Matilda of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Polish: Matylda, German: Mechthild) (1276 – 26 April 1318) was a German noblewoman and member of the House of Welf.By birth, she was a duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg and by marriage Duchess of Glogów, Ścinawa, etc.
Matilda of Brandenburg (also called Mechthild; c. 1210 – 10 June 1261), a member of the House of Ascania, was first Duchess consort of Brunswick-Lüneburg from 1235 to 1252 by her marriage with the Welf duke Otto the Child.
The first Hanoverian King of Great Britain, George I of Great Britain, was the reigning Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, and was finally made an official and recognized prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire in 1708. His possessions were enlarged in 1706 when the hereditary lands of the Calenberg branch of the Dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg merged ...
Matilda m Louis of Brunswick-Lüneburg (d. 1367), son of Magnus I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg; In 1346 he married his third wife, Sophia of Anhalt-Bernburg (d. 1362), daughter of Bernhard III, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg. In 1363 he married his fourth wife, Agnes (1353–1387), daughter of Duke Eric II of Saxe-Lauenburg. See also. House of Welf
Caroline Matilda died of “a putrid fever and sore throat,” probably scarlet fever, on May 10, 1775, at the age of 23 at Celle Castle in Celle, Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg, now in Lower Saxony, Germany.
- Background and Early Life
- Danish Queen
- Later Life in Celle
- Titles and Styles
- External Links
Caroline Matilda was the youngest child of Augusta.She was brought up by her strict mother away from the English court and was described as natural and informal; she enjoyed out-doors life and riding. She could speak Italian, French and German, and was described as an accomplished singer with a beautiful voice. In 1764, negotiations were made between the British and Danish royal houses of a marriage between the Danish heir to the throne and a British princess. The marriage was considered suitable in status and welcomed by both houses, as there were few Royal Protestant houses to choose between at that point for either party. The preferred choice for a bride was initially Princess Louisa, but after the Danish representative in London, Count von Bothmer, was informed of her weak constitution, her two years younger sister Caroline Mathilda was chosen for the match instead.The marriage was announced in Great Britain 10 January 1765.
Caroline Matilda was described as vivid and charming. Although not called a beauty, she was regarded as attractive; it was said that her appearance was able to attract the attention of men without the criticism of women. However, her natural and unaffected personality was not popular at the strict Danish court. She was close to her first lady-in-waiting, Louise von Plessen, who regarded the king's friends as immoral and acted to isolate Caroline Matilda from her husband. This was not difficult as her husband did not like her. The Danish king was persuaded to consummate the marriage for the sake of the succession, and after a son was born, he turned his interest to courtesan Støvlet-Cathrine, with whom he visited the brothels of Copenhagen. Caroline Matilda was unhappy in her marriage, neglected and spurned by the king. When Plessen was exiled from court in 1768, she lost her closest confidante, leaving her even more isolated. In May 1768 Christian VII took his long tour of Europe, i...
Caroline Matilda's brother, Sir Robert Murray Keith, a British diplomat, to negotiate her release from imprisonment. On 28 May 1772, Caroline Matilda was deported on board a British frigate to Celle, residing at Celle Castle in her brother's German territory of Hanover. She never saw her children again. In Celle, she was known for her charity toward poor children and orphans. She was also reunited with her former hofmesterinde (Mistress of the Robes) Countess Louise von Plessen. In 1774, she became the center of a plot with the intent to make her the regent of Denmark as the guardian of the crown prince, instigated by scarlet fever at Celle on 10 May 1775 at the age of 23. She was buriedin the Stadtkirche St. Marien in Celle.11 July 1751 – 8 November 1766: Her Royal Highness Princess Caroline Matilda[lower-roman 1]8 November 1766 – 10 May 1775: Her MajestyThe Queen of Denmark and Norway
1. Robert Neumann – The Favourite of the Queen (Der Favorit der Königin)(1935) 2. Edgar Maass – The Queen's Physician(1948) 3. GV Blackstone - Caroline Matilda (1955) William Heinemann (London) 4. Norah Lofts – The Lost Queen(1969) 5. Per Olov Enquist – The Visit of the Royal Physician (Livläkarens besök)(1999) 6. Bodil Steensen-Leth Prinsesse af blodet(Princess of the Blood)
1. In The Dictator (1935), Caroline Matilda is played by Madeleine Carroll. 2. In A Royal Affair (2012), Caroline Matilda is played by Swedish actress Alicia Vikander. 3. Herrscher ohne Krone / King in Shadow. Dir Harald Braun, W. Germany (1957)
1. Peter Maxwell Davies – Caroline Mathilde(ballet; 1991)Queen Caroline Mathilde at the website of the Rosenborg CastleHenry Churchyard "Royal Genealogies, Part 10"
Sophia Dorothea of Brunswick-Lüneburg-Celle (15 September 1666 – 13 November 1726), was the repudiated wife of future King George I of Great Britain, and mother of George II. The union with her first cousin was an arranged marriage of state , instigated by the machinations of his mother, Electress Sophia of Hanover .
Bogislaw V (Polish: Bogusław, Latin: Bogislaus) (c. 1318 – 23 April 1374) was a Duke of Pomerania.. Eldest son of Duke Wartislaw IV and Elisabeth of Lindow-Ruppin, Bogislaw had two brothers, Barnim IV and Wartislaw V.
Braunschweig (German pronunciation: [ˈbʁaʊnʃvaɪk] ()) or Brunswick (/ ˈ b r ʌ n z w ɪ k /, from Low German Brunswiek [ˈbrɔˑnsviːk], Braunschweig dialect: Bronswiek), is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany, north of the Harz Mountains at the farthest navigable point of the Oker River, which connects it to the North Sea via the Aller and Weser Rivers.