Legion of Honour - Wikipedia Legion of Honour 70 languages The National Order of the Legion of Honour ( French: Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur ), formerly the Royal Order of the Legion of Honour ( Ordre royal de la Légion d'honneur ), is the highest French order of merit, both military and civil.
Legion of Honour, officially National Order of the Legion of Honour, French Ordre National de la Légion d’honneur, premier order of the French republic, created by Napoleon Bonaparte, then first consul, on May 19, 1802, as a general military and civil order of merit conferred without regard to birth or religion provided that anyone admitted …
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The Legion of Honour ( French: Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur)  is the highest French award. It was established by Napoleon Bonaparte on 19 May 1802.
- Excellent civil or military conduct, delivered, upon official investigation
- Honneur et patrie ("Honour and Motherland")
- French citizen
- Order of merit
- Current Organisation
- Classes and Insignia
- See Also
- External Links
In the French Revolution all French orders of chivalry were abolished, and replaced with Weapons of Honour. It was the wish of Napoleon Bonaparte, the First Consul and de facto military dictator, to create a reward to commend civilians and soldiers and from this wish was instituted a Légion d'Honneur, it was also conferred to be hereditary on the grandchildren descendants of his siblings , a body of men that was not an order of chivalry, for Napoleon believed France wanted a recognition of me...
In a decree issued on the tenth Pluviose XIII (30 January 1805), a grand decoration was instituted. This decoration, a cross on a large sash and a silver star with an eagle, became known as the Grand Aigle (French for "Grand Eagle"), and later in 1814 as the grand cordon ("large sash"). After Napoleon crowned himself Emperor of the French and established the Napoleonic nobility in 1808, award of the Légion gave right to the title of "Knight of the Empire" (chevalier de l'empire). The title wa...
Restoration of the Bourbon Kings in 1814
Louis XVIII changed the appearance of the order, but it was not abolished. To have done so would have angered the 35,000 to 38,000 members. The images of Napoleon and his eagle were removed and replaced by the image of King Henry IV, the popular first king of the Bourbon line. Three Bourbon fleur-de-lys replaced the eagle on the reverse of the order. A king's crown replaced the imperial crown. In 1816 the grand cordons were renamed grand crosses and the legionnaires became knights. The king d...
Legal status and leadership
The Legion of Honour is a national order of France, meaning a public incorporated body. The Legion is regulated by a civil law code, the Code of The Legion of Honour and of the Military Medal. While the President of the French Republic is the Grand Master of the Order, day-to-day running is entrusted to the Grand Chancery (grande chancellerie).
There are five class in the Legion of Honour : 1. Chevalier(Knight): minimum 20 years of public service or 25 years of professional activity, and "eminent merits" 2. Officier(Officer): minimum 8 years in the rank of Chevalier 3. Commandeur(Commander): minimum 5 years in the rank of Officier 4. Grand Officier(Grand Officer): minimum 3 years in the rank of Commandeur 5. Grand Croix(Grand Cross): minimum 3 years in the rank of Grand Officier The "eminent merits" required to be awarded the order...
The order has had five levels since the reign of King Louis XVIII, who restored the order in 1815. Since the reform, the following distinctions have existed : 1. Three ranks : 1.1. Chevalier(knight): badge worn on left breast suspended from ribbon. 1.2. Officier(Officer): badge worn on left breast suspended from a ribbon with a rosette. 1.3. Comman...List of prizes, medals, and awardsMusée national de la Légion d'Honneur et des Ordres de Chevalerie
The American Legion of Honor was a fraternal benefit order that was active in the late 19th century and early 20th century. In its heyday, it was one of the best known benefit societies.  History [ edit] The organization was founded on December 18, 1878, in Boston, Massachusetts, by Dr. Darius Wilson and nine others. 
Feb 5, 2011 · Legion of Honor Lincoln Park 100 34th Avenue (at Clement Street) San Francisco, CA 94121. Open Tuesday – Sunday 9:30 am – 5:15 pm. Legion of Honor Social Links