The Lothair Crystal (also known as the Lothar Crystal or the Susanna Crystal) is an engraved gem from Lotharingia in northwest Europe, showing scenes of the biblical story of Susanna, dating from 855–869. The Lothair Crystal is an object in the collection of the British Museum
Jun 16, 2010 · Lothair's queen was forced, possibly through torture, to confess to incest with her brother by the bishops of Cologne and Trier This crystal was made for Lothair II, king of the Franks. It depicts...
Jan 06, 2017 · Louis was fond of his youngest son, so he took away a sizable portion of Lothair’s land located north of Italy known as Alemannia and gave it to the young prince. Lothair was enraged with this new arrangement, so he convinced his brothers to go up against their father, and a civil war erupted in the Carolingian Empire in 830 AD.
In 823, Paschal crowned and anointed Lothair I as King of Italy, which set the precedent for the pope’s right to crown kings, and to do so in Rome.Although the pope himself opposed the sovereignty of the Frankish emperors over Rome and Roman territory, high officials in the papal palace, especially Primicerius Theodore and his son-in-law Leo Nomenculator, were at the head of the party which ...
A number of interpretations have been advanced for the crystal's function as well as its meaning and significance to the Lotharingian court; its meaning is unclear and it has been the subject of ongoing controversy among scholars.
If Lothair was a fictional expression of Disraeli's grudge against Manning, Gladstone, and the pro-Catholic Irish alliance, he certainly published it at an appropriate time. This interpretation of Lothair as primarily anti-Catholic, for Disraeli's political purchase, has lingered in recent assessments of the novel. Thom Braun has argued that the novel “was a subtle re-interpretation of the influences which the author had felt from the secret societies and from the Roman Church through his ...
king, Lothair II, in the ninth century in Aachen, Germany. In the tenth century, Susanna can be found in the Bible of Saint Isidore of León, Spain. In the eleventh century, her iconographic cycle appears in the Bible of Roda in Spain and in the thirteenth century in a Book of Hours in Bamberg, Germany.
Rand's unhealing wound in the side is a clear reference to the Fisher King. However, the Fisher King's wound is often identified with that which Jesus Christ received while he was being crucified (see Section 3.06), so Rand's wound can also be considered to fulfill the second stigmata.
In a book that gives two full pages to the Lothair Crystal, this was neglectful. Asterisks were discussed briefly but the authors seem to have given up any attempt to analyze their use by scribes producing Gospel-manuscripts: “The precise meaning of asteriskoi in Byzantine Gospel manuscripts remains opaque,” they acknowledge on page 128.
- Jennifer Knust, Tommy Wasserman
A lectionary is a list or book of only portions of the Bible chosen to be read at a church service. Coloring has become more important. There will now be the addition of the color purple, as well as gold and silver leaf; colors have meaning. Notice the addition of capitals or columns on both sides of the portrait.