The Republic of Lebanon (Arabic: لبنان) is a small country (10,452km² in area) with 3.7 million inhabitants) within the Middle East region with its capital being Beirut. It has a long coastline on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and shares a long land border with its much larger neighbour Syria to the north and the east, a much shorter (and currently \\"hot\\") border with Israel to the south.
Lebanon is a country with a long and rich history. Phoenician, Egyptian, Greek, Persian, Roman, Arab, Crusader, and Ottoman ruins are scattered about the country and the most important of them are easily accessible. Byblos, Beirut, Tyre and Sidon are among the oldest continuously populated cities in the world. There are Roman baths in Beirut, as well as the Cardio Maximus - to name a few. Byblos is also rich in Crusader ruins and for a small fee you can view them (they are located near the bazaar). There are a lot of ancient mosques, synagogues, and churches in Lebanon. Also be sure to visit the Place des Martyrs (Martyrs' Square) in Beirut, a statue erected in memory of the Lebanese nationalists who were hanged by the Ottomans for revolting during the first World War.
The people of Lebanon comprise a wide variety of ethnic groups and religions, with the majority split between Christians (Maronite, Greek Orthodox, Greek-Catholic Melkites, Armenians, Protestant etc), Muslims (Shi'a, Sunni, Alawites) and Druzes. The most recent demographics study, conducted by Statistics Lebanon indicate that Muslims make up 54% of Lebanese population, 40.5% are Christians, and approximately 5.5% are Druze. Other groups include a large number of Syrian refugees (between 1,200,000 and 1,600,000 as of spring 2015) and Palestinian refugees in the country (over 250,000).
Lebanon has a temperate Mediterranean climate, with hot, dry summers and cold, wet winters. It is generally considered very rainy and mild in comparison to its more arid neighbors. Summer is usually the most popular time for people to visit, as there is virtually no rain between June and August, and the temperatures range between about 20-30°C (68-86°F). However, there can be occasional heat waves with the temperature rising above 30°C, and generally, it can be very humid along the coast line during the summer months. It is much drier and much cooler in the mountains, and many Lebanese tend to visit and vacation in the mountains during the summer if they wish to escape the heat and humidity of the coastline. Autumn and spring (18-24°C) are also good times to visit, with a bit more rain, but without the tourist crowds attracted in summer, and also with considerably less humidity and cooler temperatures. Snow falls for a large part of winter in the mountain regions that form a large portion of the country, and there are numerous ski resorts. However, the coast is still relatively mild, with maximums rarely falling below 13°C (55°F), although it can fall much lower than that and has on many occasions. Temperatures lower than 8°C or higher than 18°C are rare in the coast during winter. Summers rarely exceed 32°C. Temperatures are a lot cooler in the more mountainous areas. The average annual temperature for the entire country is 16°C, dropping to -7°C in February, the coldest month, and rising to 28°C in August, the warmest month.
Lebanon is 2 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT), and observes daylight savings from end-March to end-October.
All in all, Beirut, Lebanon's capital city, is a vibrant metropolis with enough diversions that any city lover would look for, ranking it among the Middle East's top tourist destinations. Being perched on the shore of the Mediterranean Sea, Beirut has a climate that is perfect for year round visits, as it experiences all 4 seasons.
Beirut has something to offer most tastes, from roadside à la Parisienne coffee shops to rooftop open air cafes, as well as a variety of shopping venues.
Foreign nationals of the following countries/territories can enter Lebanon visa-free, as long as they present a valid passport, are holding a telephone number and address in the Republic of Lebanon and a non-refundable return or circle trip ticket:
All other nationals not listed or not falling into the categories above must apply for a visa at an embassy or a general consulate of the Republic of Lebanon.
The easiest way to renew a tourist visa is to leave the country and come back the day after. Due to the Syrian question, the only way to currently do this is to fly to Cyprus or Turkey, which are the cheapest destinations.
After these 2 months, if you don't leave the country (or get a work permit), you will have to regularise your situation with Sureté Générale's offices in Beirut. (This is a special building - don't go to the main office on Damas St - ask the guards for the precise address.) There, to be allowed to leave the country, you'll have to pay a LBP50,000 (USD30) fee, which will grant you 7 days to leave the country. (Information dated May 2012)
Beirut International Airport (BEY), is located 5km (3 mi) south of the city centre) - Middle East Airlines  services daily to Abidjan, Abu Dhabi, Accra, Amman, Athens, Cairo, Cologne, Copenhagen, Dammam, Doha, Dubai, Frankfurt, Geneva, Istanbul-Ataturk, Jeddah, Kano, Kuwait, Lagos, Larnaca, London-Heathrow, Milan-Malpensa, Nice, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Riyadh and Rome-Fiumicino, Warsaw-Okęcie.
There is a weekly, seasonal ferry available that runs between Tripoli (North Lebanon) and Tasucu in Turkey. Lebanon is a small country and it is possible to drive from north to south in under 3 hours. The main means of transport are buses, service taxis, taxis and private cars. The streets in and around Beirut often are congested and traffic jam can occur any time which makes it difficult to estimate the time of travel in advance. Lebanon's towns are well connected by frequently running buses, though it is difficult to find a bus going to smaller mountain towns. The bus fares are surprisingly cheap and are usually not open to negotiation. Most buses for north Lebanon depart from the Dora roundabout east of Beirut and from Charles Helou Station (east of Downtown), while most buses to regions south and east of Beirut (including Damascus and Baalbek) depart from the Cola \\"Station\\" (which is really an intersection adjacent to the Cola bridge/overpass). Besides the big buses there are also minivans which often go to the same destinations as the big buses but some destinations, for example the Beqa', are only served by minivans.
For short distances and within towns or villages there often are \\"service\\" taxis. Those taxis often operate like buses on set routes between towns, though they can be hired to visit other places with some negotiation. Each taxi carries up to between 4 (inside metropolitan areas) to 6 (longer distances) passengers, who share the fare between them. The fare usually is 2000 LL (Lebanese Lira) for inner-city distances (June 2015) but might be different for distances between towns and it increases depending on both distance to be travelled and of course, like everything in Lebanon, persuasion/negotiation skills. A private taxi ride, without sharing it with other passengers is similar to a \\"service\\" taxi in that the same pre-negotiation is required to determine the fare, and as a rule of thumb costs the same as a fully loaded \\"service\\" taxi (the fare * number of passengers).
Taxis and \\"service\\" taxis are physically the same, and the mode of operation depends on the availability of passengers and their demands and the willingness of the driver to go as \\"service\\".
Car rental is relatively expensive in Lebanon compared to elsewhere in the region. Reasonable, if not exactly cheap rates can, however, be found with perseverance and negotiation and - once you have your rental - fuel is easy to get. Be warned, however, that fuel is not cheap, with fuel prices being among the most affected by inflation.
Lebanon's roads are generally in fair condition but Lebanese drivers are not known for their caution. Exercise extreme caution when driving in Lebanon. Driving in Lebanon should be considered an extreme activity for drivers accustomed to safe driving. Street names are virtually non-existent. Mountain driving is particularly hazardous, often involving narrow highly perched roads. Traffic, especially in major cities like Beirut and Tripoli, and on the highway from Beirut to Jounieh, can be extremely crowded and time-consuming, turning a normally 20 minute trip into over an hour during peak times.
The official language of Lebanon is Standard Arabic, and the native language Lebanese Arabic, which is similar to (but not indistinguishable from) the Arabic of Syria, Jordan and the Palestinian territories. Almost all Lebanese understand Standard Arabic but might reply in Lebanese Arabic. English is widely spoken, especially by the youth and in the business and scientific sectors. A good percentage of the population speak fluent French. The use of French dates back to the French mandate of the area in the first half of the 1900's. Currently, however, English is more widespread than French. The French language remains strong in some areas, such as the north of Beirut. The use of formal Arabic by Lebanon's educated youth in dialogue is declining, as some usually prefer to speak in English or French, which are seen as more fashionable. In general, the older generation has a larger percentage of French-speaking abilities than the younger generation, while the shift is transferring to an English speaking majority with substantial triple-language speaking educated citizens.
Most of Lebanon's secondary schools use both English and French as the medium of instruction, but recently over the past decade, English has become more widely used.
- total: 10,452km², water: 170km², land: 10,230km²
- Parliamentary republic with a power-sharing mechanism based on religious communities
- Lebanese pound (LBP) (Also called Lira - lērä - [LL]), (US dollars widely accepted)
Aug 11, 2020 · Following World War II, Lebanon gained its independence from France and Beirut became its capital in 1943 - Bechara El-Khoury and Riad El-Solh, Lebanon's first president and prime minister respectively, are considered the founders of the modern Republic of Lebanon and national heroes. Beirut thrived as a major commercial and tourist center of the Middle East.
- Stay Safe
While "Mount Lebanon" is a reference point for the mountains behind Beirut for both visitors and Lebanese alike, the region is a diverse collection of micro-regions encompassing:
English and French are widely understood in this region, with many locals being familiar in communicating with tourists and visitors (partly because the area has such a large number of expatriates now living in the US, Australia, Canada, France and west Africa). The larger towns (Beit Mery, Broumanna, Bikfaya and Aley) are relatively indistinguishable from Beirut in standards of dress and behaviour, meaning there is no real need for formality (although it is often well received). Albeit the smaller towns tend to be more conservative, there is no real need to change standards of dress unless visiting churches, religous shrines, and temples. All of the larger towns have well established tourist infrastructure - internet cafes are widespread and by western standards cheap (less than LL 5000 (USD $3) per hour).
This is probably one of the safer areas in which to travel in Lebanon, if not the Levant as a whole. However, scammers and pickpockets are known to frequent the Gold Market and central square at Bhamdoun, using distraction to relieve others of their goods - exercise common sense and avoid anyone seen to be loitering; do not respond to any calls for attention. Troubles in neighbouring Syria have seen an exodus of (often harmless) beggars to the larger hill towns outside Beirut, including Aley. This is more of a nuissance than a danger. If in need of directions, always ask at a local shop (of which there are many lining the roads).
Jul 15, 2019 · Tripoli (Arabic: Trablus طرابلس) is an old city in northern Lebanon.It is the largest city in Northern Lebanon, and is Lebanon's second capital, with a population of nearly 530,000 (metro area).
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Jul 02, 2013 · Lebanon Theatre Company, 120 E. South Street, +1 513 228-0932,. Professional local shows offer an "off the beaten path" theater experience with a visit to the LTC, which was voted one of Ohio's "Local Secrets, Big Finds" by Travelocity members. Lebanon Symphony Orchestra and Chorus, +1 513 228-0346,.
Saved from wikitravel.org. Lebanon. August 2020. See also War zone safety }} Saved by Ray xinapray Ray. 13. Soft Power Lebanon Tourism Middle East Map Baalbek Country ...
Oct 18, 2019 · Sidon (Arabic: Saida صَيْدا) is in a city in Lebanon. The people (population: 100,000) are largely Sunni Muslims. Get in . There are buses from and to Beirut, Tyre, Nabatiyeh and more destinations. The bus station in Saida is just north of the city center. Buses from Beirut depart at Cola and shouldn't cost more than LL 4000 (June 2015).
Jan 19, 2020 · Byblos is a true microcosm of the civilizations that have populated Lebanon over the millenia. Arguably believed to be one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, the modern port city of Byblos is built upon multiple layers of ruins, dating back to as early as the Stone Age and extending to the more recent Ottoman days.
Hello,my first post! i often travel to beirut and would like to know what people here think of the beirut section in wikitravel. has anyone looked up information on…