Kraków (/ ˈ k r æ k aʊ,-k oʊ /, also US: / ˈ k r eɪ k-, ˈ k r ɑː k aʊ /, UK: / ˈ k r æ k ɒ f /, Polish: ), written in English as Krakow and traditionally known as Cracow, is the second-largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland. Situated on the Vistula River in Lesser Poland Province, the city dates back to the 7th century.
The post-war border between Germany and Poland along the Oder–Neisse line was defined in August 1945 by the Potsdam Agreement of the leaders of the three Allied Powers, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States; and was formally recognized by East Germany in 1950, by the Treaty of Zgorzelec, under pressure from Stalin.
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Pskov still attracted enemy armies and it withstood a prolonged siege by a 50,000-strong Polish-Lithuanian army during the final stage of the Livonian War (1581–1582). The king of Poland Stephen Báthory undertook some thirty-one attacks to storm the city, which was defended mainly by civilians. Even after one of the city walls was broken ...
A pogrom is a violent riot aimed at the massacre or expulsion of an ethnic or religious group, particularly one aimed at Jews. The Slavic-languages term originally entered the English language to describe 19th- and 20th-century attacks on Jews in the Russian Empire (mostly within the Pale of Settlement).
- Predominantly Jews
Henderson, J.P. 2000: Military geography of the Civil War: the Blue Ridge and Valley and Ridge province. In Palka, E.J. and Galgano, F.A. , editors, The scope of military geography: across the spectrum from peacetime to war. New York: McGraw-Hill, 53-73. Google Scholar
- Rachel Woodward
We have extracted information on bird migration from 84 weather radars operated by the (hydro‐) meteorological agencies of Sweden, Germany, Finland, France, the Netherlands, Czech Republic, Slovenia, Poland, Belgium, Portugal, Catalonia and Bulgaria between 19 September and 9 October 2016.
Oct 01, 2020 · A small number of secondary cities, traditionally considered regional airports but now large enough to be deemed primary ones, greatly benefited from the expansion of LCCs towards until then untapped markets, such as Porto (OPO) in Portugal, Valencia (VLC) in Spain, Eindhoven (EIN) in the Netherlands, and Krakow (KRK) and Gdansk (GDN) in Poland.
Sep 01, 2019 · On a local scale, the reprocessing plant in Karlsruhe (Wiederaufarbeitungsanlage Karlsruhe: WAK), Germany, located in the Rhine valley, operated from 1970 to 1990 but releases were generally 1–2 orders of magnitude lower than those from the large reprocessing facilities in La Hague, France, or Sellafield, UK (Levin et al., 1994).
May 22, 2020 · Poland. Poland has adopted various policies that were aimed at quotas [Republic of Poland, 1967, 1991, 1997c] and anti‐discrimination [Republic of Poland, 1952, 1997a, 1997b, 1996, 2004, 2010]. No set percentage was established in the 1967 Ordinance for the intake of those disabled workers.
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