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  1. Several key theorists have been considered to have prepared the ground for Humanistic Psychology. These theorists are Otto Rank, Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers and Rollo May. This sections provides a short-handed summary of what each individual's contributions for the theory.

  2. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › PsychologyPsychology - Wikipedia

    Psychology is the scientific study of mind and behavior.Psychology includes the study of conscious and unconscious phenomena, including feelings and thoughts.It is an academic discipline of immense scope, crossing the boundaries between the natural and social sciences.

  3. Sep 10, 2007 · 1. The Word ‘Metaphysics’ and the Concept of Metaphysics. The word ‘metaphysics’ is notoriously hard to define. Twentieth-century coinages like ‘meta-language’ and ‘metaphilosophy’ encourage the impression that metaphysics is a study that somehow “goes beyond” physics, a study devoted to matters that transcend the mundane concerns of Newton and Einstein and Heisenberg.

  4. Cultural psychology is the study of how psychological and behavioral tendencies are rooted and embedded within culture. The main tenet of cultural psychology is that mind and culture are inseparable and mutually constitutive, meaning that people are shaped by their culture and their culture is also shaped by them.

  5. Transfer is a term that refers to drawing conclusions and solving problems using information that was learned in a different context. Thanks to theorists like Jean Piaget, we understand how the ...

  6. The humanistic approach, which is usually thought of as including existential psychology, is the most recent of the three. Often based on a reaction to psychoanalytic and behavioristic theories, the common belief is that the answers are to be found in consciousness or experience. Phenomenological methods are preferred by most humanists.

  7. Behavior therapy uses a wide range of techniques to treat a person’s psychological problems; it is based largely on the theories of classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Operant conditioning focuses on rewards and punishments, while classical conditioning works to pair a conditioned stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus, so that ...