Matthias of Arras (?–1352) Saint Vitus Cathedral in Prague; Villard de Honnecourt (14th century) – architecture plans Renaissance to Revolution. Jacques I Androuet du Cerceau (c. 1510–c. 1585) Important book of architectural engravings; Philibert Delorme (or De L'Orme) (1510/1515–1570) Chateau d'Anet (c.1550) – for Diane de Poitiers
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Battle of Gembloux. In the last days of January 1578, the Netherlandish army was camped between Gembloux and Namur.The army was in bad shape, with many sick. Its leaders, George de Lalaing, Count of Rennenberg, Philip de Lalaing, Robert de Melun and Valentin de Pardieu, were absent because they attended the marriage of the Baron of Beersel and Marguerite de Mérode in Brussels.
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After the terrible Sack of Antwerp by Spanish mutineers on November 4, 1576, Catholics and Protestants of the Low Countries concluded the Pacification of Ghent, to remove all Spanish troops. The Spanish Tercios were in fact withdrawn to Italy in April 1577, after that the new Governor-General of the Spanish Netherlands, the famous Christian knight, and half-brother of Philip II of Spain, Don John of Austria (victor of Lepanto), had signed the Perpetual Edict. However, in the summer of 1577, Don John of Austria (brandishing the motto In hoc signo vici Turcos, in hoc vincam haereticos) began planning for a new campaign against the Dutch rebels, and in July, 1577, he took by surprise the Citadel of Namur without a fight. This action further destabilized the uneasy alliance between Catholics and Protestants. From December 1577, John of Austria, still based in Luxembourg, received reinforcements from the Spanish Lombardy. Some 9,000 battle-hardened Spanish troops under Don Alexander Farn...
In the last days of January 1578, the Netherlandish army was camped between Gembloux and Namur. The army was in a bad shape, with many sick. Its leaders, George de Lalaing, Philip de Lalaing, Robert de Melun and Valentin de Pardieu, were absent because they attended the marriage of the Baron of Beersel and Marguerite de Mérode in Brussels. The command of the army was in the hands of Antoine de Goignies, Seigneur de Vendege. Other notable commanders of the Netherlandish army were the Count of Boussu, Martin Schenck (who after the defeat at Gembloux, enlisted in the Army of Flanders), Emanuel Philibert de Lalaing, Philip, Count of Egmont (Philip broke off all contact with William of Orange in 1579, and offered his services to King Philip II of Spain, for whom he reconquered several cities), William II de La Marck, Lord of Lumey, and Charles Philippe de Croÿ, Marquis d’Havré. When De Goignies learned that the Spanish army was approaching Namur, he decided to withdraw to Gembloux.
The defeat at Gembloux forced Prince William of Orange, the leader of the revolt, to leave Brussels, along with its nominal Governor, Matthias of Austria (the future Holy Roman Emperor), who had accepted the position of Governor-General by the States-General, although he was not recognized by his uncle, Philip II of Spain. The victory of Don John also meant the end of the Union of Brussels, and hastened the disintegration of the unity of the rebel provinces. Don John died 9 months after the battle (probably by typhus), on October 1, 1578, and was succeeded by Don Alexander Farnese as Governor-General (last desire of Don John that King Philip II confirmed), who at the head of the Spanish army reconquered large parts of the Low Countries in the following years. On January 6, 1579, the provinces loyal to the Spanish Monarchy signed the defensive Union of Arras, expressed their loyalty to the King Philip II and recognized Don Alexander Farnese as Governor-General of the Netherlands. In...
In 649 Audomar founded an abbey at Sithiu (the Abbey of Saint Bertin) and in 680 Aubertus founded the Abbey of St. Vaast near Arras. The Christianisation of the population was mainly the work of missionaries like Amandus ( St. Bavo's Abbey and St. Peter's Abbey in Ghent) and Eligius (coastal region and Antwerp ).
Biography Family life. Leoninus was born into a non-aristocratic, but well-to-do family, who were able to give him a very good education. He had a tall stature, which later earned him the Latin nickname Longolinus. At first he studied humaniora under Macropedius at Utrecht, and next in Emmerich am Rhein under Matthias
February 1, 1917 (Thursday). James Alexander Murray became Premier of New Brunswick, replacing George Johnson Clarke who resigned due to health issues. The term was short-lived and he was replaced by Walter Edward Foster within a month.
1110. Aelred of Rievaulx, English Cistercian monk and abbot (d. 1167) Abraham ben Isaac, Jewish rabbi and writer (approximate date) Abraham ibn Daud, Jewish astronomer and historian (d. 1180) Walter FitzAlan, Scottish High Steward (approximate date) Clarembald of Arras, French theologian and writer (d. 1187) Diarmait Mac Murchada, Irish king of ...
1691 – Johann Matthias Gesner, German scholar and academic (d. 1761) 1717 – Georg Matthias Monn, Austrian organist, composer, and educator (d. 1750) 1770 – Thomas Johann Seebeck, German physicist and academic (d. 1831) 1773 – Étienne Aignan, French author and academic (d. 1824) 1794 – Theobald Boehm, German flute player and composer ...