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  1. The monarchy of the United Kingdom traces its origins from the petty kingdoms of Anglo-Saxon England and early medieval Scotland, which consolidated into the kingdoms of England and Scotland by the 10th century. Anglo-Saxon England had an elective monarchy, but this was replaced by primogeniture after England was conquered by the Normans in 1066.

    • Monarchs of Great Britain and Ireland
    • Monarchs of The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
    • Monarchs of The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    House of Hanover

    1. George I (1714 - 1727) 2. George II (1727 - 1760) 3. George III (1760 - 1801)

    House of Hanover

    1. George III (1801 - 1820) 2. George IV (1820 - 1830) (Regent1811-1820) 3. William IV (1830 - 1837) 4. Victoria (1837 - 1901)

    House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

    The royal household changed its name to Saxe-Coburg-Gotha after Queen Victoria married Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, but Victoria stayed part of the House of Hanover. With monarchs it started in 1901. The name was changed in 1917by George V. 1. Edward VII (1901 - 1910)

    House of Windsor

    In 1917 King George V changed the royal house's name to Windsor because the United Kingdom was at war with Germanyand Saxe-Coburg-Gotha is a German name. 1. George V (1910 - 1922, changed name of house in 1917)

    In 1922 Ireland was split into the future Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. Northern Ireland stayed part of the United Kingdom. However, the name was not changed until 5 years later and George V continued to be King of Ireland until he died ("of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas, King, Defender of the Faith, E...

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  3. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom ( UK) or Britain, [note 1] [17] is a sovereign country in Europe, off the north-western coast of the continental mainland. [18] [19] It comprises England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. [20]

    • The UK Rôle of The Monarch
    • The Royal Succession
    • The Crown
    • Finances

    Political

    The British monarch, as the country's head of state has a limited, but nevertheless important, political rôle. The Sovereign, as the embodiment of the monarchy, has the personal power to resolve an otherwise intractable constitutional crisis - a power that can be crucial on the rare occasions when none of the political parties is able to command a majority in the House of Commons. In all other circumstances, the Sovereign is bound to give way to ministerial advice. In other respects, the Roya...

    Ceremonial

    Queen Elizabeth as monarch, performs a range of purely ceremonial functions in which her rôle is confined to the performance of traditional rituals. Among them are the annual State Opening of Parliament the Trooping the Colour Ceremony, and the Remembrance Day Ceremony. She performs a more personal rôle on other royal occasions including the Royal Garden Parties and the Royal Receptions and Theme Days, at which she and other members of the royal family have brief conversations with their gues...

    Social

    Queen Elizabeth attaches importance to her ability to make people feel part of a national community, and each year she, and other members of the Royal Family, pay nearly 3,000 visits throughout the United Kingdom. The functions of the visits, include opening new buildings, meeting local dignitaries and visiting businesses, schools, hospitals and other public buildings as well as community schemes, military units and charities. As patrons of over 3,000 charities, members of the Royal Family al...

    The Act of Settlement of 1701 established that it is for Parliament to determine the title to the English throne. The Act laid down that only Princess Sophia (the Dowager Electress of Hanover and granddaughter of James VI and I) and her legitimate Protestant descendants are eligible to succeed, and set out the rules that determine the sequence of m...

    In its official use, the term "The Crown" does not refer exclusively to the monarch. It is formallydefined to include parliament, the government, government departments, and bodies upon which parliament has conferred "crown status". It is commonly used synonymously with "the state".

    The Crown Estate

    The Crown Estateis a diverse property business valued at more than £8 billion. It includes agricultural land, parkland and forestry, shopping centres, business parks, farms and housing. It was the property of the monarchy until 1760, when George III reached an agreement with the Government under which it would be managed on behalf of the Government and the surplus revenue would go to the Treasury, in return for which the King would receive a fixed annual payment. Thus the Crown Estate is not...

    The Royal income

    The Queen's three sources of income are the Sovereign Grant, the Privy Purse and the Queen’s personal income. The Sovereign Grant is provided by Government in support of The Queen’s official duties, including the maintenance of Buckingham Palace, St James's Palace, Clarence House, Marlborough House Mews, Windsor Castle, and Hampton Court. It is a consolidation of the funding previously provided through the Civil List and the Property Services, Communications and Information and Royal Travel G...

  4. Area of the United Kingdom: 244,820 km 2 (94,530 sq mi) – 79th most extensive country. Area of the countries of the United Kingdom. Extreme points of the United Kingdom : North: Out Stack, Shetland Islands 60°51′N 0°52′W. /  60.850°N 0.867°W  / 60.850; -0.867. South: Western Rocks, Isles of Scilly 49°51′N 6°24′W.

  5. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a constitutional monarchy [2] governed via a Westminster system of parliamentary democracy. It comprises the four constituent parts of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.