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  1. Louis XVI - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_XVI_of_France

    Louis XVI by Antoine-François Callet, 1786 When Louis XVI acceded to the throne in 1774, he was nineteen years old. He had an enormous responsibility, as the government was deeply in debt, and resentment of despotic monarchy was on the rise. He himself felt woefully unqualified to resolve the situation.

  2. Jan 16, 2020 · Louis XVI was the last Bourbon king of France who was executed in 1793 for treason. In 1770 he married Austrian archduchess Marie Antoinette, the daughter of Maria Theresa and Holy Roman Emperor...

    • Louis XVI
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    • What happened to Louis XVI? A swift public execution
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    • King Louis XVI--Origins of the French Revolution
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    • Louis XVI, l'Homme qui ne voulait pas être roi
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  3. Louis XVI, also called (until 1774) Louis-Auguste, duc de Berry, (born August 23, 1754, Versailles, France—died January 21, 1793, Paris), the last king of France (1774–92) in the line of Bourbon monarchs preceding the French Revolution of 1789.

  4. LOUIS XVI watches

    www.louisxviwatches.com/en

    Only 1000 pieces of each model are made and sold. Each watch is engraved with a unique serial number which makes each LOUIS XVI a sought after collectors item. Quality begins with the choice of materials.

  5. BBC - History - King Louis XVI

    www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/louis_xvi.shtml

    Louis XVI, 1781 © Louis was king of France when the monarchy was overthrown during the French Revolution. He was guillotined in 1793. Louis was born at Versailles on 23 August 1754. In 1770, he...

  6. Louis XVI - French Revolution

    alphahistory.com/frenchrevolution/louis-xvi
    • Early Life
    • Marriage to Marie Antoinette
    • The Financial Crisis
    • Prisoner of The Revolution
    • Last Days as Monarch

    The future Louis XVI was born at Versailles in August 1754. He was the second son of Louis, Dauphin of France, and his German-born wife Maria Josepha. At the time of his birth, Louis was third in line to the throne, behind his father and older brother. Because of this, the young prince was sidelined and not trained for royal duties. Louis was a strong student nevertheless, excelling in history and languages. An avid hunter like his grandfather Louis XV, the prince also studied locksmithing as a useful hobby. Louis’ life changed in the 1760s, when tuberculosis claimed his older brother (1761) and his father (1765), leaving the 10-year-old prince as heir to the Bourbon throne.

    Five years later, Louis entered into an arranged marriage with Marie Antoinette, a 14-year-old Austrian princess. The union was orchestrated by his grandfather, Louis XV, and the bride’s powerful mother, Maria Theresa, to secure a lasting alliance between France and Austria. Louis and Antoinette’s first fumbling attempts at love-making were disastrous, due to the young prince suffering an extended foreskin that made erections painful and sexual intercourse almost impossible. Louis underwent surgery to correct this problem but Antoinette did not conceive a child until eight years after their marriage. In May 1774, Louis XV died and his grandson ascended to the throne, aged 19. The young Louis XVI was moderately intelligent, aware of his royal responsibilities and alert to the need for strong leadership – but he proved a mediocre king, relying excessively on his advisors and showing insufficient interest in the business of state. Louis preferred his regular leisure pursuits to reading...

    The French Revolution was precipitated by a financial crisis. Louis XVI ruled one of the world’s most powerful empires – but he also governed a nation choked by debt, fiscal mismanagement and a corrupt and inequitable system of taxation. Competent ministers gave the king sound advice on how to correct France’s financial woes. He wisely accepted much of this advice, however, attempts at reform were blocked by obstinate nobles in the parlements and the Assembly of Notables. In 1788, the financial crisis became a political crisis when the king was wrestled into summoning an Estates-General, France’s closest equivalent to a national parliament. Neither Louis or his ministers foresaw the political challenges that lay ahead. The king initiated the Estates-General in May 1789, hoping to push through some fiscal reforms – but the delegates representing the Third Estatehad other plans, invoking a confrontation over voting rights, representation and national power. A month into the Estates-Ge...

    From this point, the fate of Louis XVI was tied to the events of the revolution. The king might have retained both his throne and his life had he understood the revolution, accepted its inevitability and showed appropriate judgement. Instead, he clung to a misguided hope that the changes wrought by the revolution could be minimised or even reversed. As the revolution progressed, Louis slipped from political leader to political prisoner. In October 1789, a violent mob assailed the royal family at Versailles and forced the king to relocate to Paris. He promised loyalty to the new state and its constitution, however, the revolutionary government’s attacks on the church and émigrénobles alienated the king, who believed that things had gone too far. In June 1791, Louis and his family all but abandoned the new regime by attempting to flee Paris. They got as far as Varennes, where they were arrested and turned back to the capital under guard. Moderate politicians tried to recover the king’...

    Under siege from the people, the Assembly had no alternative but to suspend the king and dissolve itself. The government passed to a National Convention, which abandoned the 1791 constitution, abolished the monarchy and initiated a French republic. As for the former king, he spent his last weeks in the Temple, a fortress in the northern suburbs of Paris, while deputies in the Convention debated his fate. By late 1792 they had resolved to put the king on trial, not before an independent court but before the Convention itself. It was an extraordinary move of questionable legality – but there was no avenue to review or challenge it. Louis’ trialbegan in December and lasted five weeks. The former king and his lawyers mounted a staunch defence to the charges levied by the Convention – but the guilty verdict was probably a foregone conclusion. Louis Capet, as he was known by then, was found guilty on January 17th 1793 and executed four days later. Contemporary reports suggest he went to h...

  7. Louis XVI | Palace of Versailles

    en.chateauversailles.fr/node/5920/louis-xvi

    Louis XVI was the grandson of Louis XV. He became Dauphin in 1765 and inherited the throne in 1774 at the age of 20. His governor, the Duke of La Vauguyon, provided him with a well-rounded education but singularly failed to prepare the young prince for the concrete challenges of government.

  8. Top 10 Facts about Louis XVI - Discover Walks Blog

    www.discoverwalks.com/blog/paris/top-10-facts...
    • Louis XVI had a passion for locksmithing. Contrary to his predecessors, Louis XVI was very curious about the crafts and inventions of his time. Passionate about mechanical arts, Louis XVI loved locks and how they functioned.
    • Louis XVI’s mother in law helped the royal couple in their sex life. Like all kings, Louis XVI had a duty to ensure the continuity of the Dynasty, and give an heir to the country.
    • Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette’s wedding ended with a deadly stampede. When he married Marie Antoinette, Louis XVI was still the Dauphin – that is the future king, heir to the throne.
    • The king was voluntarily inoculated with smallpox. In addition to crafts and mechanical arts, Louis XVI also cared a lot about medicine. Medicine in the 18 century had little to do with ours.
  9. Louis XVI Biography, Life, Interesting Facts

    www.sunsigns.org/famousbirthdays/d/profile/louis-xvi
    • Early Life
    • Reign
    • Family Life
    • Death

    As a child, Louis XVIwas educated as well. He had private tutors who taught him some subjects in the humanities and sciences, including theology, Latin, history, astronomy, and various languages. He also often participated in sports, like hunting. Louis’s life was filled with tragedy, even when he was young. He had an older brother, Louis Duc de Bourgogne, who was going to be the next king of France, but he died when he was only nine years old. Soon after, Louis’s father also died. At this time, Louis’s grandfather was still the King of France, but Louis was the oldest male heir to the king, making him the new Dauphin of France when he was only eleven years old. Soon after this, his mother also died, leaving him orphaned. After the death of his father and brother, Louis XVIbegan his training, as he was soon to become the new king of France. Since he had been tutored in various subjects already, he gained new studies, which were meant to teach him how to reign. These included how to...

    King Louis XV died on May 10, 1774, making Louis XVIthe new king of France. At the time, he was only 20 years old, and more or less still experienced with politics. Still, he wanted to do his best as a king. However, he inherited an enormous amount of debt, and many of the people of France were looking towards an end to the French monarchy in general. All in all, the odds of him succeeding as a king were stacked against him. As king, Louis XVItried to appease as many of the French people as he could. He advocated for religious tolerance (at least between the different Christian sects). He allowed Protestants to become citizens. Another thing Louis XVIwas focused on during his reign was foreign policy. Around this time, the American colonies were facing problems with Britain. Around this time, France also were against Britain, so France helped the colonies to fight their war with Britain so they could become independent. While this was a noble enough idea, it only pushed France furth...

    Louis XVI married his cousin, Marie Antoinette, in 1770. At the time, Louis was only 15 and Marie was only 14. It was not until eight years into their marriage that the couple had their first child. The couple would eventually go on to have four children together: Louis Charles, Louis Joseph, Marie Therese, and Sophie Beatrix. Marie Therese was the only one of their children to live into adulthood.

    Louis XVIwas executed by guillotine on January 21, 1793. He was only 38 years old when he died. He would be the last French King to die, as the French monarchy was basically destroyed with his death during the French Revolution.

  10. What Happened to Marie Antoinette’s Children? - Biography

    www.biography.com/news/marie-antoinette-children...

    Louis XVI was held separately from his family and was executed in January 1793. While Marie was initially allowed to remain with her children, authorities soon separated them. Marie, now known as...

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