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3 days ago · Standard Chinese, often called Mandarin, is the official standard language of China, de facto official language of Taiwan, and one of the four official languages of Singapore (where it is called "Huáyŭ" 华语 / 華語 or simply Chinese). Standard Chinese is based on the Beijing dialect, the dialect of Mandarin as spoken in Beijing.
2 days ago · Bopomofo or Mandarin Phonetic Symbols, also named Zhuyin (Chinese: 注音), is a major Chinese transliteration system for Mandarin Chinese and other related languages and dialects, which is nowadays most commonly used in Taiwanese Mandarin.
3 days ago · In Singapore, Mandarin is the official variety of the Chinese language used by the government, which has a Speak Mandarin Campaign (SMC) seeking to actively promote the use of Mandarin at the expense of other Chinese varieties. Cantonese is spoken by a little over 15% of Chinese households in Singapore.
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5 days ago · CC-CEDICT download What is CC-CEDICT? The word dictionary of this website is based on CC-CEDICT. CC-CEDICT is a continuation of the CEDICT project started by Paul Denisowski in 1997 with the aim to provide a complete downloadable Chinese to English dictionary with pronunciation in pinyin for the Chinese characters.
3 days ago · Chinese Americans have been disproportionately successful in high technology sectors, as evidenced by the 2010 Goldsea 100 Compilation of America's Most Successful Asian Entrepreneurs. Chinese Americans accounted for 4% of people listed in the 1998 Forbes Hi Tech 100 List.
4 days ago · Anti-Chinese sentiment has experienced a new growth due to closer tie between Czech Republic and Taiwan led to deterioration of Czech Republic's relations with China. The Chinese government retaliated by issuing warning travel to Czech Republic, using the lament of rising COVID-19 infection and racism in the country.
6 days ago · The word dictionary of this website is based on CC-CEDICT. CC-CEDICT is a continuation of the CEDICT project started by Paul Denisowski in 1997 with the aim to provide a complete downloadable Chinese to English dictionary with pronunciation in pinyin for the Chinese characters. This website allows you to easily add new entries or correct ...
Jul 27, 2021 · Let's take a look at 10 facts you should know about this complicated and very different language. 1. Chinese is the most used mother tongue. China has many minority groups that speak their own unique languages and dialects but Mandarin Chinese is still the most used language in China.
- Alternative Pronunciation Systems
- An English Speakers Chinese Pronunciation System
- The International Phonetic Alphabet
- Initials and Finals
- Tables of Examples
- Pinyin Tones
Before pinyin was developed there were other systems for writing the pronunciation of Chinese words using the English alphabet. The most notable is the Wade-Giles system, settled in 1892. However, since the standardization of the Chinese language in the latter half of last century, many of the pronunciations that these old systems represent are no longer valid in China (though there are many Wade-Giles names still in common use in Taiwan). For example Peking used to be a way to pronounce China’s capital, but now in China it is pronounced Beijing. Likewise Canton used to be a way to pronounce Guangdong, a province in the southeast of China. While superseded in China, some of these old pronunciations are still in common use around the world. Watch more videos about Chinese culture stories.
In the tables below is a pronunciation system that is (roughly) true to standard Chinese pronunciation (without tones), but uses the letters of the English alphabet in an intuitive way, instead of assigning new sounds to the alphabet. This system uses the alphabet to represent Chinese sounds in a way that English speakers are familiar with. The system takes no time at all to use, and could be used as a quick guide to pronunciation for those unfamiliar with Chinese. It is sometimes used to show pronunciation on the China Highlights China Guidepages. According to this system Beijing would be written Bayjing and Guangdong would be written Gwungdong. Although the pronunciation is instantly recognizable, in cases like the Chinese word yue, written youair for ease of pronunciation recognition, the system is not as efficient as pinyin in the number of letters used. There is also the conundrum of how to represent the ow in cow, without it being mistaken for the ow in low. Pinyin is a more e...
The International Phonetic Alphabet could also be used to represent Chinese pronunciation (see the pinyin pronunciation tables below), but it requires a ready knowledge of the symbols. Though more efficient and foolproof than trying to mimic Chinese sounds with an intuitive combination of English letters, it is not as easy to write, either by hand or typing. Therefore pinyin is a better system. Also read how to communicate with Chinese.
Pinyin means to join together, or spell out, sounds. Pinyin was developed for Chinese speakers and those learning standard Chinese pronunciation, and is an efficient way of representing Chinese sounds with the Roman alphabet. It serves the same purpose as the international phonetic symbols used in dictionaries to show how English words are pronounced. Pinyin was developed during the People’s Republic of China era (from 1949). It was first approved by the Chinese government in 1958, and the International Organization for Standardization adopted it as a world standard in 1982. It is obvious that pinyin wasn’t developed for, and is often misunderstood by, the English-speaking world. This is in evidence whenever English speakers try to pronounce pinyin words without any previous study. About half the time letters in pinyin represent different sounds from what they would in a typical English word, and most of the time the vowels have peculiar sounds. Pinyin is a very useful tool to learn...
Initials are syllable beginnings. Finals are either whole syllables or syllable endings. Unlike English pronunciation, which is divided into a number of consonant and vowel sounds, it is more convenient to divide Chinese pronunciation into initial and final sounds. There are 21 initial sounds, all of which can be expressed roughly using English consonants. There are 36 final sounds, which are either purely vowel or a mixture of vowel and consonant pronunciation. See the table below for a full list of initials and finals.
The following are tables showing examples of the Chinese pinyin system. See below for a thorough explanation of pinyin.
Tone plays a very important role in the meaning of the characters. Different tones in pinyin will lead to different character and meaning of each Chinese word. There are mainly four tonal categories in pinyin: high, rising, falling-rising and falling. high, high rising, low falling-rising, high-falling, neutral Example: A different tone in pinyin will indicate a different character, and the meaning will also be different.