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  1. Frederick reunited Habsburg lands in Austria. Though he long, he and Eleanor, daughter of the King Edward of Portugal, only had 2 children: 7g Duchess Kunigunde and Maximilian. Maximilian I. Holy Roman Emp. 1459-1519: Emperor and King Maximilian expanded the House of Habsburg through war and his marriage in 1477 to Mary of Burgundy.

  2. Matilda Of Tuscany, Matilda of Tuscany Matilda of Tuscany Matilda of Tuscany (1046-1115) was a strong supporter of the papacy during the Investiture Controversy, who med… Henry Iv (holy Roman Empire) , Henry IV (1050-1106) was Holy Roman emperor and king of Germany from 1056 to 1106.

  3. In 912, Henry succeeded to the duchy of Saxony and Matilda gave birth to the first of five surviving children, a son who would become Holy Roman emperor Otto I the Great. Like many medieval noblewomen, Matilda of Saxony spent little time with her husband, who after being elected to the German throne in 919 spent most of his time at war.

  4. King-Cardinal Henrique did not have issue. Then the Kingship of Portugal fell to Habsburg monarchs for 3 generations. The Habsburg claim originated from a daughter of King Manuel I, Isabella, marrying the Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor Charles V.

    • House of Burgundy
    • House of Aviz
    • House of Habsburg
    • House of Braganza

    His wife was Matilda or Mafalda of Savoy, who was thus the first Queen of Portugal. They had seven children together, including his successor the future King Sancho I of Portugal. Sancho succeeded his father in 1185. He had nine surviving children with his wife, Dulce of Aragon and he also had two children with a mistress. Upon his death in 1211, he was succeeded by his eldest son, now King Afonso II of Portugal. Afonso had married Urraca of Castile in 1206, and they had at least four children together. He died at the age of 37 in 1223 and was succeeded by his eldest son, who became King Sancho II at the age of 12. Around 1240, he married Mécia Lopes de Haro, but the marriage was unpopular, and they had no children together. A civil war broke out in late 1245 and Sancho fled into exile. He died in Sevilla in 1248 and was succeeded by his younger brother, now King Afonso III. Afonso’s first marriage to Matilda II, Countess of Boulogne had taken place in 1239, but they had no children...

    On 11 February 1387, John married Philippa of Lancaster, daughter of John of Gaunt, son of King Edward III, who was a powerful ally to him. They went on to have nine children together, though not all lived to adulthood. They became known as the illustrious generation. Upon John’s death in 1433, he was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, now King Edward. Edward had married Eleanor of Aragonin 1428, and they had nine children together, though not all lived to adulthood. Upon his death in 1438, he was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, now King Afonso V. As he was just six years old, he was placed under the regency of his mother, but her regency was not popular. In 1447, he married Isabella of Coimbra, and they had two surviving children together, including The Princess Saint. Isabella died in 1455 and in 1475, Afonso remarried to his niece, Joanna La Beltraneja, whose claim to the Castilian throne was disputed due to her uncertain paternity. Upon his death in 1481, he was succe...

    One of the closest dynastic claimants was King Philip II of Spain, as a grandson through the female line of King Manuel I of Portugal. He took Portugal by force and was soon elected King. He had been married four times, but by the time of the Portuguese election, all four wives had predeceased him. His first wife was Maria Manuela, Princess of Portugal, his second wife was Queen Mary I of England, his third wife was Elisabeth of Valois, and his fourth and final wife was his niece, Anna of Austria. Upon his death in 1598, he was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, now King Philip II (Philip III of Spain). The following year, he married Margaret of Austria, and they had eight children together, though not all survived to adulthood. Upon his death in 1621, he was succeeded by his eldest son, now King Philip III (Philip IV of Spain). Philip had married Elisabeth of France in 1615, but of their eight children, only one daughter survived to adulthood. One son lived to the age of 16. Af...

    John, Duke of Braganza, a descendant of King Manuel I of Portugal, became King John IV of Portugal. He had married Luisa de Guzmán in 1633, and they had seven children together. One of their daughters was Catherine of Braganza, who married King Charles II of England. John IV was nicknamed John the Restorer. Upon his death in 1656, he was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, now King Afonso VI. He was mentally unstable, and his mother acted as regent for him. He married Maria Francisca of Savoy in 1666, but the marriage was annulled just two years later. She went on to marry his younger brother. From 1667, his brother acted as his regent, and upon his death in 1683, his brother became King Peter II. He and Maria Francisca of Savoy had one daughtertogether. After Maria Francisca’s death in 1683, he remarried to Maria Sophia of Neuburg in 1687, and they had a further seven children. Upon his death in 1706, he was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, now King John V. John married Ma...

  5. Marie Louise was married by proxy to Napoleon on 11 March 1810 at the Augustinian Church, Vienna. Napoleon was represented by Archduke Charles, the bride's uncle. According to the French ambassador, the marriage "was celebrated with a magnificence that it would be hard to surpass, by the side of which even the brilliant festivities that have preceded it are not to be mentioned".

  6. Father. Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor. Mother. Eleonor Magdalene of Neuburg. Signature. Maria Anna of Austria (Maria Anna Josepha Antonia Regina; 7 September 1683 – 14 August 1754) was Queen consort of Portugal by marriage to King John V of Portugal. She was Regent of Portugal from 1742 until 1750 during the illness of John V.

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