry’s son and heir, Edward of Westminster, was killed in action at the Battle of Tewkesbury on 4th May. Having lost his protectors, the imprisoned Henry is said to have died of melancholy, a deep sadness and despair, shortly afterwards on 21st May 1471. However, historians have argued that it is entirely probable his death was ordered by Edward IV once the threat of a stronger Lancastrian claimant, Edward of Westminster, had subsided...
Perhaps ironically, given that he came to power on the battlefield, Edward’s greatest achievement as King was to restore a sense of order to a country and government which had lost its sense of purpose during the chaotic and undisciplined days of Henry VI’s rule. Indeed his chosen royal motto was the Latin modus et ordo, which translates to method and order. By no means the perfect King – he was known to misjudge a number of political situations, particularly in relation to his duplicitous rival the French King, Louis XI – Edward will be remembered most famously as a successful military commander and the first Yorkist claimant to the throne to reign as King. Interestingly, he was also a flourishing businessman who had invested within the City of London’smost successful ventures.
Unfortunately the Yorkist dynasty was to outlive Edward for only two years. Edward’s son Edward V reigned for a very brief three months at the young age of thirteen before he and his younger brother, Richard of Shrewsbury, 1st Duke of York, were moved to the Tower of London and famously disappeared without a trace less than a year after Edward had died. Whilst rumours have circulated about their apparent demise over the years, the true reason for their disappearance (purported to be by order of their Uncle and ‘Protector’ Richard, Duke of Gloucester) has never been discovered. The next (and last) Yorkist to take the throne was Edward’s youngest brother Richard III, who was killed at the Battle of Bosworth near Leicestershire in 1485, thus also becoming the last of the Plantagenet kings. The English throne was then to pass to Henry Tudor, a Welsh claimant of distant relation to Edward III and son to Henry VI’s half brother Edmund, who became the last British King to claim the throne...
EDWARD IV, King of England, son of Richard, Duke of York, by Cicely Neville, was born at Rouen on the 28th of April 1442. As a boy he was styled Earl of March, and spent most of his time at Ludlow. After the Yorkist failure at Ludlow field in October 1459, Edward fled with the Earls of Salisbury and Warwick, his uncle and cousin, to Calais.
- No Safe Haven. Decades before his grandson Henry VIII was out upsetting the Catholic Church, his grandfather Edward IV made a holy faux-pas after the Battle of Tewkesbury.
- Lost in the Sauce for Good. Edward had his brother George “privately” executed for treason. It’s rumored George was drowned in a butt of Malmsey wine. Did privacy make it any less painful?
- Fool Me Twice, Shame on You. It was three strikes, you’re out for Edward’s brother, George. Six years after his second rebellion against Edward, the twice-forgiven George was arrested and found guilty of plotting against his oldest brother.
- Head Case. It’s strongly believed that Edward was behind the secret execution of the feeble Lancastrian King Henry VI. Of course, the “official” cause of death was listed as “melancholy.”
Edward IV (28 April 1442 9 April 1483) was King of England from 4 March 1461 until 2 October 1470, and again from 11 April 1471 until his death.
Edward IV was King of England from 4 March 1461 until 3 October 1470,and again from 11 April 1471 until his death in 1483. Edward IV was the first Yorkist King of England. Edward defeated the Lancastrians in a series of battles, culminating in the Battle of Towton in 1461.