Charles IV, born Wenceslaus, was the first King of Bohemia to become Holy Roman Emperor. He was a member of the House of Luxembourg from his father's side and the Czech House of Přemyslid from his mother's side; he emphasized the latter due to his lifelong affinity for the Czech side of his inheritance, and also because his direct ancestors in the Přemyslid line included two saints. He was the eldest son and heir of King John of Bohemia, who died at the Battle of Crécy on 26 August 1346 ...
1322 – Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor, defeats Frederick I of Austria in the Battle of Mühldorf. 1538 – Ottoman–Venetian War: The Ottoman Navy scores a decisive victory over a Holy League fleet in the Battle of Preveza. 1542 – Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo of Portugal arrives at what is now San Diego, California.
September 27/September 28 – Battle of Ampfing, often called the last battle of knights, when Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor beats Frederick I of Austria; Births. January 11 – Emperor Komyo of Japan (died 1380) June 24 – Joanna, Duchess of Brabant (died 1406) Deaths. January 3 – King Philip V of France (born 1293
Events Hundred Years' War: Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor appoints Edward III of England as a vicar-general of the Holy Roman Empire. Louis supports Edward's claim to the French throne under the terms of the Treaty of Koblenz. Philip VI of France besieges Guienne in Southwest France and his navy attacks Portsmouth in England.
Events. Miracle of the Host; Holland, Hainaut and Zeeland are inherited by emperor Louis IV of the Holy Roman Empire and becomes part of the imperial crown domain, until 1347
Wiesbaden is granted the right to be depicted on coins by Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor. David II becomes King of Scotland. Births. Prince Lazar of Serbia (estimated date) (died 1008) Philip II of Taranto (died 1374) Deaths. April 21 – Frederick IV, Duke of Lorraine (born 1282)
In 1355, he was crowned King of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor. With his coronation as King of Burgundy in 1365, he became the personal ruler of all the kingdoms of the Holy Roman Empire. Life. Charles IV was born to King John of the Luxembourg dynasty and Queen Elizabeth of Bohemia of the Czech Premyslid Dynasty in Prague.
The County Palatine of the Rhine (German: kurfürstliche Pfalzgrafschaft bei Rhein, kurfürstlich rheinische Pfalzgrafschaft), later the Electorate of the Palatinate (German: Kurfürstentum Pfalz) or simply Electoral Palatinate (German: Kurpfalz), was a territory in the Holy Roman Empire (specifically, a palatinate) administered by the Count Palatine of the Rhine.
After Constance, Queen of Sicily married the Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor, the region was inherited by Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor as King of Sicily. The region that later became the separate Kingdom of Naples under the Angevins formed part of the Kingdom of Sicily which included the island of Sicily and Apulia .
John XXII was neutral at first, but in 1323, when Louis IV became Holy Roman Emperor, the Guelph (papal) party and the Ghibelline (imperial) party quarreled, which was partly provoked by John XXII's extreme claims of authority over the empire and partly by Louis IV's support of the spiritual Franciscans, whom John XXII condemned in the Papal bull Quorumdam exigit.