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    related to: louis ix of france
  1. Louis IX (25 April 1214 – 25 August 1270), commonly known as Saint Louis or Louis the Saint, was King of France from 1226 to 1270, and the most illustrious of the Direct Capetians. He was crowned in Reims at the age of 12, following the death of his father Louis VIII .

  2. St. Louis IX, King of France was born at Poissy on April 25, 1214. His parents were Louis VIII, King of France and Queen Blanche of Castile. He was Capetian king of France from 1226 to 1270. He led the seventh Crusade to the Holy Land in 1248-50. Louis died on August 25, 1270, near Tunis on the eighth Crusade to Tunisia. 1

  3. Louis IX, ; canonized August 11, 1297, feast day August 25), king of France from 1226 to 1270, the most popular of the Capetian monarchs. He led the Seventh Crusade to the Holy Land in 1248–50 and died on another Crusade to Tunisia. Louis was the fourth child of King Louis VIII and his queen,

  4. Aug 25, 2012 · French Monarch. A native of Poissy, Louis IX served as king of France between 1226 and his death. A renowned patron of arts, he married Margaret of Provence in 1234 and fathered eleven children. Passing away in Carthage during the Eighth Crusade, probably of dysentery, his body was successively boiled so that the bones...

    • Saint-Denis, Île-de-France
    • 21091 · View Source
    • 25 Aug 1270 (aged 56)Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia
  5. May 29, 2021 · b. 25 April 1215, d. 25 August 1270. Louis IX, Roi de France was born on 25 April 1215 at Poissy, Île-de-France, France. He was the son of Louis VIII, Roi de France and Blanca de Castilla. He married Marguerite de Provence, daughter of Raimond Berengar V, Comte de Provence and Beatrice di Savoia, in 1234. He died on 25 August 1270 at age 55 at ...

    • Robert, Count of Clermont, Philip III of France, Margaret of France, Duchess of Brabant
    • April 25, 1214
    • Blanche of Castile, Louis VIII of France
    • August 25, 1270 (56)Tunis, Tunisia (plague)
  6. Louis IX of France. Feast Day: August 25. Canonized: 1297. During the Middle Ages, many European kings believed that they had a divine right to rule, so they did whatever they wanted. They treated people unfairly. They taxed heavily. They did not worry about justice. Louis IX of France was not like that. He believed that good kings served others.

    • Regency
    • Independent Reign
    • Capture
    • Peace
    • Justice
    • Final Years
    • Conclusion
    • Sources

    Since Louis IX was a young king, he couldn’t rule independently. Because of this, his mother acted as his regent. At the time of Louis’s ascension, the monarchy was in a vulnerable state. Blanche recognized that with a young king on the throne and a woman in charge, there would be a higher chance of revolts. Her suspicion would soon be proven correct.

    In 1234, Blanche handed control of the government over to Louis IX. Under her leadership, France was a secure and peaceful kingdom. During her regency, Blanche’s tutelage had prepared Louis to rule. As a result, the king demonstrated a devotion to God, a peaceful disposition, and a commitment to justice. Since he remained unmarried, Louis wanted to find a wife.

    Despite their victory, the French army lacked the strength to continue their journey. An outbreak of plague ravaged the troops and infected Louis IX. In return, the sick king ordered his troops to retreat to Damietta. As the French army retreated, Egyptian forces followed closely behind. Eventually, the Egyptians overwhelmed the French on April 7, 1250, capturing Louis in the process. After hearing of Louis IX’s capture, Blanche began negotiating with the Egyptians for his release. The ransom was steep but allowed Louis and his nobles to walk free. The king’s troops wanted to return to France; however, Louis refused. Instead, Louis and his army stayed in Egypt for another four years. During this time, he would turn a military defeat into diplomatic success.

    During the final decades of his reign, Louis IX committed himself to peace, justice, and reforming his kingdom. When the king returned from the crusades, he had gained widespread acclaim throughout Europe. Louis used this prestige to his advantage by making a lasting peace with Henry III. On May 28, 1258, both men signed a treaty. Although Louis IX could’ve confiscated Henry III’s French lands as punishment for his earlier actions, the king refused to do so. Instead, Louis insisted on generous terms to build a better relationship. As a result, a grateful Henry accepted his role as Louis’s vassal. The French king hoped that this goodwill would extend to their respective children as well.

    Louis IX became renowned throughout Europe for his ability to be fair and impartial. When Henry III and his nobles were engaged in conflict, the French king was asked to arbitrate. Louis listened to both sides and passed a fair judgment. In France, the king’s approachability allowed his citizens to present their cases to him publicly. Louis took particular interest in those concerning the poor. Due to this, his actions endeared him to his citizens and earned the king respect throughout Europe.

    During the last decade of his life, Louis IX began to fixate on the Holy Land. The kingdom of Jerusalem had been withering away from Muslim attacks. By 1269, Louis felt that he needed to crusade again. This time, the French traveled to Tunisia. However, this decision proved fatal. In early July 1270, Louis IX and his troops landed in Tunis. Although the French had initial success, plague soon infected the army. Louis again suffered from the disease but couldn’t overcome it as he did before. Realizing that his end was near, the king spoke with his heir, Philip, one last time. After imparting his advice to Philip, Louis soon after died on August 25, 1270.

    After Louis IX’s death, his body returned to France. Throughout its trip back, people across Europe paid their respects to the king. Years after his death, Louis would be remembered fondly. His commitments to religion, peace, and justice were admired by many in Europe. In 1297, Pope Boniface VIIIcanonized Louis as a saint. To this day, he remains the only person to hold the title of saint king.

    Bradbury, J. (2010). The Capetians: Kings of France, 987-1328. London: Hambledon Continuum. Delmore, E. L. (n.d.). Biography of Saint Louis IX, King of France (1214-1270). Retrieved January 8, 2020, from Levron, J. (2019, August 21). Louis IX. Retrieved January 5, 2020, from

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