The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional form of government by which a hereditary sovereign reigns as the head of state of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies (the Bailiwick of Guernsey, the Bailiwick of Jersey and the Isle of Man) and the British Overseas Territories.
- Monarchs of Great Britain and Ireland
- Monarchs of The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
- Monarchs of The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
House of Hanover
1. George I (1714 - 1727) 2. George II (1727 - 1760) 3. George III (1760 - 1801)
House of Hanover
1. George III (1801 - 1820) 2. George IV (1820 - 1830) (Regent1811-1820) 3. William IV (1830 - 1837) 4. Victoria (1837 - 1901)
House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
The royal household changed its name to Saxe-Coburg-Gotha after Queen Victoria married Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, but Victoria stayed part of the House of Hanover. With monarchs it started in 1901. The name was changed in 1917by George V. 1. Edward VII (1901 - 1910)
House of Windsor
In 1917 King George V changed the royal house's name to Windsor because the United Kingdom was at war with Germanyand Saxe-Coburg-Gotha is a German name. 1. George V (1910 - 1922, changed name of house in 1917)
In 1922 Ireland was split into the future Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. Northern Ireland stayed part of the United Kingdom. However, the name was not changed until 5 years later and George V continued to be King of Ireland until he died ("of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas, King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India").
- Out of Place Statement?
- Restrictions by Gender and Religion: Review
- The Republican Commonwealth of England
- Wealth of The Crown
- Republican Tone
- United Kingdom Article
- Few Adjustments to Monarchy of Ireland and The Top Text and The Infobox
- Attorney-General's Statement
- Voluntary Abdication?
- Criticism of The British Monarchy
Maybe it's just me but I fail to see the relevance of the last statement in this list to the "Constitutional role" section: "Thus the acts of state done in the name of the Crown, such as Crown Appointments, and even if personally performed by the Monarch, such as the Queen's Speech and the State Opening of Parliament, depend upon decisions made elsewhere: 1. Legislative power is exercised by the Crown in Parliament, by and with the advice and consent of Parliament, the House of Lords and the House of Commons. 2. Executive power is exercised by H.M. Government, which comprises Her Majesty's Ministers, primarily the Prime Minister and the Cabinet. They have the direction of the Armed Forces of the Crown, Her Majesty's Civil Service and other Crown Servants such as the Diplomatic and Secret Services (the Queen receives certain foreign intelligence reports before the Prime Minister does). 3. Judicial power is vested in H.M. Judges, who by constitution and statute have judicial independe...
Please provide Wiki users the courtesy of explaining your deletorious behaviour!Private and Confidential (talk) 10:29, 27 July 2010 (UTC) 1. Cool it. I think its excessive for the lede, I am open to slightly better worded text in the main body. If your edit is reverted you should not edit war, but instead propose the change here so that other editors can get involved —Preceding unsigned comment added by Snowded (talk • contribs) 11:31, 27 July 2010 (UTC) 1. 1.1. I am perfectly cool, Snowded! I do not need "commands" from you..let's start. 1. 1.1. I humbly advocate the following to be inserted appropriately: 1. 1.1. The head of the Roman Catholic Church in England and Wales, Cardinal Cormac Murphy-O'Connor, said under the Act's terms, Prince William "can marry by law a Hindu, a Buddhist, anyone, but not a Roman Catholic" and still be king. The relevant part of the Act states: "That all and every person and persons, who shall or may take or inherit the said Crown, by virtue of the lim...
The current wording: 1. "the tradition of monarchy was broken by the republican Commonwealth of England" seems a rather coy description of the regicide -- which rather cuttingly ended the debate over the divine right of kings -- and "republican Commonwealth" was described otherwise by W.C as: 1. "the triumph of some twenty thousand resolute, ruthless, disciplined, military fanatics ..." I think the sentence carries a simplistic point of view and glosses over one of the most influential periods in formulating the current position of the Monarchy in the UK constitution. -- PBS (talk) 11:44, 1 November 2010 (UTC)
No-one really knows what this is. The jewels I have heard valued at £2billion, the art the same. But the real, huge value is in the land, especially the land abroad. According to an American friend of mine the Crown one on the biggest landowners on the island of Manhattan. The rent from that must be very substantial. Also, on last night's Channel 4 news it was said that of the 20 biggest tax havens in the world the Crown owns 14. Again the income form these must very considerable as tax havens for the super-rich to dodge tax can't come cheap. Obviously none of this is good enough for an encyclopedia but I may try and do some digging. If any other editors are interested in this please leave me a message. SmokeyTheCat13:12, 29 April 2011 (UTC) 1. Sorry, but most of what you've just written is wrong. David (talk) 16:51, 11 September 2011 (UTC) 1. 1.1. The idea that the Queen personally or through the Crown Estate owns parts of Manhatten comes up on the internet or the newspapers every...
This article tries to minimise the role of Her Majesty, saying that she has nothing to say or do and all is done in her name. That is not true. The Queen HAS actual powers and she performs crucial tasks on government, parliament and civil life. Anyone who reads this article would think the monarchy is just a formality and not working state institution. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 22.214.171.124 (talk) 19:16, 28 December 2011 (UTC) 1. 1.1. There's a difference between the formal (de jure) and the actual powers (de facto) of the Crown. The contents of the article are not principally intended; nota bene, as arguments for or against either monarchists or republicans; but as an accurate description how the Crown, and the Monarch in person, functions within the framework of the unwritten UK constitutional framework. This not a controversial position among scholars of political science and constitutional law. RicJac (talk) 14:23, 5 January 2012 (UTC) 1. 1.1. 1.1.1. There is some...
Could editors please join in the discussion relating to the monarch's role, powers, etc, for the United Kingdom article. Talk:United Kingdom#Politics Thanks. David (talk) 10:44, 29 February 2012 (UTC)
I clarified the names and royal titles adopted for the UK and the King in 1927.I also changed the infobox that suggested the UK began in 1707 with Queen Anne. That was the Kingdom of Great Britain 1707-1801. The term UK was officially introduced with the Act of Union of 1801.I also made clear that those married to Catholics were not necessarily disqualified from the succession. Only those who marry Catholics were. When (like the Duchess of Kent) a spouse converts to Catholiscism, that did not disqualify their husbands or wives. Gerard von Hebel (talk) 13:36, 7 July 2012 (UTC) 1. The first articles in both the Acts of Union 1707 say the "United Kingdom". DrKay (talk) 14:00, 7 July 2012 (UTC) 1. 1.1. It has been argued that the term "United Kingdom" as used in the Act of 1707 was a matter of speech. Not the christening of a Kingdom. The text of the first article of 1707 mentions the phrase UK outside the part in which the Kingdom gets it's name of Great Britain. That Kingdom was diplo...
A great overview of the role and position within the constitution of the monarch and the heir apparent from the current Attorney General. Read from para. 6 at the foot of page 3 Conventions and practices, including ones relating to the heir apparent and his "preparations for kingship". Quite a notable statement and possibly could be used to reference (and expand/correct) this Wikipedia article and others. Can I ask editors to read through the document, especially from the bottom of page 3, as it is an excellent source and explains the situation (re: the monarch's/the PoW's role in British politics and government) clearly and concisely too. David (talk) 13:36, 16 October 2012 (UTC) 1. Yeah, it is a well-written and concise opinion and not in the usual arcane legalese one might otherwise have expected. I can see no good reason for why it should not be included in this article & in PoW. RicJac (talk) 03:58, 2 November 2012 (UTC)
The article states as fact that Edward VIII was the only monarch to abdicate voluntarily, and cites James II as involuntarily abdicating. But, as said in the article on James II, the Convention Parliament held that James, by fleeing the country, had voluntarily abdicated. (The article on the Convention Parliament has its own POV problems, but that is another matter.) Seems we shouldn't state as fact a point which is controversial. Thoughts? --Tbanderson (talk) 17:20, 24 May 2013 (UTC) 1. I tend to agree. I'm not sure about Richard II either. Deb (talk) 17:31, 24 May 2013 (UTC) 1.1. The "abdication" of James II wasn't voluntarily just because Parliament said so. In fact he remained a pretender to the throne of England until he died. I'm pretty sure Richard II and Edward II didn't volunteer either. These kings were overthrown. Gerard von Hebel (talk) 17:46, 24 May 2013 (UTC) 1. 1.1. 1.1.1. Yes, but the point is no one can be sure either way - when you say "I'm pretty sure", you are ta...
A new section has been included regarding legitimate criticisms of the British monarchical system. The article is unquestioningly too biased towards the monarchy. In order to ensure a subjectively balancedportrayal of differing opinions regarding the political implications of the British monarchical system, a section titled "Criticisms" is necessary. Another section titled "Modern Status" was previously existent; but was really a criticism of the modern monarchy than descriptive of the "modern status" of the actual monarchy. Administrators have recommended that the section be merged under the new title "Criticism" and be expanded further to present a more balanced approach to the article. When editing the subtitle "Criticism", follow Wikipedia's citation policy. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 126.96.36.199 (talk) 15:53, 17 January 2014 (UTC) 1. I'm not sure what administrators have recommended that, but they're certainly not Wikipedia administrators. Articles should endeavour...
The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional monarchy of the United Kingdom, its dependencies and its overseas territories. The current monarch and head of state, Queen Elizabeth II, ascended the throne on the death of her father, King George VI, on 6 February 1952.
The United Kingdom is a unitary state with devolution that is governed within the framework of a parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy in which the monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II, is the head of state while the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, currently Boris Johnson, is the head of government.
The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional form of government by which a hereditary sovereign reigns as the head of state of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies (the Bailiwick of Guernsey, the Bailiwick of Jersey and the Isle of Man) and the British Overseas Territories. The ...
Species of humans have lived in Britain, for almost a million years. The occupation was not continuous, probably because the climatewas too extreme at times for people to live there. Archaeological remains show that the first group of modern people to live in the British Isles were hunter-gatherers after the last ice age ended. The date is not known: perhaps as early as 8000BC but certainly by 5000BC. They built mesolithic wood and stone monuments. Stonehenge was built between 3000 and 1600BC. Celtic tribes arrived from mainland Europe. Britain was a changing collection of tribal areas, with no overall leader. Julius Caesar tried to invade (take over) the island in 55BC but was not able to do so. The Romans successfully invaded in 43AD.
Written history began in Britain when writing was brought to Britain by the Romans. Rome ruled in Britain from 44AD to 410AD. They ruled the southern two-thirds of Great Britain. The Romans never took over Ireland and never fully controlled Caledonia, the land north of the valleys of the River Forth and River Clyde. Their northern border varied from time to time, and was marked sometimes at Hadrian's Wall (in modern England), sometimes at the Antonine Wall(in modern Scotland). After the Romans, waves of immigrants came to Britain. Some were German tribes: the Angles, Saxons and Jutes. Others were Celts, like the Scoti, who came to Great Britain from Ireland. English and Scots are Germanic languages. They developed from Old English, the language spoken by the Anglo-Saxons of Anglo-Saxon England, an area stretching from the River Forth to the River Tamar.
The UK is north-west off the coast of mainland Europe. Around the UK are the North Sea, the English Channel and the Atlantic Ocean. The UK also rules, usually indirectly, a number of smaller places (mostly islands) around the world, which are known as British Overseas Territories. They were once part of the British Empire. Examples are Gibraltar (on the Iberian Peninsula next to the Strait of Gibraltar) and the Falkland Islands(in the south Atlantic Ocean). In the British Isles, the UK is made up of four different countries: Wales, England and Scotland and Northern Ireland. The capital city of Wales is Cardiff. The capital city of England is London. The capital city of Scotland is Edinburgh and the capital city of Northern Ireland is Belfast. Other large cities in the UK are Birmingham, Bristol, Manchester, Liverpool, Newcastle upon Tyne, Leeds, Sheffield, Glasgow, Southampton, Leicester, Coventry, Bradford and Nottingham. The physical geography of the UK varies greatly. England con...
The United Kingdom is a parliamentary democracy based on a constitutional monarchy. The people of the United Kingdom vote for a members of Parliament to speak for them and to make laws for them. Queen Elizabeth II is the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and is the head of state. The government, led by the Prime Minister, governs the country and appoints cabinet ministers. Today, the Prime Minister is Boris Johnson, who is the leader of the centre-right Conservative Party. Parliament is where laws are made. It has three parts: the House of Commons, the House of Lords, and the Queen. The House of Commons is the most powerful part. It is where Members of Parliament sit. The Prime Minister sits here as well, because they are a Member of Parliament. Scotland has its own devolved Parliament with power to make laws on things like education, health and Scottish law. Northern Ireland and Wales have their own devolved legislatures which have some powers but le...
The United Kingdom has one of the most advanced militaries in the world, alongside such countries such as the USA and France, and operates a large navy (Royal Navy), a sizable army, (British Army) and an air force (Royal Air Force). From the 18th century to the early 20th century, the United Kingdom was one of the most powerful nations in the world, with a large and powerful navy (due to the fact it was surrounded by sea, so a large navy was the most practical option). This status has faded in recent times, but it remains a member of various military groups such as the UN Security Council and NATO. It is also still seen as a great military power.
The United Kingdom is a developed country with the sixth largest economy in the world. It was a superpowerduring the 18th, 19th and early 20th century and was considered since the early 1800s to be the most powerful and influential nation in the world, in politics, economics (For it was the wealthiest country at the time.) and in military strength. Britain continued to be the biggest manufacturing economy in the world until 1908 and the largest economy until the 1920s. The economic cost of two world wars and the decline of the British Empire in the 1950s and 1960s reduced its leading role in global affairs. The United Kingdom has strong economic, cultural, military and political influence and is a nuclear power. The United Kingdom holds a permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council, and is a member of the G8, NATO, World Trade Organization and the Commonwealth of Nations. The City of London, in the capital, is famous as being the largest centre of financein the world.
William Shakespeare was an English playwright. He wrote plays in the late 16th century. Some of his plays were Romeo and Juliet and Macbeth. In the 19th century, Jane Austen and Charles Dickens were novelists. Twentieth century writers include the science fiction novelist H. G. Wells and J. R. R. Tolkien. The children's fantasy Harry Potter series was written by J. K. Rowling. Aldous Huxleywas also from the United Kingdom. English language literature is written by authors from many countries. Eight people from the United Kingdom have won the Nobel Prize in Literature. Seamus Heaney is a writer who was born in Northern Ireland. Arthur Conan Doyle from Scotland wrote the Sherlock Holmes detective novels. He was from Edinburgh. The poet Dylan Thomasbrought Welsh culture to international attention.
The nature of education is a devolved matter in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. They, and England, have separate, but similar, systems of education. They all have laws that a broad education is required from ages five to eighteen, except for in Scotland where school departure is allowed from the age of sixteen. Pupils attend state funded schools (academy schools, faith schools, grammar schools, city technology colleges, studio schools) and other children attend independent schools (known as public schools). There have been universities in Britain since the Middle Ages. The "ancient universities" started in this time and in the Renaissance. They are: the University of Oxford, the University of Cambridge, the University of St Andrews, the University of Glasgow, the University of Aberdeen, and the University of Edinburgh. These are the oldest universities in the English-speaking world. The University of Cambridge, the University of Oxford, and London universities (University Coll...
The BBC is an organisation in the United Kingdom. It broadcasts in the United Kingdom and other countries on television, radio and the Internet. The BBC also sells its programmes to other broadcasting companies around world. The organisation is run by a group of twelve governors who have been given the job by the Queen, on the advice of government ministers.
Road traffic in the United Kingdom drives on the left hand side of the road (unlike the Americas and most of Europe), and the driver steers from the right hand side of the vehicle. The road network on the island of Great Britain is extensive, with most local and rural roads having evolved from Roman and Medieval times. Major routes developed in the mid 20th Century were made to the needs of the motor car. The high speed motorway(freeway) network was mostly constructed in the 1960s and 1970s and links together major towns and cities. The system of rail transport was invented in England and Wales, so the United Kingdom has the oldest railway network in the world. It was built mostly during the Victorian era. At the heart of the network are five long distance main lines which radiate from London to the major cities and secondary population centres with dense commuter networks within the regions. The newest part of the network connects London to the Channel Tunnel from St Pancras statio...