Louisiana was inhabited by Native Americans for many millennia before the arrival of Europeans in the 16th century. During the Middle Archaic period, Louisiana was the site of the earliest mound complex in North America and one of the earliest dated, complex constructions in the Americas, the Watson Brake site near present-day Monroe.
Antebellum Louisiana was a leading slave state; in 1860, 47% of the population was enslaved. Louisiana seceded from the Union (American Civil War) on 26 January 1861. New Orleans, the largest city in the entire South and strategically important as a port city, was taken by Union troops on 25 April 1862.
Louisiana is the 25th largest state by population and the 31st largest state by area. Louisiana is also known by its nickname, The Pelican State. The land that would become Louisiana was bought in the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. Louisiana became a state on April 30, 1812. It was the 18th state to become part of the United States.
Louisiana (French: La Louisiane; La Louisiane française) or French Louisiana was an administrative district of New France.Under French control 1682 to 1769 and 1801 (nominally) to 1803, the area was named in honor of King Louis XIV, by French explorer René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle.
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- Upper and Lower, or the Louisianas
- Spanish communities in Louisiana
- Immigration from Saint-Domingue
Spanish Louisiana was a governorate and administrative district of the Viceroyalty of New Spain from 1762 to 1801 that consisted of a vast territory in the center of North America encompassing the western basin of the Mississippi River plus New Orleans. The area had originally been claimed and controlled by France, which had named it La Louisiane in honor of King Louis XIV in 1682. Spain secretly acquired the territory from France near the end of the Seven Years' War by the terms of the Treaty o
When Alejandro O'Reilly re-established Spanish rule in 1769, he issued a decree on 7 December of that year which banned the trade of Native American slaves. Although there was no movement toward abolition of the African slave trade, Spanish rule introduced a new law called coarta
Spanish colonial officials divided Luisiana into Upper Louisiana and Lower Louisiana at 36° 35' North, about the latitude of New Madrid, Missouri. This was a higher latitude than during the French administration, for whom Lower Louisiana was the area south of about 31° North or the area south of where the Arkansas River joined the Mississippi River at about 33° 46' North latitude. In 1764, French fur trading interests founded St. Louis in what was then known as the Illinois Country. The ...
To establish Spanish colonies in Louisiana, the Spanish military leader Bernardo de Gálvez, governor of Louisiana at the time, recruited groups of Spanish-speaking Canary Islanders to emigrate to North America. In 1778, several ships embarked for Louisiana with hundreds of settlers. The ships made stops in Havana and Venezuela, where half the settlers disembarked. In the end, between 2,100 and 2,736 Canarians arrived in Louisiana and settled near New Orleans. They settled in Barataria and ...
Beginning in the 1790s, following the slave rebellion in Saint-Domingue that began in 1791, waves of refugees came to Louisiana. Over the next decade, thousands of migrants from the island landed there, including ethnic Europeans, free people of color, and African slaves, some of the latter brought in by the white elites. They greatly increased the French-speaking population in New Orleans and Louisiana, as well as the number of Africans, and the slaves reinforced African culture in the city.
The French established settlements in French Louisiana beginning in the 17th century. The French began exploring the region from French Canada.
- Counties in 1803
The U.S. state of Louisiana is divided into 64 parishes in the same manner that Alaska is divided into boroughs, and 48 other states are divided into counties. Thirty-eight parishes are governed by a council called a Police Jury. The remaining 26 have various other forms of government, including: council-president, council-manager, parish commission, and consolidated parish/city.
Louisiana was formed from French and Spanish colonies, which were both officially Roman Catholic. Local colonial government was based upon parishes, as the local ecclesiastical division. Following the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, the territorial legislative council divided the Territory of Orleans into 12 counties. The borders of these counties were poorly defined, but they roughly coincided with the colonial parishes, and hence used the same names. On March 31, 1807, the territorial legislature
The original twelve counties defined by the Territorial Legislative Council in 1803 were: 1. Acadia Parish 2. Attakapas County 3. Concordia Parish 4. German Coast County 5. Iberville Parish 6. Lafourche Parish 7. Natchitoches Parish 8. Opelousas County 9. Orleans County 10. Ouachita Parish 11. Pointe Coupee Parish 12. Rapides Parish In 1807, German Coast County was divided into several different parishes, when the Territorial Council revised the list from 12 to 19. Similarly, in 1811 Attakapas C
The Louisiana Purchase (French: Vente de la Louisiane 'Sale of Louisiana') was the acquisition of the territory of Louisiana by the United States from France in 1803. In return for fifteen million dollars, or approximately eighteen dollars per square mile, the United States nominally acquired a total of 828,000 sq mi (2,140,000 km 2; 530,000,000 acres).
- Annual cultural events and festivals
Alexandria is the ninth-largest city in the state of Louisiana and is the parish seat of Rapides Parish, Louisiana, United States. It lies on the south bank of the Red River in almost the exact geographic center of the state. It is the principal city of the Alexandria metropolitan area which encompasses all of Rapides and Grant parishes. Its neighboring city is Pineville. In 2010, the population was 47,723, an increase of 3 percent from the 2000 census. Alexandria City City of Alexandria Wide vi
Located along the Red River, the city of Alexandria was originally home to a community which supported activities of the adjacent French trader outpost of Post du Rapides. The area developed as an assemblage of traders, Caddo people, and merchants in the agricultural lands bordering the mostly unsettled areas to the north and providing a link from the south to the El Camino Real and then larger settlement of Natchitoches, the oldest permanent settlement in the Louisiana Purchase. Alexander Fulto
Like many other southern cities, the largest single church denomination in the Alexandria area is Southern Baptist. Large congregations include Emmanuel Baptist Church downtown on Jackson Street and Calvary Baptist off Jackson Street Extension. Alexandria is also headquarters of the Louisiana Baptist Convention. A significant Roman Catholic population is also present, a result of the large Catholic Acadian French population which resides in and around Alexandria, many from neighboring Avoyelles
As Alexandria is at the cusp of Cajun culture's extension to the north, the city recognizes Mardi Gras as an official holiday. The annual Mardi Gras Krewes Parade – occurring on the Sunday before Mardi Gras – on Texas Avenue is a major cultural festivity in the area. It ...
Begun in the late 1980s, Cenlabration was one of the largest festivals in Central Louisiana. The name comes from Central Louisiana Celebration, and reflects local culture and heritage, as well as serving as a means of celebrating Labor Day as the end of summer.
- Education and healthcare
Nicknamed "The Hub City", the city and parish of Lafayette are also known as the "Heart of Acadiana", and have a consolidated city-parish government. The city, metropolitan area and Acadiana region are major centers for the technology industry, and home to the University of Louisiana at Lafayette. Lafayette is also a major center for health care and social services, aerospace, banking and retail. Entities with headquarters or a large presence in the Lafayette area include the Ochsner Health Syst
The Attakapas Native Americans inhabited this area at the time of the first European encounter. French colonists founded the first European settlement, Petit Manchac, a trading post along the Vermilion River. In the mid-to-late eighteenth century, numerous Acadian refugees settled in this area, after being expelled from Canada after Great Britain defeated France in the Seven Years' War. They intermarried with other settlers, forming what became known as Cajun culture, which maintained use of the
Lafayette is located at 30°13′N 92°2′W / 30.217°N 92.033°W / 30.217; -92.033 and has an elevation of 36 feet. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 49.2 square miles, of which 49.1 square miles are land and 0.1 sq mi is covered by water.
Of the population in 2019, 62.5% were non-Hispanic white, 29.6% Black or African American, 0.3% American Indian or Alaska Native, 2.7% Asian, 1.4% two or more races, and 3.5% Hispanic or Latin American of any race. The consolidated area of Lafayette 65.2% non-Hispanic white, 26.6
In common with Louisiana's religious demographic as part of the Bible Belt, the Lafayette consolidated city–parish and metropolitan area are majority religious, dominated by Christianity. As of 2021, the Catholic Church was the single largest Christian denomination, and ...
The public schools in the parish are run by the Lafayette Parish School System. The system has 45 schools: 25 elementary schools, 12 middle schools, and eight high schools. The LPSS offers nine career academies at the high-school level, school curricula designed to prepare studen
Lafayette has one university, one community college, and two vocational colleges. The University of Louisiana at Lafayette is part of the University of Louisiana System. It is a national research institution, home to more than 18,000 students, over 100 programs, and home of the L
Lafayette's major healthcare facilities are: 1. Lafayette General Medical Center 2. Lafayette General Surgical Hospital 3. Lafayette Surgical Specialty Hospital 4. University Hospital and Clinics - As of October 1, 2020 University Hospitals and Clinics merged with Ochsner Medical
- 36 ft (11 m)
- 70501–9, 70593, 70596, 70598