Yahoo Web Search

  1. About 5,510 search results
  1. Four municipalities in northern Lapland ( Utsjoki, Inari, Sodankylä and Enontekiö) have one or all of the three Sami languages spoken in Finland as an official language. Finnish municipalities can choose to be called either kaupunki ( city or town) or kunta (small town or rural municipality).

    • Government
    • Taxation and Revenue
    • Tasks and Services
    • Statistics
    • History
    • Identification and Heraldry
    • Capital Region
    • Mergers and Reform
    • Municipalities by Regions
    • See Also

    Mu­nic­i­pal­i­ties have coun­cil-man­ager gov­ern­ment: they are gov­erned by an elected coun­cil (kun­nan­val­tuus­to, kom­mun­full­mäk­ti­ge), which is legally au­tonomous and an­swers only to the vot­ers. The size of the coun­cil is pro­por­tional to the pop­u­la­tion, the ex­tremes being 9 in Sot­tunga and 85 in Helsinki. A sub­sec­tion of the...

    Res­i­dents pay a mu­nic­i­pal tax that is a form of in­come tax, which is the main­stay of the in­come of a mu­nic­i­pal­ity (42% of in­come). Mu­nic­i­pal tax is nom­i­nally a flat tax that is levied from a broader pop­u­la­tion (in­clud­ing lower in­come lev­els) than pro­gres­sive state in­come tax, which is col­lected only from medium to high ...

    Fin­land has an ex­ten­sive wel­fare state, and mu­nic­i­pal­i­ties are re­spon­si­ble for much of the ser­vices to that end. Tasks of the mu­nic­i­pal­i­ties are as follows: 1. Healthcare 1.1. Preventative, basic and specialized healthcare 1.2. Dental healthcare 2. Social services 2.1. Children's daycare 2.2. Elderly care 2.3. Disabled care 2.4. S...

    As of 2020[update], there are 310 mu­nic­i­pal­i­ties in Fin­land, of which 107 are cities or towns (kaupunki). Six­teen mu­nic­i­pal­i­ties are unilin­gually Swedish (all in the au­tonomous Åland re­gion), while 33 are bilin­gual: 15 with Swedish as the ma­jor­ity lan­guage (all but four in Os­tro­both­nia) and 18 with Finnish as the ma­jor­ity la...

    Mu­nic­i­pal­i­ties were orig­i­nally parishes. The old word for a mu­nic­i­pal­ity is pi­tä­jä, 'keeper', be­cause when the sys­tem was in­sti­tuted, one mu­nic­i­pal­ity kept one min­is­ter. Mu­nic­i­pal­i­ties were di­vided into vil­lages, which con­sisted of in­di­vid­ual prop­er­ties. Bor­ders be­tween prop­er­ties and thus mu­nic­i­pal­i­ties...

    Not all mu­nic­i­pal­i­ties have an ob­vi­ous urban cen­ter; in­deed, rural mu­nic­i­pal­i­ties are often com­posed of dis­trib­uted rural vil­lages. Al­though the church vil­lage (kirkonkylä, ab­bre­vi­ated kk) is the his­tor­i­cal cen­ter, the largest or ad­min­is­tra­tive cen­ter may be in an­other vil­lage. For ex­am­ple, Askola has a church vi...

    Dis­tinc­tively, the cap­i­tal area, or Greater Helsinki, has no spe­cial arrange­ments. The area con­sists of four en­tirely in­de­pen­dent cities that form a con­tin­u­ous conur­ba­tion. Greater Helsinki has grown in pop­u­la­tion and area rel­a­tively quickly: the nearby mu­nic­i­pal­i­ties, con­sid­ered rural only 50 years ago, have be­come sub...

    There is cur­rently a heated po­lit­i­cal de­bate in Fin­land about re­form­ing the mu­nic­i­pal­ity sys­tem. Es­sen­tially, a mul­ti­tude of small mu­nic­i­pal­i­ties is seen as detri­men­tal to the pro­vi­sion of pub­lic ser­vices, hav­ing orig­i­nated dur­ing Fin­land's agrar­ian years. As a re­sult, there have been sug­ges­tions of state-im­pos...

  2. People also ask

    What are the types of municipalities in Finland?

    Is municipal tax progressive in Finland?

    What is the size of a Finnish city council?

    How many municipalities in Åland are unilingually Swedish?

  3. Mar 31, 2016 · This is a list of the municipalities of Finland sorted by population as of 31 March 2016: Helsinki (629,512) Espoo (270,416) Tampere (225,485) Vantaa (215,813) Oulu (198,804) Turku (186,030) Jyväskylä (137,392) Kuopio (112,158) Lahti (118,885) Kouvola (85,808) Pori (85,256) Joensuu (75,557) Lappeenranta (72,868) Hämeenlinna (67,914) Vaasa (67,495)

    • Government
    • Taxation and Revenue
    • Tasks and Services
    • Statistics
    • History
    • Identification and Heraldry
    • Capital Region
    • Mergers and Reform
    • Municipalities by Regions
    • See Also

    Municipalities have council-manager government: they are governed by an elected council (kunnanvaltuusto, kommunfullmäktige), which is legally autonomous and answers only to the voters. The size of the council is proportional to the population, the extremes being 9 in Sottunga and 85 in Helsinki. A subsection of the council, the municipal executive...

    Residents pay a municipal tax that is a form of income tax, which is the mainstay of the income of a municipality (42% of income). Municipal tax is nominally a flat tax that is levied from a broader population (including lower income levels) than progressive state income tax, which is collected only from medium to high income earners. However, in p...

    Finland has an extensive welfare state, and municipalities are responsible for much of the services to that end. Tasks of the municipalities are as follows: 1. Healthcare 1.1. Preventative, basic and specialized healthcare 1.2. Dental healthcare 2. Social services 2.1. Children's daycare 2.2. Elderly care 2.3. Disabled care 2.4. Social welfare serv...

    As of 2020[update], there are 310 municipalities in Finland, of which 107 are cities or towns (kaupunki). Sixteen municipalities are unilingually Swedish (all in the autonomous Åland region), while 33 are bilingual: 15 with Swedish as the majority language (all but four in Ostrobothnia) and 18 with Finnish as the majority language (all but five in ...

    Municipalities were originally parishes. The old word for a municipality is pitäjä, 'keeper', because when the system was instituted, one municipality kept one minister. Municipalities were divided into villages, which consisted of individual properties. Borders between properties and thus municipalities were defined by oral agreements passed down ...

    Not all municipalities have an obvious urban center; indeed, rural municipalities are often composed of distributed rural villages. Although the church village (kirkonkylä, abbreviated kk) is the historical center, the largest or administrative center may be in another village. For example, Askola has a church village (Askolan kirkonkylä), but its ...

    Distinctively, the capital area, or Greater Helsinki, has no special arrangements. The area consists of four entirely independent cities that form a continuous conurbation. Greater Helsinki has grown in population and area relatively quickly: the nearby municipalities, considered rural only 50 years ago, have become suburbs, and the growth is proje...

    There is currently a heated political debate in Finland about reforming the municipality system. Essentially, a multitude of small municipalities is seen as detrimental to the provision of public services, having originated during Finland's agrarian years. As a result, there have been suggestions of state-imposed mergers. A committee led by the for...

  4. Four municipalities in northern Lapland(Utsjoki, Inari, Sodankylä and Enontekiö) have one or all of the three Sami languages spoken in Finland as an official language. Finnish municipalities can choose to be called either kaupunki(city or town) or kunta(small town or rural municipality).

  1. People also search for