Standard Chinese is the official language of the People's Republic of China and Taiwan and one of the four official languages of Singapore. In several rebel group-controlled, multiethnic regions of Myanmar, Mandarin is either an official language (such as in Wa State) or the lingua franca (such as in Shan State Special region 4).
In Mandarin Chinese, this involves the use of particles like le 了 (perfective), hái 还 / 還 ("still"), yǐjīng 已经 / 已經 ("already"), and so on. Chinese has a subject–verb–object word order, and like many other languages of East Asia, makes frequent use of the topic–comment construction to form sentences.
Mandarin Chinese or simply Mandarin (/ ˈ m æ n d ər ɪ n / (); simplified Chinese: 官话; traditional Chinese: 官話; pinyin: Guānhuà; literally: "speech of officials") is the language of government and education of the Chinese mainland and Taiwan, with the notable exceptions of Hong Kong and Macau where a local dialect of Chinese called Cantonese is more often used.Traditional ModernSimplifiedPinyinGloss人—rénhuman女—nǚfemale human子—zǐchild日—rìsun
Huayu, or "language of the Chinese nation", originally simply meant "Chinese language", and was used in overseas communities to contrast Chinese with foreign languages. Over time, the desire to standardise the variety of Chinese spoken in these communities led to the adoption of the name "Huayu" to refer to Mandarin.
Southwestern Mandarin is also one of two official languages of the Wa State, an unrecognized autonomous state within Myanmar, alongside the Wa language. Because Wa has no written form, Chinese is the official working language of the Wa State government. Some of its speakers, known as the Chin Haw, live in Thailand.
Language. Mandarin Chinese, branch of Chinese spoken in northern and southwestern China . Standard Chinese or Modern Standard Mandarin, the official language of China; Taiwanese Mandarin, the official language in Taiwan, mostly mutually intelligible with Standard Chinese
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The Chinese language is the group of languages used by Chinese people in China and elsewhere. It forms part of a language family called the Sino-Tibetan family of languages. Chinese includes many regional language varieties, the main ones being Mandarin, Wu, Yue and Min.
Language Family Branch First language (L1) Second language (L2) Total No. of speakers No. of speakers Rank No. of speakers Rank 1 English: Indo-European: Germanic: 369.7 million 3 898.4 million 1 1.268 billion: 2 Mandarin Chinese (incl. Standard Chinese) Sino-Tibetan: Sinitic: 921.5 million 1 198.7 million 4 1.120 billion: 3 Hindi: Indo ...
Many non-native Chinese speakers have difficulties mastering the tones of each character, but correct tonal pronunciation is essential for intelligibility because of the vast number of words in the language that only differ by tone (i.e. are minimal pairs with respect to tone). Statistically, tones are as important as vowels in Standard Chinese.
In the early 20th century, Classical Chinese was replaced in this role by written vernacular Chinese, corresponding to the standard spoken language ("Mandarin"). Although most other varieties of Chinese are not written, there are traditions of written Cantonese , written Shanghainese and written Hokkien , among others.