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  1. History of Hungary - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Tourkia_(Hungary)

    The treaties of Saint-Germain-en-Laye and Trianon detached around 72% of the territory of the Kingdom of Hungary, ceded to Czechoslovakia, Kingdom of Romania, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, First Austrian Republic, Second Polish Republic and the Kingdom of Italy.

  2. Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Magyar_invasion_of_Pannonia

    The Hungarians invaded Italy using the so-called "Route of the Hungarians" (Strada Ungarorum) leading from Pannonia to Lombardy in 904. They arrived as King Berengar I 's allies [241] against his rival, King Louis of Provance .

  3. Hungary - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Hongarije

    Hungary (Hungarian: Magyarország [ˈmɒɟɒrorsaːɡ] ()) is a country in Central Europe. Spanning 93,030 square kilometres (35,920 sq mi) in the Carpathian Basin, it borders Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Romania to the east and southeast, Serbia to the south, Croatia and Slovenia to the southwest, and Austria to the west.

  4. Kingdom of Hungary (1920–1946) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Kingdom_of_Hungary_(1920-1944)

    The Kingdom of Hungary, sometimes referred to as the Regency or the Horthy era, existed as a country from 1920 to 1946 under the rule of Regent Miklós Horthy. Horthy nominally represented the Hungarian monarchy. In reality there was no king. Attempts by Charles IV to return to the throne were prevented by Horthy. Hungary under Horthy was characterized by its conservative, nationalist and fiercely anti-communist character. The government was based on an unstable alliance of conservatives and ...

  5. History of the Jews in Hungary - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Hungarian_Jew

    The history of the Jews in Hungary dates back to at least the Kingdom of Hungary, with some records even predating the Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin in 895 CE by over 600 years. Written sources prove that Jewish communities lived in the medieval Kingdom of Hungary and it is even assumed that several sections of the heterogeneous ...

  6. Kingdom of Hungary — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2

    wiki2.org › en › Kingdom_of_Hungary
    • Names
    • Origins
    • Middle Ages
    • Early Modern History
    • Austria-Hungary
    • Transitions
    • Between 1920 and 1946
    • See Also
    • Further Reading

    The Latin forms Re­gnum Hungariae or Un­ga­rie (Re­gnum mean­ing king­dom); Re­gnum Ma­ria­num (King­dom of Mary); or sim­ply Hun­ga­ria, were the names used in of­fi­cial doc­u­ments in Latin from the be­gin­ning of the king­dom to the 1840s. The Ger­man name Kö­nig­reich Ungarn was used of­fi­cially from 1784 to 1790and again be­tween 1849 and the 1860s. The Hun­gar­ian name (Ma­gyar Királyság) was used in the 1840s, and then again from the 1860s to 1946. The non-of­fi­cial Hun­gar­ian name of the king­dom was Ma­gyar­or­szág,which is still the col­lo­quial, and also the of­fi­cial name of Hungary. The names in the other na­tive lan­guages of the king­dom were: Pol­ish: Kró­le­stwo Węgier, Ro­man­ian: Regatul Ungariei, Ser­bian: Kraljevina Ugarska, Croa­t­ian: Kraljevina Ugarska, Slovene: Kra­lje­vi­na Ogrska, Slo­vak: Uhor­ské kráľovstvo, and Ital­ian (for the city of Fiume), Regno d'Ungheria. In Aus­tria-Hun­gary (1867–1918), the un­of­fi­cial name Tran­slei­tha­nia was some­tim...

    The Hun­gar­i­ans led by Árpád set­tled the Carpathian Basin in 895, es­tab­lished Prin­ci­pal­ity of Hun­gary (896–1000). The Hun­gar­i­ans led sev­eral suc­cess­ful in­cur­sions to West­ern Eu­rope, until they were stopped by Otto I, Holy Roman Em­peror in Bat­tle of Lech­feld.

    High Middle Ages

    The prin­ci­pal­ity was suc­ceeded by the Chris­t­ian King­dom of Hun­gary with the coro­na­tion of St Stephen I (son of prin­ci­pal Géza. Orig­i­nally called Vajk until bap­tized) at Es­zter­gom on Christ­mas Day 1000. The first kings of the king­dom were from the Árpád dy­nasty. He fought against Koppány and in 998, with Bavar­ian help, de­feated him near Veszprém. The Catholic Church re­ceived pow­er­ful sup­port from Stephen I, who with Chris­t­ian Hun­gar­i­ans and Ger­man knights wanted...

    Late Middle Ages

    The Árpád dy­nasty died out in 1301 with the death of An­drew III. Sub­se­quently, Hun­gary was ruled by the Angevins until the end of the 14th cen­tury, and then by sev­eral non-dy­nas­tic rulers - no­tably Sigis­mund, Holy Roman Em­peror and Matthias Corv­i­nus- until the early 16th cen­tury.

    The divided kingdom

    Due to a se­ri­ous de­feat by the Ot­tomans (Bat­tle of Mohács) the cen­tral au­thor­ity col­lapsed. The ma­jor­ity of Hun­gary's rul­ing elite elected John Zápolya (10 No­vem­ber 1526). A small mi­nor­ity of aris­to­crats sided with Fer­di­nand I, Holy Roman Em­peror, who was Arch­duke of Aus­tria, and was re­lated to Louis by mar­riage. Due to pre­vi­ous agree­ments that the Hab­s­burgs would take the Hun­gar­ian throne if Louis died with­out heirs, Fer­di­nand was elected king by a rump di...

    The Kuruc age

    Rákóczi's War for In­de­pen­dence (1703–1711) was the first sig­nif­i­cant free­dom fight in Hun­gary against ab­so­lutist Hab­s­burg rule. It was fought by a group of no­ble­men, wealthy and high-rank­ing pro­gres­sives who wanted to put an end to the in­equal­ity of power re­la­tions, led by Fran­cis II Rákóczi (II. Rákóczi Fer­enc in Hun­gar­ian). Its main aims were to pro­tect the rights of the dif­fer­ent so­cial or­ders, and to en­sure the eco­nomic and so­cial de­vel­op­ment of the cou...

    Age of Enlightenment

    In 1711, Aus­trian Em­peror Charles VI be­came the next ruler of Hun­gary. Through­out the 18th cen­tury, the King­dom of Hun­gary had its own diet (par­lia­ment) and con­sti­tu­tion, but the mem­bers of the Gov­er­nor's Coun­cil (Hely­tartótanács, the of­fice of the pala­tine) were ap­pointed by the Hab­s­burg monarch, and the su­pe­rior eco­nomic in­sti­tu­tion, the Hun­gar­ian Cham­ber, was di­rectly sub­or­di­nated to the Court Cham­ber in Vi­enna. The Hun­gar­ian lan­guage re­form starte...

    Fol­low­ing the Aus­tro-Hun­gar­ian Com­pro­mise of 1867, the Hab­s­burg Em­pire be­came the "dual monar­chy" of Aus­tria-Hun­gary. The Aus­tro-Hun­gar­ian econ­omy changed dra­mat­i­cally dur­ing the ex­is­tence of the Dual Monar­chy. Tech­no­log­i­cal change ac­cel­er­ated in­dus­tri­al­iza­tion and ur­ban­iza­tion. The cap­i­tal­ist way of pro­duc­tion spread through­out the Em­pire dur­ing its fifty-year ex­is­tence and ob­so­lete me­dieval in­sti­tu­tions con­tin­ued to dis­ap­pear. By the early 20th cen­tury, most of the Em­pire began to ex­pe­ri­ence rapid eco­nomic growth. The GNP per capitagrew roughly 1.45% per year from 1870 to 1913. That level of growth com­pared very fa­vor­ably to that of other Eu­ro­pean na­tions such as Britain (1.00%), France (1.06%), and Ger­many (1.51%). The lands of the Hun­gar­ian Crown (com­pris­ing the King­dom of Hun­gary proper, into which Tran­syl­va­nia was fully in­cor­po­rated, and the King­dom of Croa­tia–Slavo­nia, which main­tained a...

    Two short-lived republics

    The Hun­gar­ian So­viet Republic or Hun­gar­ian Re­pub­lic of Councils (Hun­gar­ian: Ma­gyar­or­szá­gi Tanácsköztársaság or Mag­yarországi Szo­cial­ista Szövetséges Tanácsköztársaság) was a short-lived in­de­pen­dent com­mu­nist state es­tab­lished in Hun­gary. It lasted only from 21 March until 1 Au­gust 1919. The state was led by Béla Kun and was not rec­og­nized by France, the UK or the US. It was the sec­ond so­cial­ist state in the world to be formed after the Oc­to­ber Rev­o­lu­tion in...

    Treaty of Trianon

    The new bor­ders set in 1920 by the Treaty of Tri­anon ceded 72% of the ter­ri­tory of the King­dom of Hun­gary to the neigh­bour­ing states. The main ben­e­fi­cia­ries were Ro­ma­nia, the newly formed states of Czecho­slo­va­kia, and the King­dom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, but also Aus­tria, Poland and Italy gained smaller ter­ri­to­ries. The areas that were al­lo­cated to neigh­bour­ing coun­tries in total (and each of them sep­a­rately) pos­sessed a ma­jor­ity of non-Hun­gar­ian pop­u­...

    Interwar period

    After the pull­out of oc­cu­pa­tion forces of Ro­ma­nia in 1920 the coun­try went into civil con­flict, with Hun­gar­ian anti-com­mu­nists and monar­chists purg­ing the na­tion of com­mu­nists, left­ists and oth­ers by whom they felt threat­ened.Later in 1920, a coali­tion of right-wing po­lit­i­cal forces united, and re­in­stated Hun­gary's sta­tus as a con­sti­tu­tional monar­chy. Se­lec­tion of the new King was de­layed due to civil in­fight­ing, and a re­gent was ap­pointed to rep­re­sent...

    During World War II 1941–1945

    After being granted part of south­ern Czecho­slo­va­kia and Sub­carpathia by the Ger­mans and Ital­ians in the First Vi­enna Award of 1938, and then north­ern Tran­syl­va­nia in the Sec­ond Vi­enna Award of 1940, Hun­gary par­tic­i­pated in their first mil­i­tary ma­neu­vers on the side of the Axis pow­ers in 1941. Thus, the Hun­gar­ian army was part of the in­va­sion of Yu­goslavia, gain­ing some more ter­ri­tory and join­ing the Axis pow­ers in the process. On 22 June 1941, Ger­many in­vade...

    Transitioning into a republic

    Fol­low­ing its oc­cu­pa­tion of Hun­gary in 1944, the So­viet Union im­posed harsh con­di­tions al­low­ing it to seize im­por­tant ma­te­r­ial as­sets and con­trol in­ter­nal affairs. After the Red Army set up po­lice or­gans to per­se­cute class en­e­mies, the So­vi­ets as­sumed that the im­pov­er­ished Hun­gar­ian pop­u­lace would sup­port the com­mu­nists in the com­ing elections. The com­mu­nists fared poorly, re­ceiv­ing only 17% of the vote, re­sult­ing in a coali­tion gov­ern­ment und...

    Engel, Pál. The Realm of St Stephen: A History of Medieval Hungary, 895-1526. (2001).
    Frucht, Richard. Encyclopedia of Eastern Europe: From the Congress of Vienna to the Fall of Communism (2000) online edition
    Hoensch, Jörg K., and Kim Traynor. A History of Modern Hungary, 1867–1994 (1996) online edition
    Hanak, Peter et al. A History of Hungary(1994)
  7. History of Slovakia - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Slovakia

    From 1526 to 1830, nineteen Habsburg sovereigns went through coronation ceremonies as Kings and Queens of the Kingdom of Hungary in St. Martin's Cathedral. After the Ottoman invasion, the territories that had been administered by the Kingdom of Hungary became, for almost two centuries, the principal battleground of the Turkish wars. The region suffered due to the wars against the Ottoman expansion.

  8. Hungarian Defence Forces - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Hungarian_Revolutionary_Army

    The Hungarian Defence Forces (Hungarian: Magyar Honvédség) is the national defence force of Hungary. Since 2007, the Hungarian Armed Forces is under a unified command structure. The Ministry of Defence maintains the political and civil control over the army. A subordinate Joint Forces Command is coordinating and commanding the HDF corps.

  9. Hungary in World War I — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2

    wiki2.org › en › Hungary_in_World_War_I

    At the outbreak of World War I in August 1914, Hungary was part of the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary. Although there are no significant battles specifically connected to Hungarian regiments, the troops suffered high losses throughout the war as the Empire suffered defeat after defeat. The result was the breakup of the Empire and eventually Hungary suffered severe territorial losses by the ...

  10. Kingdom of hungaryball | Polandball Wikia | Fandom

    polandball.fandom.com › hr › wiki

    Main article: Kingdom of Hungary (1301–1526) The Árpád dynasty died out in 1301 with the death of Andrew III. Subsequently, Hungary was ruled by the Angevins until the end of the 14th century, and then by several non-dynastic rulers – notably Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor and Matthias Corvinus – until the early 16th century.

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