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  1. Standard Chinese - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Standard_Mandarin

    Apr 15, 2021 · Standard Chinese, in linguistics known as Standard Northern Mandarin, Standard Beijing Mandarin or simply Mandarin, is a dialect of Mandarin that emerged as the lingua franca among the speakers of various Mandarin and other varieties of Chinese (Hokkien, Cantonese and beyond).

  2. Chinese language - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Chinese_language

    6 days ago · In Mandarin Chinese, this involves the use of particles like le 了 (perfective), hái 还 / 還 ('still'), yǐjīng 已经 / 已經 ('already'), and so on. Chinese has a subject–verb–object word order, and like many other languages of East Asia, makes frequent use of the topic–comment construction to form sentences.

  3. Mandarin - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Mandarin

    Apr 15, 2021 · Mandarin Chinese, branch of Chinese spoken in northern and southwestern China Standard Chinese or Modern Standard Mandarin, the official language of China Taiwanese Mandarin, Standard Chinese as spoken in Taiwan Mandarin (late imperial lingua franca), the spoken standard of the Ming and Qing dynasties of China

  4. Mandarin Chinese profanity - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Chinese_curse_words

    Apr 02, 2021 · Profanity in Mandarin Chinese most commonly involves sexual references and scorn of the object's ancestors, especially their mother. Other Mandarin insults accuse people of not being human. Compared to English, scatological and blasphemous references are less often used.

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  6. Standard Chinese phonology - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Standard_Chinese_phonology

    3 days ago · Standard Chinese is based on the Beijing dialect of Mandarin. Actual production varies widely among speakers, as they introduce elements of their native varieties (although television and radio announcers are chosen for their ability to produce the standard variety).

  7. Cantonese - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Cantonese

    15 hours ago · In Singapore, Mandarin is the official variety of the Chinese language used by the government, which has a Speak Mandarin Campaign (SMC) seeking to actively promote the use of Mandarin at the expense of other Chinese varieties. Cantonese is spoken by a little over 15% of Chinese households in Singapore.

  8. Taiwanese Mandarin - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Taiwanese_Mandarin

    Apr 16, 2021 · 'National Language'), is a variety of Mandarin Chinese and a national language of Taiwan. The core of its standard form is described in the dictionary Guoyu Cidian (國語辭典) maintained by the Ministry of Education of Taiwan. It is based on the phonology of the Beijing dialect together with the grammar of vernacular Chinese.

  9. Mandarin orange - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Mandarin_orange
    • Overview
    • Etymology
    • Botany
    • Fruit
    • Uses

    The mandarin orange, also known as the mandarin or mandarine, is a small citrus tree fruit. Treated as a distinct species of orange, it is usually eaten plain or in fruit salads. Tangerines are a group of orange-coloured citrus fruit consisting of hybrids of mandarin orange with some pomelo contribution. Mandarins are smaller and oblate, unlike the spherical common oranges. The taste is considered less sour, as well as sweeter and stronger. A ripe mandarin is firm to slightly soft, heavy for its

    Citrus reticulata is from Latin, where reticulata means "netted". The name mandarin orange is a calque of Swedish mandarin apelsin, first attested in the 18th century. The form "mandarine" derives from the French name for this fruit. The reason for the epithet "mandarin" is not clear; it may relate to the yellow colour of some robes worn by mandarin dignitaries.

    Citrus reticulata is a moderate-sized tree some 7.6 metres in height. The tree trunk and major branches have thorns. The leaves are shiny, green, and rather small. The petioles are short, almost wingless or slightly winged. The flowers are borne singly or in small groups in the leaf-axils. Citrus are usually self-fertile or parthenocarpic. A mature mandarin tree can yield up to 79 kilograms of fruit.

    Mandarin orange fruits are small 40–80 millimetres. Their colour is orange, yellow-orange, or red-orange. The skin is thin and peels off easily. Their easiness to peel is an important advantage of mandarin oranges over other citrus fruits. Just like with other citrus fruits, the endocarp is separated into segments, which in their turn consist of a large number of elongated cells. The fruits may be seedless or contain a small number of seeds. Mandarin orange fruits are sweet to taste, and ...

    Mandarins are generally peeled and eaten fresh or used in salads, desserts and main dishes. Fresh mandarin juice and frozen juice concentrate are commonly available in the United States. The number of seeds in each segment varies greatly.

    The peel is used fresh, whole or zested, or dried as chenpi. It can be used as a spice for cooking, baking, drinks, or candy. Essential oil from the fresh peel may be used as a flavouring for candy, in gelatins, ice cream, chewing gum, and baked goods. It is also used as a flavou

    Canned mandarin segments are peeled to remove the white pith prior to canning; otherwise, they turn bitter. Segments are peeled using a chemical process. First, the segments are scalded in hot water to loosen the skin; then they are bathed in a lye solution, which digests the alb

    • C. reticulata
    • Citrus
  10. 血 - Wiktionary

    en.wiktionary.org › wiki › 血

    Mar 28, 2021 · Mandarin (Standard Chinese, standard in Taiwan, colloquial in Mainland) + Pinyin: xi ...

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