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  1. CDC - Malaria - Diagnosis & Treatment (United States ...

    Malaria can be a severe, potentially fatal disease (especially when caused by Plasmodium falciparum), and treatment should be initiated as soon as possible.Which drug regimen to treat a patient with malaria depends on the clinical status of the patient, the type (species) of the infecting parasite, the area where the infection was acquired and its drug-resistance status, pregnancy status, and ...

  2. Malaria - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
    • Diagnosis
    • Treatment
    • Preparing For Your Appointment

    To diagnose malaria, your doctor will likely review your medical history, conduct a physical exam and order blood tests. Blood tests are the only way to confirm a malaria diagnosis. Certain blood tests can help your doctor by showing: 1. The presence of the parasite in the blood, to confirm that you have malaria 2. Which type of malaria parasite is causing your symptoms 3. If your infection is caused by a parasite resistant to certain drugsOther blood tests help determine whether the disease...

    Malaria is treated with prescription drugs to kill the parasite. The types of drugs and the length of treatment will vary, depending on: 1. Which type of malaria parasite you have 2. The severity of your symptoms 3. Your age 4. Whether you're pregnant

    If you suspect you have malaria or that you've been exposed, you're likely to start by seeing your family doctor. However, in some cases when you call to set up an appointment, you may be referred to an infectious disease specialist. If you have severe symptoms — especially during or after travel in an area where malaria is common — seek emergency medical attention.

  3. CDC - Malaria - Diagnosis & Treatment (United States)

    Treatment of malaria depends on many factors including disease severity, the species of malaria parasite causing the infection, and the part of the world in which the infection was acquired. The latter two characteristics help determine the probability that the organism is resistant to certain antimalarial drugs.

  4. WHO | Treatment

    Malaria is a preventable and treatable disease. The primary objective of treatment is to ensure complete cure, that is the rapid and full elimination of the Plasmodium parasite from the patient’s blood, in order to prevent progression of uncomplicated malaria to severe disease or death, and to chronic infection that leads to malaria-related anaemia.

  5. CDC - Malaria - Diagnosis & Treatment (United States ...

    It is preferable that treatment for malaria should not be initiated until the diagnosis has been established by laboratory investigations. “Presumptive treatment” without the benefit of laboratory confirmation should be reserved for extreme circumstances (strong clinical suspicion or severe disease in a setting where prompt laboratory diagnosis is not available).

  6. Malaria Guide: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Options
    • What Is It?
    • Symptoms
    • Diagnosis
    • Expected Duration
    • Prevention
    • Treatment
    • When to Call A Professional
    • Prognosis
    • Further Information

    Malaria is an infection caused by single-celled parasites that enter the blood through the bite of an Anopheles mosquito. These parasites, called plasmodia, belong to at least five species. Most human infections are caused by either Plasmodium falciparum or Plasmodium vivax. Plasmodium parasites spend several parts of their life cycle inside humans and another part inside mosquitoes. During the human part of their life cycle, Plasmodium parasites infect and multiply inside liver cells and red...

    Symptoms of malaria can begin as early as six to eight days after a bite by an infected mosquito. They include: 1. High fever (up to 105 degrees Fahrenheit) with shaking chills 2. Profuse sweating when the fever suddenly drops 3. Fatigue 4. Headache 5. Muscle aches 6. Abdominal discomfort 7. Nausea, vomiting 8. Feeling faint when you stand up or sit up quickly If treatment is delayed, more severe complications of malaria can occur. Most people who develop these complications are infected with...

    Your doctor may suspect that you have malaria based on your symptoms and your history of foreign travel. When your doctor examines you, he or she may find an enlarged spleen because the spleen commonly swells during a malaria infection. To confirm the diagnosis of malaria, your doctor will take samples of blood to be smeared on glass slides. These blood smears will be stained with special chemicals in a laboratory and examined for Plasmodium parasites. Blood tests will be done to determine wh...

    With proper treatment, symptoms of malaria usually go away quickly, with a cure within two weeks. Without proper treatment, malaria episodes (fever, chills, sweating) can return periodically over a period of years. After repeated exposure, patients will become partially immune and develop milder disease.

    Researchers are working to create a vaccine against malaria. Vaccination is expected to become an important tool to prevent malaria in the future.One way to prevent malaria is to avoid mosquito bites with the following strategies: 1. As much as possible, stay indoors in well-screened areas, especially at night when mosquitoes are most active. 2. Use mosquito nets and bed nets. It's best to treat the nets with the insect repellant permethrin. 3. Wear clothing that covers most of your body. 4....

    Malaria is treated with antimalarial drugs and measures to control symptoms, including medications to control fever, antiseizure medications when needed, fluids and electrolytes. The type of medications that are used to treat malaria depends on the severity of the disease and the likelihood of chloroquine resistance. The drugs available to treat malaria include: 1. Chloroquine 2. Quinine 3. Hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil) 4. Artemether and lumefantrine (Coartem) 5. Atovaquone (Mepron) 6. Progu...

    See your doctor before you travel to a tropical country where malaria is common, so that you can take medications to prevent malaria. After you return, call your doctor if you develop a high fever within the first several months.

    In the United States, most people with malaria have an excellent prognosis if they are treated properly with antimalarial drugs. Without treatment, malaria can be fatal, particularly P. falciparum. People with severe malaria have the greatest danger of death. From 10% to 40% of people with severe malaria die even with advanced medical treatment. P. falciparum is more likely to cause severe disease among young children, pregnant women and travelers who are exposed to malaria for the first time.

    Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.Medical Disclaimer

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  8. CDC - Malaria - Diagnosis & Treatment (United States ...

    Ideally malaria treatment should not be initiated until the diagnosis has been established by laboratory testing. “Presumptive treatment”, i.e., without prior laboratory confirmation, should be reserved for extreme circumstances, such as strong clinical suspicion of severe disease in a setting where prompt laboratory diagnosis is not available.

  9. Malaria Medications: Common Malaria Pills Used to Treat and ...

    Malaria pills lower your chance of getting sick with the tropical disease. Although they aren’t 100% effective, they are an important way to reduce your chances of getting malaria while traveling.

  10. Malaria Symptoms, Treatment, Causes, Types, Contagious ...

    Malaria is a serious, life-threatening, and sometimes fatal, disease spread by mosquitoes and caused by a parasite. Malaria was a significant health risk in the U.S. until it was eliminated by multiple disease-control programs in the late 1940s.

  11. CDC - Parasites - Malaria

    Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease caused by a parasite. People with malaria often experience fever, chills, and flu-like illness. Left untreated, they may develop severe complications and die. In 2018 an estimated 228 million cases of malaria occurred worldwide and 405,000 people died, mostly children in the African Region.