Henry V (16 September 1386 – 31 August 1422), also called Henry of Monmouth, was King of England from 1413 until his death in 1422. Despite his relatively short reign, Henry's outstanding military successes in the Hundred Years' War against France made England one of the strongest military powers in Europe.
Henry V: A Pious King Prepares for War . Henry IV died in 1413, and the 26-year-old prince took the throne as Henry V. Conspiracies soon arose among his onetime friends to unseat him in favor of ...
Henry V, king of England (1413–22) of the house of Lancaster, son of Henry IV. As victor of the Battle of Agincourt (1415, in the Hundred Years’ War with France), he made England one of the strongest kingdoms in Europe. Learn more about Henry V in this article.
Oct 31, 2019 · The first years of Henry V’s rule saw two potential crises: a religious uprising led by the king’s former friend, Sir John Oldcastle, and a conspiracy aimed at deposing him in favor of another ...
- Meilan Solly
- 2 min
Mar 17, 2019 · The future Henry V was born Henry of Monmouth at Monmouth Castle into one of England's most powerful noble families. His parents were Henry Bolingbroke, Earl of Derby, a man who had once tried to curb the ambitions of his cousin, King Richard II, but now acted loyally, and Mary Bohun, heir to a rich chain of estates.
- Nobody knows when Henry V was born. Henry V was born at Monmouth castle, perched high above the River Monnow, but there is no record of his birth, and even the year is uncertain.
- He was in Ireland with Richard II when his father seized the throne. When his father, Henry Bolingbroke, seized the throne, the young Henry was in the custody of King Richard II as a hostage for his father’s good behaviour.
- His first battle was nearly his last. Henry’s first battle [before he was king] was not against the French, but the English. At Shrewsbury on 21 July 1403 the 16-year-old Henry, Prince of Wales, lined up alongside his father to face the forces of the rebel lord, Henry Percy.
- He learnt his military tactics in Wales. The tactics used by Henry V in his French wars were first tried out in Wales. At about the same time that he became Prince of Wales (aged 13), Owain Glyndwr began a violent rebellion against the English.
…the new king of England, Henry V, to claim the French throne for himself. Henry’s invasion of 1415, reminiscent of the campaign ending at Crécy, had the same result—at Agincourt the French suffered yet another major defeat, after which, characteristically, the English withdrew—but the civil war in France enabled Henry…
- That’s Gonna Hurt in the Morning! When Henry was 16 years old, he fought alongside his father at the Battle of Shrewsbury in 1403. Father and son were fighting the forces of Henry “Hotspur” Percy, presumably because they felt there were way too many men named Henry running around.
- Crap Slides Downhill, After All. One aspect of Henry’s great victory at Agincourt which never gets shown in the adaptations is the fact that most of the English archers went into battle wearing no pants!
- That’s Cold-Blooded! From July 1418 to January 1419, Henry laid siege to Rouen. As a result, the inhabitants soon ran out of food, and tried to send out thousands of the lower-class civilians to save food for the Rouen garrison.
- The Lesser-Known Brother. Despite Henry’s successful campaigns in France during the late 1410s, it wasn’t all sunshine and rainbows for the English cause.
Under the treaty of Troyes, Henry will become King of France on the death of Charles VI. 1421: Birth of Prince Henry, later Henry VI. 1422: Henry V dies in France of dysentery before he can succeed to the French throne. King Charles VI of France dies the following month, leaving Henry VI, Henry’s 10-month-old son, as King of France and England.
Now, the 1-year-old Henry was King of England and France. Henry VI would grow up in the shadow of his father’s glory — for more on that, read Shakespeare’s King Henry VI Parts 1, 2, and 3 .