4 days ago · The Great Northern War (1700–1721) was a conflict in which a coalition led by the Tsardom of Russia successfully contested the supremacy of the Swedish Empire in Northern, Central and Eastern Europe.
- 22 February 1700 – 10 September 1721, (21 years, 6 months and 2 weeks and 5 days, N.S.)
- Coalition victory:, The Tsardom of Russia establishes itself as a new power in Europe, Decline of the Swedish Empire and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
- Northern Europe, Central Europe, Eastern Europe
- Treaty of Nystad: Russia gains the three dominions Estonia, Livonia and Ingria as well as parts of Kexholm and Viborg., Treaties of Stockholm: Prussia gains parts of Swedish Pomerania; Hanover gains Bremen-Verden., Treaty of Frederiksborg: Holstein–Gottorp loses its part of the Duchy of Schleswig to Denmark., Treaty of the Pruth: Azov and area is ceded back to the Ottoman Empire. Russia demolishes strategic castles such as Taganrog. Charles XII of Sweden gets safe passage from Turkey to Sweden in 1711.
5 days ago · Augustus II the Strong (Polish: August II Mocny; German: August der Starke; Lithuanian: Augustas II; 12 May 1670 – 1 February 1733) was Elector of Saxony (as Frederick Augustus I, German: Friedrich August I.) from 1694, Imperial Vicar and elected King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania in the years 1697–1706 and from 1709 until his death in 1733.