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    What blood test is used to diagnose Lyme disease?

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    What is the most accurate test for Lyme disease?

    What are the diagnostic tests for Lyme disease?

  2. May 21, 2021 · Laboratory testing. CDC currently recommends a two-step testing process for Lyme disease. Both steps are required and can be done using the same blood sample. If this first step is negative, no further testing is recommended. If the first step is positive or indeterminate (sometimes called “equivocal”), the second step should be performed.

  3. Lyme disease is an infection caused by bacteria carried by ticks. Lyme disease tests look for signs of infection in your blood or cerebrospinal fluid. You can get Lyme disease if an infected tick bites you. Ticks can bite you anywhere on your body, but they usually bite in hard-to-see parts of your body such as the groin, scalp, and armpits.

    • Lyme Disease Test – Two-Tier Testing
    • Lyme Disease Test – Western Blot
    • Lyme Immunoblots Test
    • Other Lyme Disease Tests

    Two-tiered Lyme disease testing uses two tests. The first is a screening test that should detect anyone who might have the disease. Tests that do this well have are regarded as having high sensitivity. This test is followed by a second test that is intended to make sure that only people with the disease are diagnosed. Tests that do this well have high specificity. HIV/AIDS is diagnosed with tests that are both highly sensitive and highly specific. They are accurate more than 99% of the time. In Lyme disease, the second test is highly specific. So there are few false positives. Unfortunately, the screening test is highly insensitive and fails to accurately identify patients who have Lyme disease. The two-tiered test system misses roughly 54% of patients. (Stricker Minerva 2010) Because of this, LDo recommends the patients and physicians skip the ELISA and go straight to the Western blot.

    Labs performing a Western blot use electricity to separate proteins called antigens into bands. The read-out from the Western blot looks like a bar code. The lab compares the pattern produced by running the test with your blood to a template pattern representing known cases of Lyme disease. If your blot has bands in the right places, and the right number of bands, it is positive. The CDC requires 5 out of 10 bands for a positive test result. However, because some bands on the Western blot are more significant than others your doctor may decide you have Lyme disease even if your Western blot does not have the number of bands or specific bands recommended by the CDC. Different laboratories use different methods and criteria for interpreting the test, so you can have a positive test result from one lab and a negative test result from another. For a comprehensive explanation of the western blot test, download Understanding Western Blot Lyme disease test. The chart below will help you un...

    The IgM and IgG ImmunoBlot (IB) are qualitative immunoassays in which antibodies are visualized. They are used to determine whether pathogen-specific antibodies are present in patient serum or plasma. These tests are generally more sensitive and specific than the Western Blot, ELISA and IFA tests. Learn more about these Lyme disease tests that IGENEX offers.

    Three other tests that may be used to diagnose Lyme disease are polymerase chain reaction (PCR), antigen detection and culture testing. They are called “direct” tests because they detect the bacteria, not just your immune response to it. PCR multiplies a key portion of DNA from the Lyme bacteria so that it can be detected. While PCR is highly accurate when the Lyme DNA is detected, it produces many false negatives. This is because the Lyme bacteria are sparse and may not be in the sample tested. Antigen detection tests look for a unique Lyme protein in fluid (e.g. blood, urine, joint fluid). Sometimes people whose indirect tests are negative are positive on this test. Culture is the “gold standard” test for identifying bacteria. The lab takes a sample of blood or other fluid from the patient and attempts to grow Lyme spirochetes in a special medium. Although culture tests are generally accepted as proof of infection, the CDC has advised caution on the only commercially available cul...

  4. Many people with Lyme disease are misdiagnosed. This checklist helps you document exposure to Lyme disease and common symptoms for your healthcare provider. This tool is NOT a self-diagnosis tool. A proper diagnosis can only be made by a physician. Select the Lyme disease symptoms and conditions that apply for you or your child.

    • Diagnosis
    • Treatment
    • Alternative Medicine
    • Preparing For Your Appointment

    Many signs and symptoms of Lyme disease are often found in other conditions, so diagnosis can be difficult. What's more, ticks that transmit Lyme disease can also spread other diseases. If you don't have the characteristic Lyme disease rash, your doctor might ask about your medical history, including whether you've been outdoors in the summer where Lyme disease is common, and do a physical exam. Lab tests to identify antibodies to the bacteria can help confirm or rule out the diagnosis. These tests are most reliable a few weeks after an infection, after your body has had time to develop antibodies. They include: 1. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) test. The test used most often to detect Lyme disease, ELISA detects antibodies to B. burgdorferi. But because it can sometimes provide false-positive results, it's not used as the sole basis for diagnosis. This test might not be positive during the early stage of Lyme disease, but the rash is distinctive enough to make the diagno...

    Antibiotics are used to treat Lyme disease. In general, recovery will be quicker and more complete the sooner treatment begins.

    Antibiotics are the only proven treatment for Lyme disease. Some people who have unexplained signs and symptoms or chronic disease might believe they have Lyme disease even if it's not been diagnosed. There are a variety of alternative treatments that people with Lyme disease or people who think they have Lyme disease turn to for relief. Unfortunately, these treatments either haven't been proved effective by scientific evidence or haven't been tested. In many cases, they can be harmful, even deadly. If you're considering any alternative treatments for Lyme disease, talk to your doctor first.

    You're likely to start by seeing your family doctor or a general practitioner who might refer you to a rheumatologist, infectious disease specialist or other specialist. Here's some information to help you get ready for you appointment.

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  3. See What Dr. Rawls Discovered as He Battled & Overcame Chronic Lyme Disease. Discover What You Need to Know About Overcoming Lyme Disease

  4. This is the newest place to search, delivering top results from across the web. Find updated content daily for getting tested for lyme disease.

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