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  1. List of specialized agencies of the United Nations - Wikipedia

    United Nations Specialized Agencies are autonomous organizations working with the United Nations and each other through the co-ordinating machinery of the United Nations Economic and Social Council at the intergovernmental level, and through the Chief Executives Board for co-ordination (CEB) at the inter-secretariat level.

  2. List of specialized agencies of the United Nations ...
    • Food and Agriculture Organization
    • International Civil Aviation Organization
    • International Fund For Agricultural Development
    • International Labour Organization
    • International Maritime Organization
    • International Monetary Fund
    • International Telecommunication Union
    • United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
    • United Nations Industrial Development Organization
    • Universal Postal Union

    The Food and Agri­cul­ture Or­ga­ni­za­tion of the United Na­tions leads in­ter­na­tional ef­forts to de­feat hunger. Serv­ing both de­vel­oped and de­vel­op­ing coun­tries, FAO acts as a neu­tral forum where all na­tions meet as equals to ne­go­ti­ate agree­ments and de­bate pol­icy. FAO's man­date is to raise lev­els of nu­tri­tion, im­prove agri­cul­tural pro­duc­tiv­ity, bet­ter the lives of rural pop­u­la­tions and con­tribute to the growth of the world econ­omy. FAO is the largest of the UN agen­cies. It was es­tab­lished in 1945 and its head­quar­ters is in Rome, Italy.

    The In­ter­na­tional Civil Avi­a­tion Or­ga­ni­za­tion (ICAO) was founded in 1947. It cod­i­fies the prin­ci­ples and tech­niques of in­ter­na­tional air nav­i­ga­tion and fos­ters the plan­ning and de­vel­op­ment of in­ter­na­tional air trans­port to en­sure safe and or­derly growth. Its head­quar­ters are lo­cated in the Quartier in­ter­na­tional de Montréal of Mon­treal, Que­bec, Canada. The ICAO Coun­cil adopts stan­dards and rec­om­mended prac­tices con­cern­ing air nav­i­ga­tion, pre­ven­tion of un­law­ful in­ter­fer­ence, and fa­cil­i­ta­tion of bor­der-cross­ing pro­ce­dures for in­ter­na­tional civil avi­a­tion. In ad­di­tion, ICAO de­fines the pro­to­cols for air ac­ci­dent in­ves­ti­ga­tion fol­lowed by trans­port safety au­thor­i­ties in coun­tries sig­na­tory to the Con­ven­tion on In­ter­na­tional Civil Avi­a­tion, com­monly known as the Chicago Con­ven­tion. It also solves dis­putes be­tween two countries.[citation needed]

    The In­ter­na­tional Fund for Agri­cul­tural De­vel­op­ment (IFAD) was es­tab­lished as an in­ter­na­tional fi­nan­cial in­sti­tu­tion in 1977, as one of the major out­comes of the 1974 World Food Con­fer­ence and a re­sponse to the sit­u­a­tion in the Sahel. It is ded­i­cated to erad­i­cat­ing rural poverty in de­vel­op­ing coun­tries. Its head­quar­ters are in Rome, Italy.

    The In­ter­na­tional Labour Or­ga­ni­za­tion (ILO) deals with labour is­sues. Its head­quar­ters are in Geneva, Switzer­land. Founded in 1919, it was formed through the ne­go­ti­a­tions of the Treaty of Ver­sailles and was ini­tially an agency of the League of Na­tions. It be­came a mem­ber of the UN sys­tem after the demise of the League and the for­ma­tion of the UN at the end of World War II. Its Con­sti­tu­tion, as amended to date, in­cludes the De­c­la­ra­tion of Philadel­phiaon the aims and pur­poses of the Or­ga­ni­za­tion. Its sec­re­tariat is known as the In­ter­na­tional Labor Of­fice.

    The In­ter­na­tional Mar­itime Or­ga­ni­za­tion (IMO), for­merly known as the In­ter-Gov­ern­men­tal Mar­itime Con­sul­ta­tive Or­ga­ni­za­tion (IMCO), was es­tab­lished in 1948 through the United Na­tions to co­or­di­nate in­ter­na­tional mar­itime safety and re­lated prac­tices. How­ever the IMO did not enter into full force until 1958. Head­quar­tered in Lon­don, United King­dom, the IMO pro­motes co­op­er­a­tion among gov­ern­ment and the ship­ping in­dus­try to im­prove mar­itime safety and to pre­vent ma­rine pol­lu­tion. IMO is gov­erned by an As­sem­bly of mem­bers and is fi­nan­cially ad­min­is­tered by a Coun­cil of mem­bers elected from the As­sem­bly. The work of IMO is con­ducted through five com­mit­tees and these are sup­ported by tech­ni­cal sub-com­mit­tees. Mem­ber or­ga­ni­za­tions of the UN or­ga­ni­za­tional fam­ily may ob­serve the pro­ceed­ings of the IMO. Ob­server sta­tus may be granted to qual­i­fied non-gov­ern­men­tal or­ga­ni­za­tions. The IMO is sup­por...

    In­ter­na­tional Mon­e­tary Fund (IMF) is part of the United Na­tions sys­tem and has a for­mal re­la­tion­ship agree­ment with the UN, but re­tains its independence. The IMF pro­vides mon­e­tary co­op­er­a­tion and fi­nan­cial sta­bil­ity and acts as a forum for ad­vice, ne­go­ti­a­tion and as­sis­tance on fi­nan­cial is­sues. It is head­quar­tered in Wash­ing­ton, D.C., United States of Amer­ica.

    The In­ter­na­tional Telecom­mu­ni­ca­tion Union (ITU) was es­tab­lished to stan­dard­ize and reg­u­late in­ter­na­tional radio and telecom­mu­ni­ca­tions. It was founded as the In­ter­na­tional Tele­graph Union in Paris on 17 May 1865. Its main tasks in­clude stan­dard­iza­tion, al­lo­ca­tion of the radio spec­trum, and or­ga­niz­ing in­ter­con­nec­tion arrange­ments be­tween dif­fer­ent coun­tries to allow in­ter­na­tional phone calls — in which re­gard it per­forms for telecom­mu­ni­ca­tions a sim­i­lar func­tion to what the UPU per­forms for postal ser­vices. It has its head­quar­ters in Geneva, Switzer­land, next to the main United Na­tions cam­pus.

    The United Na­tions Ed­u­ca­tional, Sci­en­tific and Cul­tural Or­ga­ni­za­tion (UN­ESCO) is a spe­cial­ized agency of the United Na­tions es­tab­lished in 1946 with its head­quar­ters in Paris, France. Its stated pur­pose is to con­tribute to peace and se­cu­rity by pro­mot­ing in­ter­na­tional col­lab­o­ra­tion through ed­u­ca­tion, sci­ence, and cul­ture in order to fur­ther uni­ver­sal re­spect for jus­tice, the rule of law, and the human rightsand fun­da­men­tal free­doms pro­claimed in the UN Char­ter.

    United Na­tions In­dus­trial De­vel­op­ment Or­ga­ni­za­tion (UNIDO) is the spe­cial­ized agency of the United Na­tions, which pro­motes in­clu­sive and sus­tain­able in­dus­trial de­vel­op­ment(ISID), head­quar­tered in Vi­enna, Aus­tria. The Or­ga­ni­za­tion ad­dresses some of the most press­ing is­sues of our time, and works to ac­cel­er­ate eco­nomic growth in order to bring pros­per­ity to all while at the same time safe­guard­ing the en­vi­ron­ment. UNIDO’s man­date is fully aligned with the global de­vel­op­ment agenda, which un­der­lines the cen­tral role of in­dus­tri­al­iza­tion and its im­por­tance as a key en­abler for all 17 Global Goals, and es­pe­cially for SDG9. The Di­rec­tor Gen­eral is Li Yong.

    The Uni­ver­sal Postal Union (UPU), head­quar­tered in Berne, Switzer­land, co­or­di­nates postal poli­cies be­tween mem­ber na­tions, and hence the world­wide postal sys­tem. Each mem­ber coun­try agrees to the same set of terms for con­duct­ing in­ter­na­tional postal du­ties.

  3. List of United Nations organizations by location - Wikipedia

    The United Nations Office at Geneva (Switzerland) is the second most important UN centre, after the United Nations Headquarters. While the Secretariat of the United Nations is headquartered in New York City , its many bodies, specialized agencies , and related organizations are headquartered in other parts of the world, particularly in Europe .

  4. United Nations - Wikipedia

    The UN Charter stipulates that each primary organ of the United Nations can establish various specialized agencies to fulfil its duties. Some best-known agencies are the International Atomic Energy Agency , the Food and Agriculture Organization , UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization), the World Bank , and the ...

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  6. Secretary-General of the United Nations - Wikipedia

    The secretary-general of the United Nations (UNSG or SG) is the chief administrative officer of the United Nations and head of the United Nations Secretariat, one of the six principal organs of the United Nations. The role of the secretary-general and of the Secretariat is laid out by Chapter XV (Articles 97 to 101) of the United Nations ...

  7. The main building for the United Nations is in New York City in the United States of America, but the UN also has important offices in Geneva (Switzerland), Nairobi and Vienna . The UN tries to be peaceful, but sometimes when talks do not work the UN, unlike the League of Nations, will fight too.

  8. World Health Organization - Wikipedia

    The constitution of the World Health Organization was signed by all 51 countries of the United Nations, and by 10 other countries, on 22 July 1946. It thus became the first specialized agency of the United Nations to which every member subscribed.

  9. Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations

    The Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations, passed by the United Nations General Assembly on 13 February 1946 in New York, and sometimes referred to as the New York Convention, defines and specifies numerous issues relating to the status of the United Nations, its assets, and officials, in terms of the privileges and immunities that must be granted to them by its ...

  10. The United Nations Organization, are an intergovernmental alliance of 193 countries and as a global international Organization a fully recognized subject of international law. According to its char…

  11. The United Nations International Organization And World Politics

    United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) is the specialized agency of the United Nations, which promotes inclusive and sustainable industrial development (ISID), headquartered in Vienna, Austria. List of specialized agencies of the United Nations - Wikipedia United Nations Day 24th October is UN Day – the anniversary of the ...