- 1. the language of ancient Rome and its empire, widely used historically as a language of scholarship and administration.
- 2. a native or inhabitant of a country whose language developed from Latin, especially a Latin American.
- 1. relating to or in the Latin language: "Latin poetry"
- 2. relating to the countries or peoples using languages, especially Spanish, that developed from Latin: "Mexico and other Latin countries"
Latin (lingua Latīna, [ˈlɪŋɡʷa laˈtiːna] or Latīnum, [laˈtiːnʊ̃]) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.Latin was originally a dialect spoken in the lower Tiber area (then known as Latium) around present-day Rome, but through the power of the Roman Republic it became the dominant language in the Italian region and subsequently ...
Latin language, Latin lingua Latina, Indo-European language in the Italic group and ancestral to the modern Romance languages. Originally spoken by small groups of people living along the lower Tiber River, Latin spread with the increase of Roman political power, first throughout Italy and then throughout most of western and southern Europe and the central and western Mediterranean coastal ...
Latin: [adjective] of, relating to, or composed in Latin. romance.
- Current Usage
- Writing Latin
- After The Fall of The Roman Empire
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Latin is called a dead language because no one speaks Latin as a first language anymore. Although it is a dead language, it is not an extinct languagebecause it is still used in daily life by some people. In fact, many people still study it in school. Latin is still useful because it shows how society works. Knowing Latin makes it easier to learn t...
There are three types of Latin: Classical Latin, Vulgar Latin, and Ecclesiastical Latin. Classical Latin was used by the educated Romans and is still studied around the world. Vulgar Latin was the more common spoken variety used by the common Romans and was learned by the peoples conquered by the Romans. Ecclesiastical Latin is common in Italian sc...
Latin has a similar inflection structure to Ancient Greek but a different alphabet. Latin has seven different noun cases: nominative, vocative, accusative, genitive, dative, ablative and locative. The vocative case is almost always the same as the nominative case; however, if the nominative ends in -us, it changes to -e, and if the nominative ends ...
Latin used to be written on plates of wax. There was little space and so words were run together, with no space between words. Sometimes papyrus was used, but this was expensive. Punctuation was an ancient idea but came to Latin later. Lowercase letters (small letters) are relatively modern inventions. The Roman alphabet was derived from the Etrusc...
After the fall of the Roman Empire, many people still used Latin. Scholars such as Thomas Aquinas, Petrarch, Erasmus, Luther, Copernicus, Descartes and Newton wrote in Latin. As an example, Hugo Grotius published his De jure belli ac pacis (On the Law of War and Peace) in 1625, which is one of the bases of international law.Ainsworth, Robert (1830). A new abridgment of Ainsworth's Dictionary, English and Latin, by J. Dymock.Post-Classical Latin (including Medieval and Neo-Latin) Archived 2011-01-13 at the Wayback MachineBeginners' Latin on http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/Glossarium Anglico-Latinum Archived 2012-11-13 at the Wayback Machinehaving many modern words
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The Latins were an ancient Italic people of the Latium region in central Italy ( Latium Vetus, "Old Latium"), in the 1st millennium BC. Although they lived in independent city-states, they spoke a common language ( Latin ), held common religious beliefs, and shared a sense of kinship, expressed in the myth that all Latins descend from Latinus.