Standard Mandarin Chinese is based on the particular dialect spoken in Beijing, with some lexical and syntactic influence from other Mandarin dialects. It is the official spoken language of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and Taiwan (Republic of China, ROC), as well as one of the four official languages of Singapore .
Mandarin is one of five major regional languages of China. It spreads wider than any other regional variety, from the whole northern part of China to Yunnan Province in the southwest corner of China.Traditional ModernSimplifiedPinyinGloss人—rénhuman女—nǚfemale human子—zǐchild日—rìsun
Standard Chinese, in linguistics known as Standard Northern Mandarin, Standard Beijing Mandarin or simply Mandarin, is a dialect of Mandarin that emerged as the lingua franca among the speakers of various Mandarin and other varieties of Chinese (Hokkien, Cantonese and beyond).
In Mandarin Chinese, this involves the use of particles like le 了 (perfective), hái 还 / 還 ('still'), yǐjīng 已经 / 已經 ('already'), and so on. Chinese has a subject–verb–object word order, and like many other languages of East Asia, makes frequent use of the topic–comment construction to form sentences.
People also ask
Is Mandarin Chinese the language of China's main ethnic group?
What are three other dialects of Chinese besides Mandarin?
How did Mandarin become China's official language?
What is the closest Chinese language to Mandarin?
Language. Mandarin Chinese, branch of Chinese spoken in northern and southwestern China . Standard Chinese or Modern Standard Mandarin, the official language of China; Taiwanese Mandarin, the official language in Taiwan, closely resembling and mutually intelligible with Standard Chinese
- History and use of the term
- Figurative meaning
A mandarin was a bureaucrat scholar in the history of China, Korea and Vietnam. The term is generally applied to the officials appointed through the imperial examination system; it sometimes includes and sometimes excludes the eunuchs also involved in the governance of the two realms.
The English term comes from the Portuguese mandarim. The Portuguese word was used in one of the earliest Portuguese reports about China: letters from the imprisoned survivors of the Tomé Pires' embassy, which were most likely written in 1524, and in Castanheda's História do descobrimento e conquista da Índia pelos portugueses. Matteo Ricci, who entered mainland China from Portuguese Macau in 1583, also said the Portuguese used the word. The Portuguese word was thought by many to be ...
From 605 to 1905, mandarins were selected by merit through the extremely rigorous imperial examination. China has had civil servants since at least the Zhou dynasty. However, most high ranking positions were filled by relatives of the sovereign and the nobility. It was not until the Tang Dynasty when the final form of the mandarin was completed with the replacement of the nine-rank system. The mandarins were the founders and core of the Chinese gentry. A governmental office headed by a mandarin
In modern English, mandarin is also used to refer to any civil servant, often in a satirical context, and particularly in the United Kingdom and Commonwealth countries.
Mandarin Chinese may sound strange, but is actually relatively easy for English-speakers to pick up—much easier than it is for Mandarin-spea kers to learn English. A large part of the reason is that Chinese has a very limited syllabary, meaning there are not many sounds in the language, and hardly any new ones if you already know English. On the
Taiwanese Mandarin users may write informal shorthand suzi (Chinese: 俗字; pinyin: súzì; lit. 'custom/conventional characters'; also 俗體字 sútǐzì), a form of variant Chinese character. Often, suzi are identical to their simplified counterparts, but may also take after Japanese kanji , or differ from both, as shown in the table below.
Standard Chinese is based on the Beijing dialect of Mandarin. Actual production varies widely among speakers, as they introduce elements of their native varieties (although television and radio announcers are chosen for their ability to produce the standard variety).