- Margaret of Anjou (French language: Marguerite d'Anjou) (23 March 1430 – 25 August 1482) was the wife of King Henry VI of England. As such, she was Queen consort of England from 1445 to 1461 and again from 1470 to 1471. She also claimed to be Queen consort of France from 1445 to 1453.
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Margaret of Anjou is the subject of Betty King's 1974 biographical novel Margaret of Anjou – a sympathetic portrayal. Margaret of Anjou is an important character in Sir Walter Scott 's 1829 novel Anne of Geierstein , where she appears disguised as a beggar following her exile.
Queen Marie Antoinette, wife of King Louis XVI, was beheaded during the French Revolution. This is a list of the women who were queens or empresses as wives of French monarchs from the 843 Treaty of Verdun , which gave rise to West Francia , until 1870, when the French Third Republic was declared.
The marriage was meant to seal a lasting peace between England, Normandy (an English possession since William I) and Anjou. She was eleven years older than Geoffrey, and very proud of her status as dowager empress (as opposed to being a mere countess ), and which she kept for the remainder of her life.
The House of Plantagenet (/ p l æ n ˈ t æ dʒ ə n ɪ t /) was a royal house which originated from the lands of Anjou in France. The name Plantagenet is used by modern historians to identify four distinct royal houses: the Angevins, who were also counts of Anjou; the main body of the Plantagenets following the loss of Anjou; and the Plantagenets' two cadet branches, the houses of Lancaster ...
- Early Life
- War Over The English Throne
- Exile in France
- Battles of Barnet and Tewkesbury
- External Links
Edward was born at the Palace of Westminster, London, the only son of King Henry VI of England and his wife, Margaret of Anjou. At the time, there was strife between Henry's supporters, and Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, who had a claim to the throne and challenged the authority of Henry's officers of state. Henry was suffering from mental illness, and there were widespread rumors that the prince was the result of an affair between his mother and one of her loyal supporters. Edmund Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, and James Butler, Earl of Wiltshire, were both suspected of fathering Prince Edward, however, there is no firm evidence to support the rumors, and Henry himself never doubted the boy's legitimacy and publicly acknowledged paternity. Edward was invested as Prince of Wales at Windsor Castlein 1454.
In 1460, King Henry was captured by the supporters of the Duke of York at the Battle of Northampton and taken to London. The Duke of York was dissuaded from claiming the throne immediately but he induced Parliament to pass the Act of Accord, by which Henry was allowed to reign but Edward was disinherited, as York or his heirs would become king on Henry's death. Queen Margaret and Edward had meanwhile fled through Cheshire. By Margaret's later account, she induced outlaws and pillagers to aid her by pledging them to recognise the seven-year-old Edward as rightful heir to the crown. They subsequently reached safety in Wales and journeyed to Scotland, where Margaret raised support, while the Duke of York's enemies gathered in the north of England. After York was killed at the Battle of Wakefield, the large army which Margaret had gathered advanced south. They defeated the army of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, one of York's most prominent supporters, at the Second Battle of St...
Margaret hesitated to advance on London with her unruly army, and subsequently retreated. They were routed at the Battle of Towton a few weeks later. Margaret and Edward fled once again, to Scotland. For the next three years, Margaret inspired several revolts in the northernmost counties of England, but was eventually forced to sail to France, where she and Edward maintained a court in exile. (Henry had once again been captured and was a prisoner in the Tower of London.) In 1467 the ambassador of the Duchy of Milan to the court of France wrote that Edward "already talks of nothing but cutting off heads or making war, as if he had everything in his hands or was the god of battle or the peaceful occupant of that throne." After several years in exile, Margaret took the best opportunity that presented itself and allied herself with the renegade Earl of Warwick. King Louis XI of France wanted to start a war with Burgundy, allies of the Yorkist King Edward IV. He believed if he allied him...
Warwick returned to England and defeated Edward IV. In this enterprise, he was assisted by Edward's IV younger brother, the Duke of Clarence, who had joined Warwick in his rebellions and his exile. Edward IV, his brother Richard, Duke of Gloucester, and Lord Hastings fled into exile to Burgundy, while Warwick restored Henry VI to the throne.Margaret and her court lingered behind in France. Shortly after her arrival in England with her son and her daughter-in-law, early in 1471, they heard of the Battle of Barnet. Shortly before the battle, Clarence had reconciled with Edward IV, was forgiven his past treason and now fought with his brothers and defeated and killed Warwick. With little real hope of success, the inexperienced prince and his mother led the remnant of their forces at the Battle of Tewkesbury, where Edward was killed. Edward's body is buried at Tewkesbury Abbey. His widow, Anne Neville, married the Duke of Gloucester, to whom she had been betrothed before and who eventua...R. A. Griffiths, The Reign of King Henry VI (1981), especially the Epilogue. ISBN 0520043723Alison Weir, Lancaster and York: The War of the Roses, London (1995) ISBN 0712666745Richard III Society: http://www.r3.org/basics/basic3.htmlOxford Journals: http://nq.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/citation/s6-V/114/176-i
Louis Alphonse, Duke of Anjou (2006). Louis Alphonse was born in Madrid , the second son of Alfonso de Borbón, Duke of Anjou and Cádiz , and of his wife María del Carmen Martínez-Bordiú y Franco , eldest granddaughter of Francisco Franco .
At the death of his brother Louis III in 1435, he succeeded to the Duchy of Anjou and County of Maine. The marriage of Marie of Bourbon, niece of Philip of Burgundy, with John, Duke of Calabria, René's eldest son, cemented peace between the two families.
Mary of Guise (French: Marie de Guise; 22 November 1515 – 11 June 1560), also called Mary of Lorraine, ruled Scotland as regent from 1554 until her death. A noblewoman from the Lotharingian House of Guise , she played a prominent role in 16th-century French politics.
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