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  1. Victor Kugler - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victor_Kugler

    Victor Kugler (5 June 1900 – 14 December 1989) was one of the people who helped hide Anne Frank and her family and friends during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands.In Anne Frank's posthumously published diary, The Diary of a Young Girl, he was referred to under the name Mr. Kraler.

    • Austrian, at birth; then, Dutch; later, Canadian
    • Mr Kraler
  2. Mr. Kraler in Anne Frank's Diary of a Young Girl | Study.com

    study.com/academy/lesson/mr-kraler-in-anne...
    • Pseudonyms
    • Mr. Frank's Business
    • Hiding and Helping The Jews
    • Unappreciated and Stressed
    • Mr. Kugler's Sacrifice

    In Anne Frank's The Diary of a Young Girl, Anne uses fictitious names for the characters to protect their privacy. In early publications, her father Otto Frank chose to stick with most of Anne's chosen pseudonyms, except for his family, but in later publications, Mr. Frank chose to honor the helpers by using their real names. Mr. Harry Kraler is the pseudonym that Anne gives to Victor Kugler, who is one of the people that helped the Franks, the van Daans, and Mr. Dussler hide in the annex. For this lesson, we will use the definitive version of Anne's journal, which was published in 1989, and uses Mr. Kugler's real name. Let's learn more.

    In order to understand the role that Mr. Kugler played in the Frank's life, it is important to understand Otto Frank's business, which originally just sold pectin for jam. Mr. Kugler helps run the business. Because making jam is seasonal, Mr. Frank expands his business by partnering with Hermann van Pels (Mr. van Daan), who is an expert on meat seasonings because of his background as a butcher. Their new company specializes in spices and spice substitutes. Once the Nazis began to take over Jewish-owned businesses, Mr. van Pels and Mr. Frank were forced to resign from their positions in their own countries. The pectin division was run by someone else, while the spices division was renamed Gies and Co, and Mr. Kugler took over operations. Very few people knew about the hide-out in the annex. Even a couple of the other warehouse assistants were unaware.

    The reason the hide-out exists is because Mr. Kugler created a laboratory with a sink, stove, hot-water heater, and a bathroom in that space. Mr. Kugler formerly used it to create spices. It is Mr. Kugler's idea to have a bookcase built at the entrance of the annex to make it less conspicuous. In order to run the business in a way that will support all of them, Mr. Kugler has to work extra hard, but also puts the people in hiding to work. It both gives them something productive to do and helps business. Anne writes, ''Yesterday we had our hands full. We had to pit two crates of cherries for Mr. Kugler to can.'' On another occasion, Mr. Kugler also keeps them busy by ''…filling packages with powdered gravy. The gravy is one of Gies & Co.'s products. Mr. Kugler hasn't been able to find anyone else to fill the packages, and besides, it's cheaper if we do the job.''

    Mr. van Daan and Mr. Dussel get irritated with Mr. Kugler, seeming not to appreciate the extent to which Mr. Kugler has gone to help them. The van Daans are even annoyed when the others make a spice cake for Mr. Kugler's birthday because they think they should be the ones to get cake. But Anne realizes that the secretary, Miep, ''and Mr. Kugler bear the greatest burden for us, and for all those in hiding-Miep in everything she does and Mr. Kugler through his enormous responsibility for the eight of us, which is sometimes so overwhelming that he can hardly speak from the pent-up tension and strain.'' Each day, Mr. Kugler joins the annex family to listen to the radio and again during food distribution time. Anne writes, ''Mr. Kugler hurries up the stairs, gives a short but solid knock on the door and comes in either wringing his hands or rubbing them in glee, depending on whether he's quiet and in a bad mood or talkative and in a good mood.''

    Still, he goes out of his way to make sure everyone is taken care of. After most of the office gets sick with diphtheria, Mr. Kugler has an even greater burden.

  3. Victor Kugler — Google Arts & Culture

    artsandculture.google.com/entity/victor-kugler/m...

    Victor Kugler was one of the people who helped hide Anne Frank and her family and friends during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands. In Anne Frank's posthumously published diary, The Diary of a Young Girl, he was referred to under the name Mr. Kraler.

  4. Victor Kugler (1900-1981) - Find A Grave Memorial

    www.findagrave.com/memorial/74607411

    In Anne Frank's "The Diary of a Young Girl," he was dubbed "Mr. Kraler." He was arrested and sent to a series of German labor camps in Holland where he survived by his wits and finally escaped in March 1945 when the prisoner march he was on was strafed by British Spitfires.

    • 5 Jun 1900, Vrchlabi, Okres Trutnov, Královéhradecký (Hradec Kralove), Czech Republic
    • Section O, Lot 2044
    • 16 Dec 1981 (aged 81), Toronto, Toronto Municipality, Ontario, Canada
    • Sanctuary Park Cemetery, Etobicoke, Toronto Municipality, Ontario, Canada, Show Map
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  6. About: Victor Kugler

    dbpedia.org/page/Victor_Kugler

    Victor Kugler (5 June 1900, Hohenelbe/Vrchlabí – 16 December 1981, Toronto) was one of the people who helped hide Anne Frank and her family and friends during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands. In Anne Frank's posthumously published diary, The Diary of a Young Girl, he was referred to under the name Mr. Kraler.

  7. Victor Kugler

    www.liquisearch.com/victor_kugler

    Victor Kugler (5 June 1900, Hohenelbe/Vrchlabí – 16 December 1981, Toronto) was one of the people who helped hide Anne Frank and her family and friends during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands. In Anne Frank's posthumously published diary, The Diary of a Young Girl, he was referred to under the name Mr. Kraler.

  8. Victor Kugler (5 June 1900, Hohenelbe/Vrchlabí – 16 December 1981, Toronto) was one of the people who helped hide Anne Frank and her family and friends during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands. In Anne Frank's posthumously published diary, The Diary of a Young Girl, he was referred to under the name Mr. Kraler.

  9. Victor Kugler | Bartleby

    www.bartleby.com/topics/victor-kugler

    Victor Kugler. Page 1 of 29 - About 287 essays. ... The residents of the Annex received help from Miep Gies and Mr. Kraler, workers in Mr. Frank’s company. Miep ...

  10. Victor Kugler Death Fact Check, Birthday & Date of Death

    deadorkicking.com/victor-kugler-dead-or-alive

    Victor Kugler - Biography. Victor Kugler (5 June 1900, Hohenelbe/Vrchlabí – 16 December 1981, Toronto) was one of the people who helped hide Anne Frank and her family and friends during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands. In Anne Frank's posthumously published diary, The Diary of a Young Girl, he was referred to under the name Mr. Kraler.