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  1. Louisville is the largest city in Kentucky, with 17.1% of the state's total population as of 2010; the balance's percentage was 13.8%. In 2010, over one-third of the population growth in Kentucky was in Louisville's CSA counties. [citation needed]

  2. Louisville, Kentucky was chartered in the late 18th century. From its early days on the frontier, it quickly grew to be a major trading and distribution center in the mid 19th century, important industrial city in the early 20th, declined in the mid 20th century, before revitalizing in the late 20th century as a culturally-focused mid-sized American city.

  3. Louisville is the largest city in the state of Kentucky in the USA. The settlement that became the City of Louisville was founded in 1778 by George Rogers Clark . It is named after King Louis XVI of France .

    • Overview
    • Topography and geomorphology
    • Political geography and population

    Louisville is a city in Jefferson County, in the U.S. state of Kentucky. It is located at the Falls of the Ohio River. Louisville is located at 38°13′31″N 85°44′30″W / 38.225371°N 85.741613°W / 38.225371; -85.741613Coordinates: 38°13′31″N 85°44′30″W / 38.225371°N 85.741613°W / 38.225371; -85.741613. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Louisville Metro has a total area of 397.68 square miles, of which 380.46 square miles is land and 17.23 square...

    Although the soils and underlying rocks officially put Louisville in the outer Bluegrass region, the city's landscape is better described as being in a very wide part of the Ohio River flood plain. Louisville's part of the valley is located between two plateaus, the karst plateau of Southern Indiana and the Bluegrass plateau of Kentucky, both with an elevation of around 900 feet. Elevations drop off the Indiana plateau very sharply via the Muldraugh Escarpment, whereas the rise in elevation up t

    The Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area, the 43rd-largest in the United States, includes the Kentucky counties of Jefferson, Bullitt, Henry, Meade, Nelson, Oldham, Shelby, Spencer and Trimble. The southern Indiana counties Clark, Floyd, Harrison and Washington are also included in the Louisville MSA. This MSA is included in the Louisville-Elizabethtown-Scottsburg, KY-IN Combined Statistical Area, which also includes the Elizabethtown, KY MSA as well as the Scottsburg

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    • Pre-War Developments
    • The Eve of War
    • War Breaks Out
    • Louisville Under Threats of Attack
    • Military Rule
    • War Comes to A Close
    • Post-War
    • Civil War Defenses of Louisville
    • See Also
    • References

    During the 1850s, Louisville became a vibrant and wealthy city, but together with the success, the city also harbored racial and ethnic tensions. It attracted numerous immigrants, had a large slave market from which enslaved African Americans were sold to the Deep South, and had both slaveholders and abolitionists as residents. In 1850 Louisville became the tenth largest city in the United States. Louisville's population rose from 10,000 in 1830 to 43,000 in 1850. It became an important tobacco market and pork packing center. By 1850, Louisville's wholesale trade totaled $20 million (USD) in sales. The Louisville–New Orleansriver route held top rank in freight and passenger traffic on the entire Western river system. Not only did Louisville profit from the river, but in August 1855, its citizens greeted the arrival of the locomotive "Hart County" at Ninth and Broadway and connection to the nation via railroad. The first passengers arrived by train on the Louisville and Frankfort Rai...

    In the November 1860 Presidential election, Kentucky voters gave native Kentuckian Abraham Lincoln less than one percent of the vote. Kentuckians did not like Lincoln, because he stood for the eradication of slavery and his Republican Party aligned itself with the North. But, neither did they vote for native son John C. Breckinridge and his Southern Democratic Party, generally regarded as secessionists. In 1860, people in the state held 225,000 slaves, with Louisville's slaves comprising 7.5 percent of the population. The voters wanted both to keep slavery and stay in the Union. Most Kentuckians, including residents of Louisville, voted for John Bell of Tennessee, of the Constitutional Union Party. It stood for preserving the Union and keeping the status quo on slavery. Others voted for Stephen Douglas of Illinois, who ran for the Democratic Partyticket. Louisville cast 3,823 votes for John Bell. Douglas received 2,633 votes. On December 20, 1860, South Carolina seceded from the Uni...

    On April 12, 1861, Confederate Brigadier General Pierre G. T. Beauregard ordered the firing on Fort Sumter, located in the Charleston harbor, thus starting the Civil War. At the time of the Battle of Fort Sumter, the fort's commander was Union Major Robert Anderson of Louisville. After the attack on Fort Sumter, President of the United States Abraham Lincoln called for 75,000 volunteers. Kentucky Governor Beriah Magoffin refused to send any men to act against the Southern states, and both Unionists and secessionists supported his position. On April 17, 1861, Louisville hoped to remain neutral and spent $50,000 for the defense of the city, naming Lovell Rousseau as brigadier general. Rousseau formed the Home Guard. When Unionists asked Lincoln for help, he secretly sent arms to the Home Guard. The U. S. government sent a shipment of weapons to Louisville and kept the rifles hidden in the basement of the Jefferson County Courthouse. Louisville residents were divided as to which side t...

    By early 1862, Louisville had 80,000 Union troops throughout the city. With so many troops, entrepreneurs set up gambling establishments along the north side of Jefferson from 4th to 5th Street, extending around the corner from 5th to Market, then continuing on the south side of Market back to 4th Street. Photography studios and military goods shops, such as Fletcher & Bennett on Main Street, catered to the Union officers and soldiers. Also capitalizing on the troops, brothelswere quickly opened around the city. In January 1862, Union General George Thomas defeated Confederate General Felix Zollicoffer at the Battle of Mill Springs, Kentucky. In February 1862, Union General Ulysses Grant and Admiral Andrew Foote's gunboats captured Fort Henry and Fort Donelson on the Kentucky and Tennessee border. Confederate General Albert Sidney Johnston's defensive line in Kentucky crumbled rapidly. Johnston had no choice but to fall back to Nashville, Tennessee. No defensive preparations had bee...

    Widespread guerrilla warfare in the state meant a widespread breakdown in the society, causing residents to suffer. In Kentucky, the Union defined a guerrilla as any member of the Confederate army who destroyed supplies, equipment or money. On January 12, 1864, Union General Stephen G. Burbridge, formerly supervising Louisville, succeeded General Jeremiah Boyleas Military Commander of Kentucky. On February 4, 1864, at the Galt House, Union generals Ulysses S. Grant, William S. Rosecrans, George Stoneman, Thomas L. Crittenden, James S. Wadsworth, David Hunter, John Schofield, Alexander McCook, Robert Allen, George Thomas, Stephen Burbridge and Read Admiral David Porter met to discuss the most important campaign of the war. It would divide the Confederacy into three parts. In a follow-up meeting on March 19, generals Grant and William Tecumseh Sherman met at the Galt House to plan the Spring campaign. (As of 2014[update], that these meetings actually occurred has fallen into dispute.)...

    Although the Confederacy began to fall apart in January 1865, Burbridge continued executing guerrillas. On January 20, 1865, Nathaniel Marks, formerly of Company A, 4th Kentucky, C.S. was condemned as a guerrilla. He claimed his innocence, but was shot by a firing squad in Louisville. On February 10, Burbridge's term as military governor came to an end. Secretary of War Edwin Stanton replaced Burbridge with Major General John Palmer. On March 12, Union forces captured 20-year-old Captain M. Jerome Clarke, the alleged "Sue Mundy", along with Henry Medkiff and Henry C. Magruder, ten miles (16 km) south of Brandenburg near Breckinridge County. The Union Army hanged Clarke three days later just west of the corner of 18th and Broadway in Louisville, after a military trial in which he was charged as a guerrilla. During the secret three-hour trial, Clarke was not allowed counsel or witnesses for his defense, although he asked to be treated as a prisoner of war. Magruder was allowed to reco...

    After the war, Louisville returned to growth, with an increase in manufacturing, establishment of new factories, and transporting goods by train. The new industrial jobs attracted both black rural workers, including freedmen from the South, and foreign immigrants. It was a city of opportunity for them. Ex-Confederate officers entered law, insurance, real estate and political offices, largely taking control of the city. This led to the jibe that Louisville joined the Confederacyafter the war was over. Women sympathizing with the Confederacy organized many groups, including in Kentucky. During the postwar years, Confederate women ensured the burial of the dead, including sometimes allocating certain cemeteries or sections to Confederate veterans, and raised money to build memorials to the war and their losses. By the 1890s, the memorial movement came under the control of the United Daughters of the Confederacy (UDC) and United Confederate Veterans (UCV), who promoted the "Lost Cause"....

    Around 1864–65, city defenses, including eleven forts ordered by Union General Stephen G. Burbridge, formed a ring about ten miles (16 km) long from Beargrass Creek to Paddy's Run. Nothing remains of these constructions.They included, from east to west: 1. Fort Elstner between Frankfort Ave. and Brownsboro Road, near Bellaire, Vernon and Emerald Aves. 2. Fort Engle at Spring Street and Arlington Ave. 3. Fort Saunders at Cave Hill Cemetery. 4. Battery Camp Fort Hill (2) (1865) between Goddard Ave., Barrett and Baxter Streets, and St. Louis Cemetery. 5. Fort Horton at Shelby and Merriweather Streets (now site of city incinerator plant). 6. Fort McPherson on Preston Street, bounded by Barbee, Brandeis, Hahn and Fort Streets. 7. Fort Philpot at Seventh Street and Algonquin Parkway. 8. Fort St. Clair Morton at 16th and Hill Streets. 9. Fort Karnasch on Wilson Ave. between 26th and 28th Streets. 10. Fort Clark (1865) at 36th and Magnolia Streets. 11. Battery Gallup (1865) at Gibson Lane a...

    Beach, Damian (1995). Civil War Battles, Skirmishes, and Events in Kentucky. Louisville, Kentucky: Different Drummer Books.
    Bush, Bryan S. (1998). The Civil War Battles of the Western Theatre (2000 ed.). Paducah, Kentucky: Turner Publishing, Inc. pp. 22–23, 36–41. ISBN 1-56311-434-8.
    Head, James (2001). The Atonement of John Brooks: The Story of the True Johnny "Reb" Who Did Not Come Marching Home. Florida: Heritage Press. ISBN 1-889332-42-9.
    Johnson, Leland R. A History of the Louisville District Corps of Engineers United States Army. pp. 103–120.
    • Prior to 19th Century
    • 19th Century
    • 20th Century
    • 21st Century
    • See Also
    • External Links
    1778 – George Rogers Clark settles on Corn Island.
    1780 – Louisville chartered.
    1798 – Jefferson Seminarychartered.
    1807 – Louisville Gazettenewspaper begins publication.
    1820 – Population: 4,012.
    1828 – John Bucklinbecomes mayor.
    1829

    1901–1959

    1. 1905 1.1. Louisville Free Public Library, Western Colored Branchopens. 1.2. Louisville Gardensopens. 1.3. Jefferson School of Law opens. 1.4. Fontaine Ferry Park(amusement park) opens. 2. 1907 - The annual Kentucky State Fairmoves permanently to Louisville. 3. 1908 - Louisville Free Public Librarymain branch opens. 4. 1910 4.1. Snead Manufacturing Building constructed. 4.2. Waverly Hills Sanatoriumopens. 4.3. Population: 223,928. 5. 1920 – Population: 234,891. 6. 1921 6.1. Bowman airfieldo...

    1960–2000

    1. 1962 1.1. Sherman Minton Bridgeopened. 1.2. Mid-City Mallopened. 1.3. Freedom Hall hosted the 1962 NCAA Men's Basketball National Championship; University of Cincinnatiwon the National Championship. 1.4. Southeast Christian Church, now one of the country's largest Protestant churches, holds its first services. 2. 1963 2.1. John F. Kennedy Memorial Bridgeopened. 2.2. Freedom Hall hosted the 1963 NCAA Men's Basketball National Championship; Loyola–Chicagowon the National Championship. 3. 196...

    2001 - Louisville Bats win the Governors' Cup, AAA Championship
    2002
    2003
    2004
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