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  1. Standard Mandarin Chinese is based on the particular dialect spoken in Beijing, with some lexical and syntactic influence from other Mandarin dialects. It is the official spoken language of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and Taiwan (Republic of China, ROC), as well as one of the four official languages of Singapore .

    • 920 million (2017), L2 speakers: 200 million (no date)
    • most of Northern and Southwestern China (see also Standard Chinese)
    • Writing
    • Difference Between Mandarin (Beijing Accent) and Beijing Dialect
    • Examples
    • Related Pages
    • Other Websites

    Mandarin is written with Chinese characters called Hànzì (漢字 or 汉字) which literally means "Han characters". Each Hànzìhas its own pronunciation and meaning. An ordinary dictionary will contain about 10,000 characters. Spoken Mandarin uses very many compound words, words that combine meanings the way English does in such terms as "machine gun," "fire truck," "playground," etc. The Hanzi are ideograms: one character means one idea. The various concepts are derived from the ideograms by combining them. Mandarin can be also written phonetically (that is: written as it is spoken) with the Latin alphabet as you really cannot see the spelling from Hanzi characters. That is called transliteration. The most popular transliteration system is called Pinyin. Some Chinese characters were originally fairly concrete pictures of the things they represent. As time went on, people chose to write simpler versions that are easier to write but do not look so much like the real thing, just as people some...

    Mandarin is defined and designed based on Beijing accent. In China, there are over 600,000 dialects and more accents although they all use Chinese language and characters, but their pronunciation and some expressions are totally different. China must find a standard pronunciation to allow all people to understand each other and communicate. Beijing has been the capital city of China for more than 1,000 years, so China defined Beijing Accent as standard Mandarin. Beijing also has some local dialects that are not included by Mandarin or standard Chinese language yet. But with Beijing being the capital city as well as the political, economic, cultural and education center of China, more and more new Beijing dialects have been or will be accepted as Mandarin or standard Chinese language. The other dialects, such as Shanghainese, Cantonese, Hakka etc., have few opportunities to be included into Mandarin or standard Chinese language or be accepted by the whole of China. The following samp...

    你好 nǐ hǎo -hello
    你好吗?nǐ hǎo ma?-How are you?
    我 wǒ-me, I
    你 nǐ -you
    Pinyin Annotator Archived 2007-08-11 at the Wayback MachineAutomatically adds phonetic symbols (pinyin) on top of Chinese characters.
    Free Chinese Character Input Software Archived 2008-05-07 at the Wayback MachineGoogle Pinyin Input Software
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  3. Standard Chinese, often called Mandarin, is the official standard language of China, de facto official language of Taiwan, and one of the four official languages of Singapore (where it is called "Huáyŭ" 华语 / 華語 or simply Chinese). Standard Chinese is based on the Beijing dialect, the dialect of Mandarin as spoken in Beijing.

  4. wiki-mirror.cla.umn.edu › wiki › Mandarin_ChineseMandarin Chinese - Wikipedia

    Mandarin is by far the largest of the seven or ten Chinese dialect groups, spoken by 70 percent of all Chinese speakers over a large geographical area, stretching from Yunnan in the southwest to Xinjiang in the northwest and Heilongjiang in the northeast.

  5. Pages in category "Mandarin Chinese" The following 55 pages are in this category, out of 55 total. This list may not reflect recent changes ().

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