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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › MontrealMontreal - Wikipedia

    Montreal ( / ˌmʌntriˈɔːl / ( listen) MUN-tree-AWL; officially Montréal, French: [mɔ̃ʁeal] ( listen)) is the second-most populous city in Canada and most populous city in the Canadian province of Quebec. Founded in 1642 as Ville-Marie, or "City of Mary", [14] it is named after Mount Royal, [15] the triple-peaked hill around which the ...

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    The name 'Montréal' comes from Mont Royal, which means 'Royal Mountain' in French. It was originally called Ville-Marie, or City of Mary. Montreal has always played a very important part in the history and development of Canada. It continues to be a large Canadian industrial and commercial centre, as well as a major seaport (via the Saint Lawrence ...

    Montreal is in the southwest of Quebec, 530 kilometres north of New York City. The city itself is located on an island, the Island of Montreal. Near the downtown area, there is a hill called Mount Royal (Mont Royalin French).

    Montreal's economy is the second largest in Canada. The city's port is the biggest inland port (a port that is not on the sea) in the world. Many large corporations have their main offices in Montreal. It also hosts many international organizations like ICAO, the World Anti-Doping Agency, and IATA. The city is home to four major Universities, welco...

    Montreal is the cultural capital of Quebec and French-speaking Canada. Montreal has many beautiful churches (Montreal is referred to locally as 'the city of a hundred churches'), including the largest church in Canada, and also many important art, history, and science museums. You can also visit the location of the 1967 World's Fair, where today, a...

  2. Montréal ( /ˈmɔ̃.ˌʁe.al/ 3 Écouter) est la principale ville du Québec. Grande métropole 4 insulaire et portuaire du fleuve Saint-Laurent au pied des rapides de Lachine, c'est la deuxième ville la plus peuplée du Canada, après Toronto, et la plus grande ville francophone d' Amérique 5.

    • Pre-Contact
    • Montreal During The French Colonial Period
    • British Rule and The American Revolution
    • The City of Montreal
    • 1914–1939
    • The Quiet Revolution and The Modernization of Montreal
    • Quebec Independence Movement
    • Economic Recovery
    • Merger and Demerger
    • Origin of The Name

    The area known today as Montreal had been inhabited by indigenous peoples for some 8,000 years, while the oldest known artifact found in Montreal proper is about 4,000 years old. By about 1000 A.D., nomadic Iroquoian and other peoples around the Great Lakes began to adopt the cultivation of maize and more settled lifestyles. Some settled along the ...

    The first European to reach the area was Jacques Cartier on October 2, 1535. Cartier visited the villages of Hochelaga (on Montreal Island) and Stadacona (near modern Quebec City), and noted others in the valley which he did not name. He recorded about 200 words of the people's language. Seventy years after Cartier, explorer Samuel de Champlain tra...

    Ville-Marie remained a French settlement until 1760, when Pierre de Rigaud, marquis de Vaudreuil-Cavagnial surrendered it to the British army under Jeffery Amherst after a two month campaign. With Great Britain's victory in the Seven Years' War, the Treaty of Paris in 1763 marked its end, with the French being forced to cede Canadaand all its depen...

    Montreal was incorporated as a city in 1832. The city's growth was spurred by the opening of the Lachine Canal, which permitted ships to pass by the unnavigable Lachine Rapids south of the island. As the capital of the United Province of Canada from 1844 to 1849, Montreal attracted more English-speaking immigrants: Late Loyalists, Irish, Scottish, ...

    Montrealers volunteered to serve in the army in the early days of World War I, but most French Montrealers opposed mandatory conscription and enlistment fell off. After the war, the Prohibitionmovement in the United States turned Montreal into a destination for Americans looking for alcohol. Americans went to Montreal for its drinking, gambling, an...

    By the beginning of the 1960s, a new political movement was rising in Quebec. The newly elected Liberal government of Jean Lesage made reforms that helped francophone Quebecers gain more influence in politics and in the economy, thus changing the city. More francophones began to own businesses as Montreal became the centre of French culture in Nort...

    At the end of the 1960s, the independence movement in Quebec was in full swing due to a constitutional debate between the Ottawa and Quebec governments. Radical groups formed, most notably the Front de libération du Québec (FLQ). In October 1970, members of the FLQ's "Liberation Cell" kidnapped and murdered Pierre Laporte, a minister in the Nationa...

    During the 1980s and early 1990s, Montreal experienced a slower rate of economic growththan many other major Canadian cities. By the late 1990s, however, Montreal's economic climate had improved, as new firms and institutions began to fill the traditional business and financial niches. As the city celebrated its 350th anniversary in 1992, construct...

    The concept of having one municipal government for the island of Montreal was first proposed by Jean Drapeau in the 1960s. The idea was strongly opposed in many suburbs, although Rivière-des-Prairies, Saraguay (Saraguay) and Ville Saint Michel, now the Saint-Michel neighbourhood) were annexed to Montreal between 1963 and 1968. Pointe-aux-Trembleswa...

    During the early 18th century, the name of the island came to be used as the name of the town. Two 1744 maps by Nicolas Bellin identified the island as Isle de Montréal and the town as Ville-Marie; but a 1726 map refers to the town as "la ville de Montréal". The name Ville-Marie soon fell into disuse. Today it is used to refer to the Montreal borou...

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    • Enlaces Externos

    El lugar donde se asienta la ciudad de Montreal estuvo habitado por nativos algonquinos, hurones e iroqueses durante miles de años antes de la llegada de los primeros europeos. Los ríos y lagos de la región estaban llenos de peces que servían como alimento a los nativos, además de que eran eficientes rutas de transporte.

    Consejo municipal

    La ciudad de Montreal está administrada por el alcalde y el Consejo Municipal de Montreal, que está compuesto por 73 miembros.[24]​ Los habitantes de la ciudad eligen al alcalde. La ciudad está dividida en 73 distritos municipales diferentes. La población de cada distrito elige a un candidato, que actuará como representante del distrito en el consejo municipal,[24]​ durante un mandato de 4 años de duración. El alcalde de la ciudad es el principal administrador del gobierno de la ciudad, super...

    El Consejo ejecutivo y los Consejos de distrito

    Montreal también posee un consejo ejecutivo, cuya función es la preparación de diversos documentos, como el presupuesto o las normativas municipales sujetas seguidamente al juicio del consejo de ciudad. Tales documentos implican principalmente la concesión de contratos, subvenciones, gestión de los recursos humanos y financieros, abastecimiento y los edificios municipales. Montreal está dividida en 27 barrios diferentes (no confundir con las 27 antiguas municipalidades existentes anteriores a...

    La ciudad se localiza en la Isla de Montreal, en el río San Lorenzo, e incorpora un total de 74 islas menores localizadas cerca de la Isla de Montreal. Se localiza a 75 km al este de la provincia canadiense de Ontario, a 150 km al este de la capital del país, Ottawa y a aproximadamente 200 km al suroeste de la capital de la provincia, la Ciudad de ...

    Montreal posee cerca de 1,8 millones de habitantes (1,6 millones tras la fusión) dentro de sus límites municipales. La Gran Montreal tiene 3 607 000 habitantes, según una estimación del Centro de Estadísticas de Canadá. El gentilicio de la ciudad es Montréalais (masculino) o Montréalaise (femenino) en francés, y Montrealer, en inglés. Montreal es u...

    Desde el siglo XIX hasta mediados del siglo XX, la economía de la ciudad estaba dominada por comerciantes y empresas anglófonas, que mantenían sus ambientes de trabajo casi siempre en inglés. La Ley 101, sin embargo, obligó a cualquier establecimiento y empresa con más de 50 empleados a mantener también el francés en el área de trabajo.[cita requer...

    Cerca de 5000 fábricas instaladas en Montreal emplean a cerca de un 25 % de la fuerza de trabajo de la ciudad. Montreal es un centro de la industria farmacéutica, de alta tecnología, textil y turística. También produce aparatos electrónicos, equipamientos de transporte y de telecomunicaciones, alimentos industrializados, y es un centro de procesami...

    Existen dos sistemas públicos de escuelas públicas en la ciudad, uno (Commission scolaire Marguerite-Bourgeoys, Commission scolaire de Montréal (antes Comisión de escuelas católicas de Montreal) y Commission scolaire de la Pointe-de-l'Île) encargado de atender a alumnos inmigrantes y nativos en francés (lengua oficial de la provincia), y otro para ...

    Montreal ha sido denominada por la revista Monocle como "Capital Cultural de Canadá" y es reconocida internacionalmente por su efervescencia cultural,[43]​ siendo además uno de los 3 mayores centros turísticos de Canadá, junto con Toronto y Vancouver. La ciudad posee numerosos museos, desde el museo de arqueología e historia de Montreal pasando por...

    Wikimedia Commons alberga una galería multimedia sobre Montreal.
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  4. de.wikipedia.org › wiki › MontrealMontreal – Wikipedia

    MontrealWikipedia Montreal Montreal ( deutsch [ mɔntʁeˈa:l ]) bzw. Montréal ( französisch [ mɔ̃ʁeˈal ], englisch [ ˌmʌntɹiːˈɒl ]) ist eine Millionenstadt in Kanada.

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