Eric Magnusson (1268 – 15 July 1299) (Old Norse: Eiríkr Magnússon; Norwegian: Eirik Magnusson) was the King of Norway from 1280 until 1299.. Background. Eirik was the eldest surviving son of King Magnus the Lawmender of Norway, and his wife Ingeborg Eriksdatter, daughter of King Eric IV of Denmark.
Eric II the Memorable (Danish: Erik II Emune; c. 1090 – 18 September 1137) was king of Denmark between 1134 and 1137. Eric was an illegitimate son of Eric I of Denmark, who ruled Denmark from 1095 to 1103. Eric the Memorable rebelled against his uncle Niels of Denmark, and was declared king in 1134. He punished his adversaries severely, and ...
Eric II of Norway. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Eirik Magnusson (1268 – 15 July 1299) was the king of Norway from 1280 until 1299. He was the eldest surviving son of king Magnus the Lawmender of Norway, and his wife Ingeborg Eriksdatter, daughter of king Eric IV of Denmark.
Jan 11, 2013 · Margaret was the daughter of King Eric II of Norway and Margaret of Scotland who in turn was the daughter of Margaret Plantagenet of England and King Alexander III of Scotland. When Margaret of Scotland was twenty years old, she was sent to Norway according to the terms of a marriage agreement signed at Roxburgh on July 25, 1281 to be wed to ...
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She was finally betrothed to Eric II, king of Norway, in 1281. The intent was to ease the tensions that developed between Norway and Scotland in the previous decades. According to chroniclers, Margaret was against the match, but her father insisted.
The Danish king Harald Bluetooth had himself hailed as king of Norway after the Battle of Fitjar (c. 961). Besides gaining direct control of Viken in south-eastern Norway, he let Harald Greycloak rule the rest of Norway as king, nominally under himself.Name, reignBirth, parentsMarriages, issueDeathHarald III Sigurdsson Harald Hardrada 1046–1066c. 1015 Son of Sigurd Syr and Åsta Gudbrandsdatter(1) Elisiv of Kiev Two daughters (2) Tora Torbergsdatter (bigamously) Two sons25 September 1066 Stamford Bridge, England aged 50–51Magnus II Haraldsson 1066–1069c. 1049 Eldest son of Harald III and Tora TorbergsdatterNever married28 April 1069 Nidaros aged 19–20Olaf III Haraldsson Olaf Kyrre 1067–1093c. 1050 Youngest son of Harald III and Tora TorbergsdatterIngerid of Denmark No issue22 September 1093 Haukbø, Rånrike (now Håkeby, Sweden) aged 42–43Haakon Magnusson Haakon Toresfostre 1093–1094c. 1069 Illegitimate son of Magnus IINever married1095 Dovrefjell aged 25–26
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1. Main article: Fairhair dynasty Besides becoming sole king after his father's death, Eric Bloodaxe was king jointly with his father for three years before his death. After Harald's death, Eric ruled as "overking" of his brothers, who also held status as kings and had control over certain regions. Harald Greycloak also ruled as "overking" of his brothers. All dates for the kings of the Fairhair dynasty are approximate and/or just scholarly estimates. Slight differences might therefore occur...
House of Knýtlinga/Earl of Lade
1. Main articles: House of Knýtlinga and Earls of Lade The Danish king Harald Bluetooth had himself hailed as king of Norway after the Battle of Fitjar (c. 961). Besides gaining direct control of Viken in south-eastern Norway, he let Harald Greycloak rule the rest of Norway as king, nominally under himself. Harald Bluetooth later switched his support to Harald Greycloak's rival, Haakon Sigurdsson, Earl of Lade, who eventually captured Harald Greycloak's kingdom. Haakon thereafter ruled Norway...
House of Knýtlinga/Earls of Lade
1. Main articles: House of Knýtlinga and Earls of Lade After the Battle of Svolder, the Danes recaptured Norway under Sweyn Forkbeard. As before, the Danes controlled the petty kingdoms of Viken as vassals, while the two Earls of Lade, Eric Haakonsson and Sweyn Haakonsson, ruled Western Norway and Trøndelag, nominally as earls under Sweyn.Eric is generally held as the de facto ruler of Norway from 1000 to 1015, together with his brother Sweyn, a lesser known figure, with whom he shared his po...List of heads of government of NorwayList of Norwegian monarchs' coats of armsList of Norwegian monarchs' mottos
Eric Haraldsson (Old Norse: Eiríkr Haraldsson, Norwegian: Eirik Haraldsson; c. 885 – 954), nicknamed Eric Bloodaxe (Old Norse: Eiríkr blóðøx, Norwegian: Eirik Blodøks), was a 10th-century Norwegian ruler. It is widely speculated that he had short-lived terms as King of Norway and twice as King of Northumbria (c. 947–948 and 952–954).
Canute (I), Danish king of England (1016–35), of Denmark (as Canute II; 1019–35), and of Norway (1028–35), who was a power in the politics of Europe in the 11th century, respected by both emperor and pope. Neither the place nor the date of his birth is known. Canute was the grandson of the Polish
- in His Father’s Footsteps – Harald Fairhair Comes to Power
- Harald Fairhair Secures His Crown
- The War of Harald Fairhair’S Sons & Grandsons
- The Swords Never Sheathed
In Viking era Norway and Scandinavia, literacy was largely nonexistent, outside runic inscriptions. It only came to these lands with Christianity, and that means that there are few written sources from the early periods, other than the sagas - written centuries later. In the Viking society, great deeds and great heroeswere the subject of songs and tales - but only in oral form. Skaldic poetry was a great tradition of the north - skilled skalds (bards) were used by the kings to sing praises of their deeds, often creating larger than life figures. In a sense, good skalds were essential propaganda units in early medieval Scandinavia. And the king-to-be, Harald, knew this all too well. But even so, oral tradition tends to fade out in time, and the only written accounts mentioning Harald Fairhair - less than a dozen of them - were assembled substantially after his life and deeds had ended. The main sources are several sagas - chiefly the Heimskringla, which contain the Saga of Halfdan th...
Right from the get-go, young Harald and his uncle and protector, Guthorm, were under threat. With the death of Halfdan, the kingdoms he conquered could quite easily and quickly turn to revolt, seeking to retake their lost independence. The fact that worked against Harald is that the kingdom was not a single form – it was scattered and disconnected, and thus hard to manage. Soon enough, this came to pass, and young Harald Fairhair was to quickly discover the true meaning of kingship. His first opponent was Hake Gandalfsson, son of the deposed and killed King of Vingulmark, Gandalf Alfgeirsson. Hake’s brothers, Hysing and Helsing, were killed in battle years previously, by Halfdan the Black. Seeking vengeance, Hake – now considered a berserker – quickly sought to depose of young and seemingly inexperienced Harald. He assembled a vast army from Vestfold that numbered some 300 well-armed warriors. In early medieval Norway, this number was a large army and one tough to defeat. The saga t...
In the subsequent writings, two of Harald’s sons are mentioned – Erik Bloodaxe and Haakon the Good. The younger, Haakon, was sent to the court of King Athelstan in England – seemingly to remain safe or as a diplomatic hostage or envoy. Either way, he spent his youth in Anglo-Saxonand Danish England, while his older brother, Erik Bloodaxe, inherited the throne of Norway after his father Harald Fairhair died. By that time, Erik had grown sons of his own. Coin of Eric Bloodaxe, Harald Fairhair’s son who succeeded him as king. (PawełMM / Public Domain ) But soon after Erik became king, Haakon Haraldsson set sail from England in an attempt to seize the throne from his half-brother. Unlike the still pagan Erik and the rest of the Norway, Haakon took to the religion of the Anglo Saxons – he was a Christian. There is a possibility that Haakon’s expedition was backed by the English. Either way, Haakon landed in Norway and began securing his allies. He promised to end the taxation over inheri...
There is no doubt that the history of Norway and its beginnings as a nation was marked by the warlike and somewhat greedy nature of the Norsemen. True to their Viking lifestyle, their transition from seafaring warriors to traders was not smooth. Instead it was marked by wars and assassinations. But the importance of the shadowy and almost mythical figure of Harald Fairhair is important to remember. Top image: Representation of Harald Fairhair, the first King of Norway. Source: Fotokvadrat/ Adobe Stock. By Aleksa Vučković