Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, and Australia. Together these make up the 7 continents of the world. Depending where you are from variations with fewer continents may merge some of these.
The earliest known use of the name America dates to April 25, 1507, when it was applied to what is now known as South America. It appears on a small globe map with twelve time zones, together with the largest wall map made to date, both created by the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller in Saint-Dié-des-Vosges in France.
The Waldseemüller map or Universalis Cosmographia ("Universal Cosmography") is a printed wall map of the world by German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller, originally published in April 1507. It is known as the first map to use the name "America". The name America is placed on what is now called South America on the main map.
The Americas consist of the continents of North and South America, which are joined by the Isthmus of Panama (Central America), plus the islands of the Caribbean. North and South America are geologically separate continental masses. North America North America is Earth's third-largest landmass, with an area of 24.2 million km².
- Juan Ramos
- Asia. Though we’ve written extensively about the continent of Asia before, that doesn’t necessarily mean that we’ve provided all of the maps you’ll need!
- Africa. The second most populated (and second-largest) continent on our planet is Africa. And there’s probably a good chance that you already know a fair bit about it — the various and diverse cultures that reside there, the flora and fauna, and even the geography.
- North America. Many of our readers are based in North America — and this author himself is located in the United States! However, many young geographers mistakenly think that only the United States makes up a significant portion of the North American continent.
- South America. Some continental models combine North and South America into a single continent — the Americas. However, most English-speaking countries recognize the seven-continent model.
- Australia / Oceania
- North America
- South America
Asia, which is part of the old world land mass, is the world's largest continent with 44,391,163 km². It is also the world's highest continent with an average elevation of 1,010 m. This elevation of Asia is due to the Himalaya Mountains, which have the highest peaks in the world. Asia has a width of 8,490 km in the north-south direction. To the north of the continent is Cape Chelyuskin (77 ° 42 '55' 'K parallel) in Russia, the southernmost, on Malacca Peninsula (1 ° 14' 17 '' K parallel).
It is a continent in the north of Africa, west of Asia and east of the Atlantic Ocean. Europemeans the side where the Sun sets. This name, which was passed from the Phoenicians to the Greeks, became the Europa in Greek and was given the name of the countries in the West by the Aegean Sea. It is also the name of the daughter of Agenor and Telepassa, the King of Finike in Mythology. He was kidnapped in Ida by Zeus, who had taken the shape of a bull. The name is given to a continent.
Africa, which is one of the oldest world lands, has a surface area of 30,218,000 square kilometers. The African name was inspired by the name of the Romans called Afri or Africani. The continent got the African name during the ”Punic“ wars. Until then, the Greek writers called this continent “Libya”. However, at the end of the 2nd century AD, this name began to be used for the whole continent. Africa has borders with the Mediterranean from the north. Also, the Suez Channel separates the continent from Asia in the northeast. The continent is adjacent to the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean in the east. Bab-el Mendep Strait approaches 18 km to the Arabian Peninsula. Moreover, Indian ocean surrounds the continent in the south and the Atlantic Ocean in the west. 14 km wide Gibraltar Strait separates the continental part from Europe in the northwest. In some countries of the continent, oil production associated with poverty, violence, and pollution can double in West Africa over a decade.
Antarctica, the southernmost part of the Southern Hemisphere and the continent containing the South Pole. It is the only continent in the south of Africa and Oceania. The discovery of the legendary continent in the South, after a search of 200 years, was only successful in 1840. Charles Wilkes, with his sailboat roughly 2,000 km along the coast, proved to be a truly large continent, unlike the Arctic north, where the South Pole was. With a surface area of 12.4 million km², this continent is almost half the size of Africa. Within this region, South Shetland, South Georgia, as well as several archipelagoes is located. Its name covers the Antarctic, which means "opposite the Arctic" (Greek: Antarctic), as a large layer of ice with an average thickness of 2,000 m. The thickness of the ice at a polar point once called "unattainable", reaches 4.335 m. With the volume of 24 million km3, this ice mass constitutes 92% of all ice on the earth.
Map of Australia ContinentOceania is the continent that includes the islands scattered across the Pacific Ocean and Australia. It is located in the south and southeast of Asia, north of Antarctica, and between the Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean. Unlike the other parts of the world, which are continents, it is the ocean that gives integrity to this part and gives its name. Its surface area is 8,970,000 square kilometers. The islands in the Pacific Ocean are not all connected to Oceania. The archipelago near Asia and America is part of these continents. The islands off the coast of America, Aleut Islands and the Japanese archipelago, especially in the Far East, Indonesia and the Philippines do not join Oceania. Although the Malaysian archipelago is sometimes linked to Oceania, it is closer to Southeast Asia in terms of its peoples, civilizations and all its activities.
North Americais located in the northern hemisphere, surrounded by the Arctic Ocean in the north, the Atlantic Ocean in the east, the Caribbean Sea in the south, and the northern Pacific Ocean in the west. It forms an area of 24,230,000 km². It is also the third largest continent after Asia and Africa and is the fourth most populous continent after Asia, Africa, and Europe. North America's only connection to South America is the narrow Panama Canal. There are four major regions in the continent: from the Gulf of Mexico to the Canadian Back, Great Plains; The geologically young, mountainous west, including the Rocky Mountains, Great Bass, California and Alaska; Canada high in the northeast but relatively flat; and the eastern region that includes the Appalachian Mountains and the Florida peninsula.
Map of South America ContinentThe continent that forms the southern half of America. South America is to the east of the Pacific, west of the Atlantic Ocean, south of North America and north of Antarctica. South America has an area of 17,840,000 square km. Or approximately 3.5% of the Earth's surface. South America is the fourth in the rankings (after Asia, Africa, and North America) and the fifth in the population (after Asia, Africa, Europe, and North America).
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- The Supercontinent of Pangea
- North America
- South America
- The World’S Oceans
There weren’t always 7 continents. The current seven continents on the planet Earth were once all connected with one another. Around 175 million years ago there was a single supercontinent known as Pangaea. Over millions of years, the shifting of the tectonic plates broke Pangaea up into seven pieces that shifted into their current position. Even now, the continents are still moving thanks to the movement of the tectonic plates, although this movement is so slow it seems imperceptible to all those but scientists who monitor the movement with specialized research equipment.
Africa is a large continent, with a landmass over 28, 489,000 km² or 11,670,000 mi.². The entire continent of Africa is thought to be home to around 1,000,120,300 people, meaning that approximately 15% of the human population lives in Africa. Africa is home to extremely diverse groups of people, who live within Africa’s many different countries. There is disagreement about the exact number of countries within Africa, as different organizations classify an independent country in different ways, though at least one estimate places the number of countries on the continent as 54. Because Africa is such a large continent, it also has many different climate types in addition to different countries and different groups of people. Northern Africa tends to be drier than southern Africa, which has more temperate, moist climates. Africa is also home to many unique species of animals, with over seven thousand different types of land mammals living on the continent.
Antarctica is the least populated continent in the world. In general, the only people who live on Antarctica are scientists and researchers of one form or another. Antarctica has an estimated population of only about 5000 people, and the largest city in Antarctica is McMurdo Station, which has a population of approximately 1260 individuals. Despite Antarctica having a small population, it is a truly massive continent covering upwards of 12,900,000 km² or 5,400,000 mi.². Antarctica is covered in ice year-roundand has some of the harshest weather on the globe.
Asia has a landmass of approximately 44 million and 20,000 km² or approximately 70,210,000 mi.². Asiais arguably the largest continent, and it accounts for around 29.1% of the Earth’s total landmass. Around 60% of the Earth’s population lives in Asia. The most populous countries in Asia include India, China, South Korea, and Japan. The largest city on the continent of Asia is Tokyo, Japan. Tokyo has a population of around 37,127,000 people. Asia is the eastern portion of the Eurasia landmass, beginning near the Ural mountains and moving East. Asia is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the North, the Indian Ocean to the South. The Pacific Ocean borders Asia to the east. Asia happens to be home to the Himalaya mountain range, which includes Mount Everest – the highest point on Earth. The Gobi desert is a large desert that spreads across much of the Middle East and Asia. China and Japan are some of the world’s oldest civilizations.
Australia is arguably the only continent that has a single country in it. The entire mainland of the continent is occupied only by the country of Australia. Australia’s land area is quite large with a land area of approximately 5,179,976 km2 2,970,000 mi2. However, some people also include New Guinea, Tasmania, New Zealand, and other nearby islands as part of the Australian continent, and the term “Oceania” usually refers to Australia and its surrounding islands. Sydney, Australia is the country and continent’s most populous city, with a population of roughly 4,920,000 people. The name Australia comes from the Latin word “Australis” meaning “southern,” referring to the geographical location of the country/continent – south of the equator. Australia is bordered by the Indian Ocean to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east. Australia boasts a high level of biodiversity, with around 80% of Australia’s fauna/flora beingunique to the country. Marsupials are primarily found in Austral...
Europe is often referred to as the “old world” (in contrast to the Americas which are referred to as the “New World”). The land area of Europeis around 7,769,964 km2 or 3,931,000 mi2. The total population is around 738,949,000, and this number represents around 11% of the global population. Europe’s largest city in terms of population is Istanbul, Turkey, whose population is approximately 14,657,000. Europe represents the western half of the Eurasian landmass, and the continent makes up about 7% of the globe’s landmass overall. Europe also has many islands, in addition to the mainland, such as Iceland, Sicily, Malta, Cyprus, and the British Isles. While Australia is the smallest continent, Europe is the second smallest continent. However, Europe is also the second-most densely populated continent (after Asia) with a population density of about 134 people per square mile. Europe is comprised of around 50 different countries, and some of these countries are very small – such as Vatica...
North America is has a landmass of around 23,309,892 km2 or 9,540,000 mi2. The continent of North America is made out of the United States, Mexico, and Canada.The islands of the Carribean are also considered part of the North American continent. The total population of the North American continent is around 579,024,000. Mexico City is the most populous city in North America, with a population of approximately 19,411,000. The North American continent is the third largest continent on Earth, and it is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Arctic Ocean to the North, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. It is thought that North America was initially settled around 40,000 to 17,000 years ago by people coming from Asia via the Beringia land bridge. From there, the first settlers would spread out through North America and into South America. European settlers wouldn’t arrive until the 17th century.
South America is the southern half of the American continents. South America’s area is approximately 6,888,000 (square miles) or 15,539,928 (square kilometers). The population of South America is around 422,000,000. South America’s most populous city is Sao Paulo, Brazil with a population of around 22,000,000. Other major cities in South America include Bogota, Colombia, and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. South America is bordered by the Pacific Ocean to the west, while the Atlantic Ocean borders South America to the east. Despite being a large continent, only 12 countries are found on it. The Amazon Riveris located in South America, and it is the longest river in the world.
For many years there were four different oceans: the Pacific ocean, the Atlantic ocean, the Indian Ocean, and the Arctic ocean. However, in 2000 the International Hydrographic Organization decided to add the Southern Ocean. The Pacific Oceanruns between Oceania and Asia to the west coasts of North America and South America. The size of the ocean is around 63,784,077 (square miles) or 165,200,000 (square kilometers). The Pacific Ocean has the longest shoreline out of all the oceans. TheAtlantic Ocean is around 41,081,270 (square miles) or 106,400,000 (square kilometers) in size. The Atlantic runs from Africa and Europe to the Eastern coast of North and South America. Many seas like the Caribbean Sea, the Gulf of Mexico and the Baltic Sea are found in the Atlantic Ocean. Charts of the Atlantic Ocean were completed in the 15th century. The Arctic Oceanis both the shallowest and smallest ocean. The size of the ocean is around 5,400,015 (square miles) or 13,986,000 (square kilometers). T...
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