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  1. The areas of the municipalities vary, as the population is the primary criterion for forming a municipality. The largest municipalities in size are found in Lapland, of which the largest is Inari at 17,333.65 km 2 (6,692.56 sq mi) (130 km square). The smallest municipalities are very small towns.

  2. Outokumpu is a town and municipality of Finland. It is located in the North Karelia region, 48 kilometres east of Joensuu and 92 kilometres west of Kuopio. The municipality has a population of 6,508 and covers an area of 584.05 square kilometres of which 138.22 km2 is water. The population density is 14.6 inhabitants per square kilometre. The most important road connection in the locality is Highway 9. Neighbouring municipalities are Heinävesi, Kaavi, Liperi, Polvijärvi and Tuusniemi. The ...

    • Joensuu sub-region
    • Finland
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  4. › wiki › SuomussalmiSuomussalmi - Wikipedia

    Suomussalmi is a municipality in Finland and is located in the Kainuu region about 90 kilometres northeast of Kajaani, the capital of Kainuu and 120 kilometres south of Kuusamo. The municipality has a population of 7,583 and covers an area of 5,857.60 square kilometres of which 587.03 km2 is water. The population density is 1.44 inhabitants per square kilometre. The municipality is unilingually Finnish. Ämmänsaari is the biggest built-up area in the municipality. Suomussalmi is the second ...

    • Kehys-Kainuu sub-region
    • Kainuu
    • Government
    • Taxation and Revenue
    • Tasks and Services
    • Statistics
    • History
    • Identification and Heraldry
    • Capital Region
    • Mergers and Reform
    • Municipalities by Regions
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    Municipalities have council-manager government: they are governed by an elected council (kunnanvaltuusto, kommunfullmäktige), which is legally autonomous and answers only to the voters. The size of the council is proportional to the population, the extremes being 9 in Sottunga and 85 in Helsinki. A subsection of the council, the municipal executive board (kunnanhallitus), controls the municipal government and monitors the implementation of decisions of the council. Its decisions must be approved by the council. Unlike national cabinets, its composition is derived from the composition of the council, not along government-opposition lines. Furthermore, individual decisions are prepared in specialized municipal boards (lautakunta) for a council meeting, which include, for example, zoning, social assistance, and education boards. Council, executive board, and municipal board memberships are elected positions of responsibility, not full-time jobs. Remuneration depends on the municipality...

    Residents pay a municipal tax that is a form of income tax, which is the mainstay of the income of a municipality (42% of income). Municipal tax is nominally a flat tax that is levied from a broader population (including lower income levels) than progressive state income tax, which is collected only from medium to high income earners. However, in practice even the municipal tax is progressive due to generous deductions granted to the lowest income levels. The pre-deduction base tax varies from 16% in affluent Kauniainen to 20% or more in a number of small rural municipalities. Next to the municipal tax, municipalities receive funding from the state budget (valtionapu, 19% of income). This funding is means-tested to municipality wealth and serves to balance the differences in municipal tax revenue.Besides taxes, sales revenue, fees and profit of operations also form a substantial share of municipal income (21%). Additionally, municipalities levy a property tax, amounting to 3.6% of i...

    Finland has an extensive welfare state, and municipalities are responsible for much of the services to that end. Tasks of the municipalities are as follows: 1. Healthcare 1.1. Preventative, basic and specialized healthcare 1.2. Dental healthcare 2. Social services 2.1. Children's daycare 2.2. Elderly care 2.3. Disabled care 2.4. Social welfare service 2.4.1. Subsistency security 2.4.2. Child protection 3. Education (see Education in Finland) and culture 3.1. Peruskoulu (primary education, grades 1–9) 3.2. Lukio (gymnasiums) 3.3. Ammattioppilaitos (secondary vocational schools) 3.4. Ammattikorkeakoulu(tertiary vocational schools) 3.5. Kansanopisto (folk high school) 3.6. Public libraries 3.7. Youth centres 3.8. Public exercise facilities (public tracks, etc.) 4. Infrastructure and land use 4.1. Zoning 4.2. Public transport 4.3. Maintenance of local streets 4.4. Water 4.5. Energy 4.6. Waste collection 4.7. Environment 5. Economic development 5.1. Promotion of the local economy and emp...

    As of 2020[update], there are 310 municipalities in Finland, of which 107 are cities or towns (kaupunki). Sixteen municipalities are unilingually Swedish (all in the autonomous Åland region), while 33 are bilingual: 15 with Swedish as the majority language (all but four in Ostrobothnia) and 18 with Finnish as the majority language (all but five in Uusimaa region). Four municipalities in northern Lapland (Utsjoki, Inari, Sodankylä and Enontekiö) have one or all of the three Sami languagesspoken in Finland as an official language. Finnish municipalities can choose to be called either kaupunki (city or town) or kunta (small town or rural municipality). Although the Finnish Environment Institute classifies urban settlements with over 15,000 inhabitants as kaupunki, municipalities can name themselves kaupunki with fewer inhabitants. There are 43,895 inhabitants in Nurmijärvi, the largest kunta in Finland, and 1,283 inhabitants in Kaskinen, the smallest kaupunki, so the kunta–kaupunki cat...

    Municipalities were originally parishes. The old word for a municipality is pitäjä, 'keeper', because when the system was instituted, one municipality kept one minister. Municipalities were divided into villages, which consisted of individual properties. Borders between properties and thus municipalities were defined by oral agreements passed down from generation to generation; usually along straight lines between defined markers such as boulders. Medieval documentation survives only from legal disputes concerning borders. In the 18th century, King Gustaf III implemented the Great Partition, where common lands were redistributed into larger properties, and claimed all unclaimed land to the crown. Thus, there is no "leftover" land outside the jurisdiction of municipalities, as all land belongs to either to a private property or to the government. The secular government divided the properties to taxable units (villages and secular municipalities) according to its own convenience, whic...

    Not all municipalities have an obvious urban center; indeed, rural municipalities are often composed of distributed rural villages. Although the church village (kirkonkylä, abbreviated kk) is the historical center, the largest or administrative center may be in another village. For example, Askola has a church village (Askolan kirkonkylä), but its administrative center is in Monninkylä. Often, the church village has the same name as the municipality, as with Askola. However, this is not necessarily so, e.g. Enontekiö is governed from Hetta; these villages are often erroneously labeled in maps. This is expected as the name of the municipality refers to the entire parish, not just a single center like a church village. Villages have no administrative role, although some have voluntary village associations (kyläyhdistys) and other non-governmental public life. Although related, urban areas in Finland (taajama) are not local administrative units. A catalog is independently compiled each...

    Distinctively, the capital area, or Greater Helsinki, has no special arrangements. The area consists of four entirely independent cities that form a continuous conurbation. Greater Helsinki has grown in population and area relatively quickly: the nearby municipalities, considered rural only 50 years ago, have become suburbs, and the growth is projected to continue. A state-imposed merger of Helsinki and a part of Sipoo, a rural, 40% Swedish-speaking municipality adjacent to Greater Helsinki, was recently approved by the government, counter to the opinion of the Sipoo municipal council. This area will effectively become a new (and Finnish-speaking) suburb with multiple times the inhabitants than there are in Sipoo.

    There is currently a heated political debate in Finland about reforming the municipality system. Essentially, a multitude of small municipalities is seen as detrimental to the provision of public services, having originated during Finland's agrarian years. As a result, there have been suggestions of state-imposed mergers. A committee led by the former Minister for Regional and Municipal Affairs, Hannes Manninen, suggested creating a two-tier system of municipalities with different powers, while the Association of Finnish Local and Regional Authorities (Kuntaliitto) favoured a system where municipalities would be units of at least 20,000–30,000 inhabitants, cf. the current median at 4,700. The motion was inspired by a similar reform in Denmark (see Municipalities of Denmark). The former government (Vanhanen II), however, planned to not impose mergers. Recently, many voluntary mergers have been agreed on. Ten mergers were completed in 2005, one in 2006, 14 in 2007 and one in 2008. In...

  5. This is a listing in alphabetical order of the 309 municipalities in Finland as of 2021. Note that there are 114 municipalities that have both a Finnish and a Swedish name. Those municipalities are listed by the name in the local majority language, with the name in the other national language provided in parenthesis.

  6. › wiki › SastamalaSastamala - Wikipedia

    Sastamala is a town and municipality of Finland. It is located in the Pirkanmaa region. The town has a population of 24,068 and covers an area of 1,531.75 square kilometres of which 96.14 km2 is water, making it the largest municipality in the Pirkanmaa region in terms of area. The population density is 18.64 inhabitants per square kilometre. The municipality is unilingually Finnish. Sastamala was created on January 1, 2009, when the municipalities of Vammala, Äetsä and Mouhijärvi were ...

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