The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its variants were the highest awards in the military and paramilitary forces of Nazi Germany during World War II. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded for a wide range of reasons and across all ranks, from a senior commander for skilled leadership of his troops in battle to a low-ranking soldier for a single act of extreme gallantry.
This is because the awards are German in origin and many sources and links will give them in German (e.g. Gunther Prien's infobox). Thus it may aid the reader to see them in the correct context. It would look like "The Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves (Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub) was based on the enactment . . ." Otherwise a nice article.
Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves Heinrich Ehrler (14 September 1917 – 4 April 1945) was a German Luftwaffe military aviator and wing commander during World War II . As a fighter ace , he is credited with 208 enemy aircraft shot down in over 400 combat missions.
Franz Dörr (10 February 1913 – 13 October 1972) was a German fighter ace during World War II and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross of Nazi Germany. During World War II Franz Dörr was credited with 128 victories in over 437 combat missions. All but six of his victories were claimed over the Eastern Front, including 16 Il-2s.
Jul 23, 2019 · The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, or simply the Knight's Cross, and its variants were the highest awards in the military and paramilitary forces of Nazi Germany during World War II. The War Merit Cross was a decoration of Germany during the Second World War, which could be awarded to military personnel and civilians alike.
Franz Mattenklott (19 November 1884 – 28 June 1954) was a German general in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. Born in Silesia, Mattenklott became a military officer in 1903 and fought in World War I.
- Early Naval Career
- World War II
- Summary of Career
Prien was one of three children of a judge. Born in Osterfeld, Prussian Province of Saxony (Germany) and after his parents divorced raised in Leipzig, Prien joined the Handelsmarine (German Merchant Navy) in mid-1923, studying for three months at the Seaman's College in Finkenwerder in Hamburg, before going to sea as a cabin boy on the full rigged three-master Hamburg. His first voyage touched at the Azores, Pensacola, Hobart (Tasmania) and Falmouth. While sailing to Cork in October 1925, the ship was caught in a storm and ran aground near Dublin. The vessel was abandoned and later declared a wreck. Prien and the crew were taken to Bremerhaven and then Hamburg, where Prien was given his papers as seaman and found the cost of items he had drawn on board exceeded his six months wages. Aiming for his master's certificate, Prien quickly signed on the Oldenburg (now the Suomen Joutsen), which was another full rigger (as noted in Jost Metzler's book The Laughing Cow': The Story of U69). W...
World War II commenced during Prien's first patrol in U-47. He departed Kiel on 19 August 1939 for a patrol lasting 28 days. On 5 September, he sank the British ship Bosnia, the second U-boat kill of the war. Two more British vessels fell victim to Prien over the next two days. U-47returned to Kiel on 15 September.
Second patrol — Scapa Flow
On 14 October 1939, Prien risked shallow water, unknown shoals, tricky currents and detection by defenders to penetrate the Royal Navy's primary base, Scapa Flow. Although most of the Home Fleet was at sea, Prien sank the battleship Royal Oak and returned home to instant fame. He was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, personally by Adolf Hitler, and was the first sailor of the U-boat service and the second member of the Kriegsmarine to receive this award. The mission into Scapa Flo...
U-47 under the command of Prien with 1st watch officer (I. WO) Oberleutnant zur See Engelbert Endrass and chief engineer Oberleutnant (Ing.) Johann-Friedrich Wessels left Kiel on 16 November 1939. U-47 attacked a British cruiser on 28 November 1939. Prien had identified the ship to be a London-class cruiser. Prien fired a spread of three torpedoes, and believed he had hit the cruiser at least once. He had observed through the periscope how one torpedo struck the stern of the cruiser, causing...
German actor Dieter Eppler played commander Günther Prien in the 1958 war film U 47 – Kapitänleutnant Prien, directed by Harald Reinl.Günther Prien had been considered as namesake for the 1967 commissioned guided missile destroyer Lütjens. However the legend surrounding Prien, that he had distanced himself from Nazism and had become an active member of the German resistance and was held captive at the Wehrmachtgefängnis Torgau (Torgau Wehrmacht Prison), turned out to be false. Consequently the name Lütjens, named after Admiral Günther Lütjens, was chosen instead.
During his career Prien sank 30 commercial ships for 162,769 GRT, one warship of 29,150 GRT, and damaged eight commercial ships for 62,751 GRT and one warship of 10,035 GRT.
1. Dienstauszeichnung4th Class (22 January 1937) 2. Iron Cross (1939) 2.1. 2nd Class (25 September 1939) 2.2. 1st Class (17 October 1939) 3. U-boat War Badgewith Diamonds 4. Diamond-studded Navy Honour Dagger 5. Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves 5.1. Knight's Cross on 18 October 1939 as Kapitänleutnant and commander of U-47 5.2. 5th Oak Leaves on 20 October 1940 as Kapitänleutnant and commander of U-47 6. Mentioned eight times in the Wehrmachtbericht(29 November 1939, 28 June 1...CitationsBibliography
List of Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross recipients (C) Nominator(s): MisterBee1966 15:28, 26 February 2013 (UTC) I am nominating this for featured list because based on the recent review of List of Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross recipients (A), I think this list is at the same quality level. Thanks in advance for any constructive feedback.
1. Possibly a stupid question: The list of "Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross" has no number column. Why? To my knowledge the German's never had a coherent numbering paradigm for the lowest grade of Knight's Cross. Only for the Oak Leaves, Swords or Diamonds did they introduce a formal numbering scheme.
In early August 1942, a Brandenburg unit of 62 Baltic and Sudeten Germans led by Adrian von Fölkersam penetrated farther into enemy territory than any other German unit. When German dictator Adolf Hitler received word that Hungary's Regent, Admiral Miklós Horthy, was secretly negotiating his country's surrender to the advancing Red Army, he sent commando leader Otto Skorzeny of the Waffen-SS ...