Those municipalities are listed by the name in the local majority language, with the name in the other national language provided in parenthesis. Finnish is the majority language in 99 of those 114 municipalities, while Swedish is the majority language in 15 of them.
This is a listing in alphabetical order of the 309 municipalities in Finland as of 2021. Note that there are 114 municipalities that have both a Finnish and a Swedish name. Those municipalities are listed by the name in the local majority language, with the name in the other national language provided in parenthesis.
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list NUTS:FI ISO 3166-2:FI v t e The following is a list of cities in Finland. In the year 1977, the legal difference between towns and municipalities was removed. Today [when?] they are all classified as municipalities, some of which are commonly referred to as cities (kaupunki in Finnish, stad in Swedish ).
This is a list of the municipalities of Finland sorted by total area (excluding sea areas) as of 1 January 2018:
- Taxation and Revenue
- Tasks and Services
- Identification and Heraldry
- Capital Region
- Mergers and Reform
- Municipalities by Regions
Municipalities have council-manager government: they are governed by an elected council (kunnanvaltuusto, kommunfullmäktige), which is legally autonomous and answers only to the voters. The size of the council is proportional to the population, the extremes being 9 in Sottunga and 85 in Helsinki. A subsection of the council, the municipal executive...
Residents pay a municipal tax that is a form of income tax, which is the mainstay of the income of a municipality (42% of income). Municipal tax is nominally a flat tax that is levied from a broader population (including lower income levels) than progressive state income tax, which is collected only from medium to high income earners. However, in p...
Finland has an extensive welfare state, and municipalities are responsible for much of the services to that end. Tasks of the municipalities are as follows: 1. Social services 1.1. Children's daycare 1.2. Elderly care 1.3. Disabled care 1.4. Social welfare service 1.5. Child protection 2. Education (see Education in Finland) and culture 2.1. Perusk...
As of 2020[update], there are 310 municipalities in Finland, of which 107 are cities or towns (kaupunki). Sixteen municipalities are unilingually Swedish (all in the autonomous Åland region), while 33 are bilingual: 15 with Swedish as the majority language (all but four in Ostrobothnia) and 18 with Finnish as the majority language (all but five in ...
Municipalities were originally parishes. The old word for a municipality is pitäjä, 'keeper', because when the system was instituted, one municipality kept one minister. Municipalities were divided into villages, which consisted of individual properties. Borders between properties and thus municipalities were defined by oral agreements passed down ...
Not all municipalities have an obvious urban center; indeed, rural municipalities are often composed of distributed rural villages. Although the church village (kirkonkylä, abbreviated kk) is the historical center, the largest or administrative center may be in another village. For example, Askola has a church village (Askolan kirkonkylä), but its ...
Distinctively, the capital area, or Greater Helsinki, has no special arrangements. The area consists of four entirely independent cities that form a continuous conurbation. Greater Helsinki has grown in population and area relatively quickly: the nearby municipalities, considered rural only 50 years ago, have become suburbs, and the growth is proje...
There is currently a heated political debate in Finland about reforming the municipality system. Essentially, a multitude of small municipalities is seen as detrimental to the provision of public services, having originated during Finland's agrarian years. As a result, there have been suggestions of state-imposed mergers. A committee led by the for...The biggest party in the municipalities after the 2017 Finnish municipal electionsThe biggest party in the municipalities after the 2021 Finnish municipal electionsSecond largest party by vote percentage after the 2021 Finnish municipal elections
the regions are divided into 70 sub-regions ( Finnish: seutukunta, Swedish: ekonomisk region)  the sub-regions are divided into 309 municipalities ( Finnish: kunta, Swedish: kommun ).  Description [ edit] Municipalities and regions map of Finland (2007). Black borders refer to municipalities, red to regions.