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      • Arthur is a central figure in the legends making up the Matter of Britain. The legendary Arthur developed as a figure of international interest largely through the popularity of Geoffrey of Monmouth 's fanciful and imaginative 12th-century Historia Regum Britanniae ( History of the Kings of Britain ).
      en.wikipedia.org/wiki/king_Arthur#:~:text=Arthur%20is%20a%20central%20figure%20in%20the%20legends,%28%20History%20of%20the%20Kings%20of%20Britain%20%29.
  1. King Arthur - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_Arthur

    King Arthur (Welsh: Brenin Arthur, Cornish: Arthur Gernow, Breton: Roue Arzhur) was a legendary British leader who, according to medieval histories and romances, led the defence of Britain against Saxon invaders in the late 5th and early 6th centuries. The details of Arthur's story are mainly composed of folklore and literary invention, and ...

  2. King Arthur | Story & History | Britannica

    www.britannica.com/topic/King-Arthur

    King Arthur, legendary British king who appears in a cycle of medieval romances as the sovereign of a knightly fellowship of the Round Table. It is not certain how these legends originated or whether the figure of Arthur was based on a historical person. They possibly originated in Wales or northern Britain.

  3. The legends of King Arthur - The British Library

    www.bl.uk/.../articles/the-legends-of-king-arthur

    Jan 31, 2018 · Damsels in distress. Doomed and forbidden love. Epic battles and quests in pursuit of strange creatures. This is the world of Arthurian legend and, at the centre of it all, there is the ‘once and future king’ – Arthur himself, who, according to the stories, pulled a sword from a stone to become the greatest king that Britain has ever known.

    • Is there any truth to the King Arthur legends? - Alan Lupack
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  4. Arthurian legend | Definition, Summary, Characters, Books ...

    www.britannica.com/topic/Arthurian-legend

    Arthurian legend, the body of stories and medieval romances centering on the legendary king Arthur. Medieval writers, especially the French, variously treated stories of Arthur’s birth, the adventures of his knights, and the adulterous love between his knight Sir Lancelot and his queen, Guinevere.

  5. King Arthur - Ancient History Encyclopedia

    www.ancient.eu/King_Arthur
    • The Historical Background
    • The Arthurian Legend
    • The Legend as Allegory
    • Legacy

    The claim that the legendary Arthur is based on an actual person is supported by the fact that 'Arthur' is a Welsh name derived from the Roman family name Artorius. The figure of Ambrosius Aurelianus, it is argued, could have had the given name Artorius. Roman names had become common in Britain since the conquest under Claudius in 43 CE.Rome began withdrawing troops in the 3rd century CE to protect the empire from invading barbarians. These difficulties had been increasing in severity for aro...

    Geoffrey of Monmouth is known as the Father of the Arthurian Legend for developing the character of King Arthur, adding mythical elements to his story, and introducing many of the central characters and motifs which would later be expanded upon by other writers.The phrase Arthurian Legend encompasses a number of different versions of the tale but, in the present day, mainly refers to the English work of Sir Thomas Malory, Le Morte D’Arthur (Death of Arthur) published by William Caxton in 1485...

    The story of King Arthur and his knights instantly resonated among the literate in the Middle Ages shortly after Geoffrey published his work in 1136 CE. By c. 1160 CE the Norman poet Wace had translated it into Old French vernacular and the great poet of Provence, Chretien de Troyes (c. 1130-c.1190 CE) expanded upon it in his works. The legend was deepened and broadened by other French poets, re-worked and added to by German writers, and then translated to English by the cleric Layamon (12th/...

    The legacy of the Arthurian legends is so pervasive that it touches every aspect of world culture. The quest for spiritual answers, the noble defender of the weak, the purity of romantic love, the importance of fidelity, freedom, justice, and equality, a fair and responsive government, and a good and noble leader, all of these aspects of the legend have affected people’s interpretation of the world around them for centuries. Further, the modern understanding of romantic relationships is direc...

    • Joshua J. Mark
  6. The legend of King Arthur and the knights of the Round Table The legend of King Arthur and the knights of the Round Table is the most powerful and enduring in the western world. King Arthur, Guinevere, and Sir Lancelot did not really exist, but their names conjure up a romantic image of gallant knights […]

  7. King Arthur - The Legend

    www.caerleon.net/history/arthur/page2.htm

    Arthur was the first born son of King Uther Pendragon and heir to the throne. However these were very troubled times and Merlin, a wise magician, advised that the baby Arthur should be raised in a secret place and that none should know his true identity.

  8. King Arthur, the legend of Camelot

    www.legendofkingarthur.co.uk

    The King Arthur of legend probably would have lived in post-Roman Britain. At a time when there was a power vacuum in Britain in the 5th and 6th centuries, the British had to defend themselves against several invasions.

  9. BBC - History - Ancient History in depth: King Arthur, 'Once ...

    www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/anglo_saxons/arthur_01.shtml

    Feb 17, 2011 · First layer of the legend. The King Arthur that we know of today is a composite of layers of different legends, written by different authors at different times. He appears in his first incarnation ...

  10. Was King Arthur a real person? - HISTORY

    www.history.com/news/was-king-arthur-a-real-person

    Aug 29, 2018 · We’ve all heard stories about King Arthur of Camelot, who according to medieval legend led British forces (including his trusted Knights of the Round Table) in battle against Saxon invaders in ...

    • 3 min