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    • Lutheranism - Wikipedia
      • Lutheranism is one of the largest branches of Protestantism that identifies with the teachings of Martin Luther, a 16th-century German reformer whose efforts to reform the theology and practice of the church launched the Protestant Reformation.
      en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lutheranism#:~:text=Lutheranism is one of the largest branches of,practice of the church launched the Protestant Reformation.
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  2. Lutheranism - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lutheranism

    Lutheranism is also a state religion in Iceland, Denmark, Greenland, and the Faroe Islands. Finland has its Lutheran church established as a national church . Similarly, Sweden also has its national church , which was a state church until 2000.

    • Diet of Worms

      The Diet of Worms 1521 (German: Reichstag zu Worms...

  3. History of Lutheranism - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Lutheranism

    Lutheranism as a religious movement originated in the early 16th century Holy Roman Empire as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church. The movement originated with the call for a public debate regarding several issues within the Catholic Church by Martin Luther, then a professor of Bible at the young University of Wittenberg. Lutheranism soon became a wider religious and political movement within the Holy Roman Empire owing to support from key electors and the widespread adoption of the p

  4. Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity which identifies with the theology of Martin Luther (1483-1546), a German friar, ecclesiastical reformer and theologian. Luther's efforts to reform the theology and practice of the Catholic Church launched the Protestant Reformation in the German-speaking territories of the Holy Roman Empire .

  5. Lutheranism 1. the religious doctrines and church polity of Martin Luther, 16th-century German theologian, author, and leader of the Protestant Reformation. 2. adherence to these doctrines or membership in the Lutheran Church. — Lutheran, n., adj.

  6. Lutheranism - Wiktionary

    en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Lutheranism

    Noun. Lutheranism ( uncountable ) The Christian denomination based on the beliefs and doctrines developed by Martin Luther and his immediate followers.

  7. Calvinism - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calvinism

    Calvinism gained some popularity in Scandinavia, especially Sweden, but was rejected in favor of Lutheranism after the Synod of Uppsala in 1593. [19] Most settlers in the American Mid-Atlantic and New England were Calvinists, including the English Puritans , the French Huguenots and Dutch settlers of New Amsterdam (New York), and the Scotch ...

  8. Talk:Lutheranism - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talk:Lutheranism

    Lutheranism is part of WikiProject Lutheranism, an effort to build a comprehensive and detailed guide to Lutheranism on Wikipedia. This includes but is not limited to Lutheran churches, Lutheran theology and worship, and biographies of notable Lutherans.

  9. Lutheranism | Religion-wiki | Fandom

    religion.wikia.org/wiki/Lutheranism
    • History of Lutheranism
    • Lutheran Doctrine
    • Lutheran Religious Practices
    • Lutheran Ecumenism
    • Lutheranism in North America
    • Modern Lutheranism in Europe
    • Lutherans in Australia
    • International Bodies
    • See Also
    • External Links

    Early history

    Lutheranism as a movement traces its origin to the work of Martin Luther, a German priest and religious scholar who sought to reform the practices of the Roman Catholic Church in the early 16th century. The symbolic beginning of the Reformation occurred on October 31, 1517, which Lutherans and other Protestants regard as Reformation Day, when Doctor Luther posted an open invitation to debate his 95 thesesconcerning the teaching and practice of indulgences within the Church. Between 1517 and 1...

    Religious war

    What had started as a strictly theological and academic debate had now turned into something of a social and political conflict as well, pitting Luther, his German allies and Northern European supporters against Charles V, France, the Italian Pope, their territories and other allies. The conflict would erupt into a religious war after Luther's death, fueled by the political climate of the Holy Roman Empireand strong personalities on both sides. In 1526, at the First Diet of Speyer, it was dec...

    Results of the Lutheran Reformation

    Luther and his followers began a large exodus from the Roman Catholic Church known as the Protestant Reformation. In the years and decades following Luther's posting of the 95 theses on the door of the Wittenberg church, large numbers of Europeans left the Roman Church, including the majority of German speakers(the only German speaking areas where the population remained mostly in the Catholic church were those under the domain or influence of Catholic Austria and Bavaria or the electoral arc...

    The Holy Scripture and the Lutheran Confessions

    The formal principle of Lutheranism and one of the signature teachings of the Lutheran Reformation is the teaching named Sola scriptura -- "Scripture alone." Lutherans believe that the Bible is divinely inspired and is the final authority for all matters of faith and doctrine. Lutherans also hold that the Holy Scripture is explained and interpreted by -- a series of Confessions of faith composed by Lutherans in the 16th Century. Traditionally, Lutheran pastors, congregations and church bodies...

    Central doctrines

    The material principle of Lutheranism is the Lutheran doctrine of Justification; that is, salvation by God's grace alone (Sola Gratia), through faith alone (Sola Fide) for the sake of Christ's merit alone (Solus Christus). Lutherans believe God made the world, humanity included, perfect, holy and sinless. However, Adam and Eve chose to disobey God, trusting in their own strength, knowledge and wisdom. Because of this Original Sin-- the sin from which all other sins come -- all descendents of...

    Lutherans generally place great emphasis on a liturgical approach to worship services. Music forms a large part of a traditional Lutheran service. Lutheran hymns are sometimes known as chorales, and Luther himself composed hymns and hymn tunes, the most famous of which is "A Mighty Fortress is Our God" ("Ein feste Burg ist unser Gott"). Lutheran hymnody is reputed for its doctrinal, didactic and musical riches. Many Lutheran churches are active musically with choirs, hand-bell choirs, children's choirs and sometimes carillon societies (to ring bells in a bell tower). Johann Sebastian Bach, a devout Lutheran, composed music for the Lutheran church. Lutherans also preserve a liturgical approach to the Eucharist. Holy Communion (or the Lord's Supper) is considered the central act of Christian worship. Martin Luther wrote: 1. 1.1. "...we do not abolish the Massbut religiously keep and defend it. Among us the Mass is celebrated every Lord's Day and on other festivals, when the Sacrament...

    Lutherans believe in ecumenism, the idea that there is a single Christian church, and a single Christian faith. They do not believe any one church to be singularly true in its teachings. This belief is ingrained in the Lutheran confessions, and reflects the history of Lutheranism as a reform movement rather than a separatist movement. For that reason, a number of modern Lutheran denominations, now largely separated from state control, are reaching out to other Lutheran denominations as well as other Christian denominations. However, more conservative varieties of Lutheran strive to maintain historical distinctiveness, emphasizing doctrinal purity over ecumenical outreach. The largest organizations of Lutheran churches around the world are the Lutheran World Federation and the International Lutheran Council, which include the great majority of Lutheran denominations around the globe.

    In the U.S., congregations are grouped into over 20 different denominations. By far the largest is the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America(ELCA). The next largest American synod is the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod (LCMS), a conservative synod. Even more conservative than the LCMS are two synods that are in communion with each other: the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod (WELS) and the Evangelical Lutheran Synod(ELS). All these denominations provide seminaries, pastoral care, and Sunday School and liturgical materials. Local congregations contribute funds to support them and receive services and materials. Denominations help to start new congregations affiliated with them. The LCMS, the WELS, and the ELS consider the ELCA to be very liberal. In Canada, the two largest Lutheran denominations are the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Canada (ELCIC) and the Lutheran Church - Canada (LCC). The ELCIC was formed in 1986 when the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Canada (former congrega...

    Evangelical Lutheranism is the established church in most of the Nordic countries: Norway, Denmark, Finland, and Iceland. In these countries, the churches are supported directly by taxes. The church tax, an income tax of about 1–2%, is collected only from the members of the church, but the church also gets its share from other taxes such as the municipal corporation tax. Priests are educated at the Faculties of Theology of the state universities. With the extension of the European Union, the status of state churches is largely revised; they remain a State Church but win greater autonomy. In Sweden, Lutheranism was the state religion up until 2000. The church is no longer supported by taxes, but the fees are collected along with taxes. In the midst of the Church of Sweden's Constitution of 2000, different traditional and biblical movements continued dissension from the political bondage to the State. Notable personalities in the conflict include the first bishop of the Missions provi...

    At present (2005) around 9% of the Australian population call themselves Lutherans. Most Lutherans in Australia are members of congregations that form the synod Lutheran Church of Australia (LCA). At present the Lutheran Church of Australia has elected only to be an associate member of the two large worldwide Lutheran fellowships, LWF and ILC. More conservative groups of Australian Lutherans exist as the Evangelical Lutheran Congregations of the Reformation (ELCR) and the Australian Evangelical Lutheran Church. Most Lutherans in Australia live in rural areas, although this is changing. A popular myth shared amongst Lutherans in Australia is that their church fathers came to Australia to escape religious prosecution in Prussia in 1839. Early history of the church shows much diversity, which resulted in many splits and the formation of many small Lutheran synods throughout Australia. Lutherans are most prominate in South Australia, Queensland and Victoria. After many years of discussi...

    The three largest international Lutheran bodies are the Lutheran World Federation (LWF), of which the ELCA is a member; the International Lutheran Council (ILC), of which the LCMS and the LCC are members; and the Confessional Evangelical Lutheran Conference(CELC), of which the WELS and ELS are members. The Lutheran World Federation supports the activities of Lutheran World Relief, a relief and development agency active in more than 50 countries. These three communions together consist of about 200 church bodies in about 80 nations. Examples of the LWF include Lutheran Church of Taiwan (中華民國台灣基督教信義會)and the Taiwan Lutheran Church (基督教台灣信義會). Examples of the ILC include China Evangelical Lutheran Church (中華福音道路德會) and The Lutheran Church—Hong Kong Synod (香港路德會). Many smaller Lutheran churches exist throughout the world, non-affiliated with the large LWF, ILC and CELC such as those affiliated with the CLC, especially active in East Africa and India; and those affiliated with the Church...

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